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US History - Chapter 1 and 2
Terms in this set (31)
In which region did American Indians hunt bison?
The Great Plains
What happened when the ice age ended about 10,000 years ago?
The number of mammoths and other large mammals decreased
In which area did American Indians first grow maize, beans, and squash?
How did the development of agriculture affect Indians in Mexico?
They began to build larger, permanent villages
What was the largest and wealthiest city in the Mississippi River Valley?
In what kind of housing did Algonquians live?
Which Indian people formed a league for peaceful cooperation?
Where did the Aztec and Maya live?
What are two theories of how Paleo Indians came to North America?
1. They crossed a land Bridge.
2. By small boats.
What are two factors that most Indian people had in common?
1. They believed everything in nature had a spirit.
2. Work load were spilt among genders. The women cooked, cleaned, and cared for the children. The men hunted and warfare.
Who made the Treaty of Tordesillas and what did it do?
Spain and Portugal made the Treaty of Tordesillas. This Treaty split north and south of the new discoveries with a line though the Atlantic. Portugal got African coast. Spain got the land Columbus discovered.
What is the Columbian Exchange and give two examples of something brought from the Old World to the Americas and two examples from the Americas to the Old World?
Columbian Exchange is a global exchange of goods and ideas. Old into New world examples; pigs/ wheat and oats. New to Old World; potatoes/corn.
What advantages did conquistadors have that allowed them to defeat native people like the Aztec or Incas?
They had horse, disease, and superior weapons.
How did Portugal attempt to protect its African trade?
By building fortified trading posts.
Most slaves bought by the Portuguese were sent to work in...
Island in the East Atlantic
Some people of the West Africa held traditional belief similar to those of...
What is NOT one of Columbus's three ships?
Which two parties divided the Americans with the Treaty of Tordesillas?
Spain and Portugal
Christopher Columbus was an Italian mariner who sailed for...
How do you determined one's wealth in West Africa?
Where did most Europeans live during the Middle Ages?
In the countryside
Describes how slavery in Africa was different than slavery in the Americans...
In Africa people enslaved were Criminals and Enemies, slaves would be part of the family, they could be an important person, and their children weren't born into slavery. In America you would be a slave for life, treated awfully, white thought they were better, and the slaves children could be slaves.
The French used New Orleans mainly as a
Unlike the Spanish, the French...
Did not have the manpower to intimidate Indians
What caused the conflict between the French and the Iroquois?
The Iroquois were enemies of the Hurons and Algonquians, French trading partners.
The first permanent European settlement in Canada was...
Who sailed down the Mississippi and claimed Louisiana for France?
Robert de LaSalle
Some French fur traders went to live in the woods. They were called...
Coureurs de bois
While searching for the Northwest Passage, Jacques Cartier explored the...
St. Lawrence River
List 3 reasons New France grew slowly...
1. Hard work to clean or build on/in a forests.
2. Cold weather.
3. The raids from the Iroquois on the colonies
Why did Indians have to adapt their warfare...
The French had superior weapons like a gun compared to a bow and arrow. The Indians weapons were not going to protect them from the French weapons.
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