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Salon Fundamentals (Chapter 14 Nails)

Chapter 14 on Nails
STUDY
PLAY
Eggshell Nails
Very Thin, soft nails and sometimes curve over the free edge
Onychoptosis
Shedding or falling off of the nails
Onychomadesis
Loss of the nail plate with separation occurring at the nail matrix
Onychatrophia
Atrophy of the nail or wasting away of the nail
Onychomycosis
Ringworm of the nail
Furrows
Indented vertical lines down the nail plate
Corrugations
Horizontal wavy ridges across the nail
Pterygium
Living skin that becomes attached to the nail plate
Pincer Nails
Nails that corner inwards
Plicatued Nails
Appears to have a 90 dagree fold
Paronychia or (Felon)
Inflammation of the skin surrounding the nail
The 13 different parts of the nail.
Free edge
Nail body
Nail wall
Lunula
Eponychium
Cuticle
Nail Matrix
Nail Root
Mantle
Nail bed
Nail Grooves
Perionychium
Hyponychium
What is Onychosis?
Any disease, disorder or condition of the nail
What is Etiology?
Cause of the disease, disorder or condition
What is Onychology?
The study of nails
Keratin
Protein that hardens the nails
What is the normal growth rate to grow a new nail?
4 to 6 months
What are the four types of nail wraps?
Fiberglass- Synthetic fiber, almost invisible when applied

Silk- Natural fiber, creates smooth overlay

Linen- Thicker fabric, remains visible

Nylon- Used for repair, not as strong
The five basic nail shapes.
Pointed
Oval
Round
Square
Squoval
What is Pigmentation Problems?
Discoloration- Serious problem in the nail bed

Nail Fungus- Very Contagious, can spread easily

Health of body- The conditions of the bonds give an over all health
Title-Shaped Nails
Deep "C" Curve
Onycholysis
Loosing or separation of the nail
Onychogryposis (Claw Nails)
Increased curvature of the nails
Onychorrhexis
Split or Brittle nails
Onychocryptosis
Ingrown nails
Onychauxis
Thickening of the nail plate
Onychophagy
Bitten nails
Onychia
Inflammation of the nail matrix
Free edge
Extends at the end of the fingers and toes
Nail body
Visible nail area
Nail Wall
Folds of the skin on either sides of the nail grove
Nail Matrix
Generates cells that make the nail
Nail Root
Attached to the matrix
Mantel
Holds the root and matrix
Nail bed
Area of the nail on which the nail body rests
Perionychium
Skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nail
Hyponychium
Skin under the free edge