World Geo MidTerm
Terms in this set (97)
What are the two types of location that geographers use as reference points?
Absolute and relative
Why are maps useful to geographers?
Maps can show some information better than written text
How is statistical data, such as census numbers, useful to geographers?
Statistical data help geographers identify patterns and trends
What is another name for parallels that circle the Earth?
Lines of latitude
Why would a geographer be likely to study population density maps of two counties?
To determine which area has the greater need for services
What is another name for mapmakers?
Which hemisphere is located entirely south of the Equator?
Satellite imagery is a form of which type of geographic research method?
A city is an example of which type of region?
What are some careers in geography?
Geographers work in a wide range of fields
A lake is a body of water that
Is completely surrounded by land
What are the three layers of the Earth?
Core, mantle, crust
Three types of ____________________ are seas, gulfs, and bays.
Bodies of salt water
Which planets are known as dwarf planets?
Ceres and Pluto
What is magma?
Molten rock within the Earth
All planets are grouped into what categories?
Terrestrial, gas giants, dwarf
The part of the Earth's surface that is land is called the
Magma wells up from between plates as a result of
Which of the following is an example of chemical weathering?
Acid rain dissolving limestone
The hydrosphere is made up almost entirely of
Groundwater is found
Beneath the earth's surface
Which climate region has the widest temperature range?
In which months do equinoxes take place?
An oasis is a place in the desert at which
Water and lush vegetation
Because of the tilt of Earth,
Not all places receive the same amount of sunlight at the same time
What are global winds that blow in fairly constant patterns called?
What is the natural vegetation of deserts?
Scattered shrubs, cacti
What causes the Earth's seasons?
Revolution and tilt
Where are Earth's polar areas located?
As ocean currents circulate, ____________ water from the ___________ moves toward the ______________.
cold, polar areas, equator
Steppe is an example of what type of climate?
The Earth's climate
changes gradually over time. b.does not change over time. C
What is an embargo?
A ban on trade with one country by another
Within a culture, a social class may be made up of
A group ranked by ancestry, wealth, education
A monarchy is a form of government in which
King or Queen has complete control of the state
Why must countries trade with each other?
Natural resources are distributed unevenly among countries
Some of the factors that change cultures are
trade, migration, war
An ethnic group
is made up of people who have a common language, history, place of origin
What is Natural increase?
Birth rate exceeds death rate, Zero population growth occurs when, Birth rate and death rate are equal
What is the primary cause of urbanization?
Hope for a better life
What is a form of autocracy?
____________ economic activities use raw materials to produce something new and more valuable.
Tariffs are often used by governments to
Protect domestic businesses
No trees grow
.b. above the timberline
A tornado can develop out of a
What causes the dry areas of the Columbia Plateau?
Rain shadow effect
The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System links
Great Lakes - Atlantic Ocean
Where is the Grand Canyon located?
The ________ River forms part of the border between the United States and Canada.
The rounded peaks of the ______________ were shaped over time by ice and running water.
Compared to households in 1970, households in the United States today are, on average,
Smaller by one to two people
Which country sold to the United States the largest tract of land west of the Mississippi?
Most people in the United States enjoy one of the ___________ standards of living in the World.
What is the second most commonly spoken language in the United States?
Although they are neighbors with the United States, some Canadians dislike the free trade between the two countries because
Bombarded by US culture and have to struggle to maintain a separate identity
Why do most Canadians live along the U.S.-Canada border?
Rugged terrain and a bitterly cold climate in north is unfavorable for living.
North American economies are based increasingly on
What is a result of acid rain?
Lakes become unable to support most organisms
When economies are interconnected and dependent on one another for goods and services,
the result is a global economy
The abandoned factories and steel mills in old industrial areas came to be known as
What has greatly changed manufacturing in the United States and Canada, resulting in more goods with less labor?
Where is the Corn Belt located?
Ohio to Nebraska
The mountains located along the western edge of South America are the
The __________ is the Western Hemisphere's longest river.
The Rio Grande forms part of the border between
US and Mexico
What attracted settlers to the mountains and plateaus of Latin America?
Cooler climates, rich natural resouces
Major deposits of oil and natural gas are located along the Gulf of Mexico and the
The eastern highlands of South America plunge to the Atlantic Ocean, forming a steep slope called a(n)
In Peru and Bolivia, the Andes encircle the _________, or "high plain."
The Panama Canal allows ships to travel between which two bodies of water?
Atlantic to Pacific
The _______ of South America are a continuation of the Rocky Mountains of North America.
A ____________________ is artwork that is painted directly onto a wall.
What is a quipu?
A set of knotted cords that the Inca used for keeping accounts
The Native American empires of Latin America were the
Maya, Inca, Aztec
When did the Maya dominate southern Mexico and northern Central America?
250 to 900 A.D.
Picture writings carved in stone are called
Africans first came to the Caribbean as
About what percentage of Mexico's population is urban?
What role do compadres play in Mexican culture?
Which city in Brazil is home to one of the largest Carnival festivals?
Rio de Janeiro
What religion is prevalent in Central America?
Geographers often use direct observation in their study of the Earth
Human geographers study the relationships between the physical environment and social structures
The Prime Meridian is a line of latitude
Most Americans and Canadians are employed in service industries
Earth's seven large landmasses are called continents
Spanish art forms inspired painting and architecture in colonial Latin America
The Ring of Fire is an area of Earthquake activity in the Indian Ocean
Population density is the average number of people living on a square mile or square kilometer of land
The Great Plains are a treeless expanse of grasses
Supercells have been known to deposit several feet of snow on the Rocky Mountains each year
The northeastern United States has a humid continental climate
In a market economy, the government makes most production decisions
The switch from heavy industries to service industries has given Great Lakes cities an economic base
The subregion of Middle America includes the area from Mexico to Panama
There are no Protestants in Central America and the Caribbean today
European countries set up colonies in Latin America to gain wealth for their home countries