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MIS Final Review 3
Terms in this set (76)
The term ________ refers to the process of creating and maintaining information systems.
Which of the following is not a true statement regarding the development of an information system?
Information systems development is exclusively a technical task undertaken by programmers and technical specialists.
__________________ is the process of creating and maintaining information systems.
Developing an information system involves all five components: hardware, software, data, procedures, and ________.
Which of the below is the system component involving program development?
Which is not a function performed by a business manager?
Business managers take care of hardware, program, or data problems.
In many IS development projects, it is difficult for the users of the system to define what they want in the new system. Which of the challenges of IS development does this reflect?
The difficulty of requirements determination
The adage known as _________ states that adding more people to a late project makes the project later.
Which of the following is NOT a difficulty faced by systems analysts and project managers of systems development projects?
There is a lack of incentives for building new systems
Which is not a major challenge to Systems Development?
According to Brooks' Law "adding ________ to a late project makes the project ______"
More people; later
Requirements change as the system is developed, and the ___________ the system and the _________ the project, the more the requirements change.
The first phase of the SDLC in which we begin to understand management's statement of the need for the new system is ________.
The phase of the SDLC in which errors are fixed and changes are made to adapt the system to the changing business needs is ________.
Which phase of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) produces the system that users can actually use?
In which phase of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) does an analyst start building the design?
Which of the below SDLC phase comes just after the system definition phase?
Over time, users will find errors, mistakes, and problems. They will also develop new requirements. The description of fixes and new requirements is input into a system maintenance phase. The maintenance phase starts the process all over again, which is why the process is considered ________.
A cyclical process
The tasks of the systems definition phase include all of the following except:
The four dimensions of feasibility that are used to evaluate projects include all of the following except ________.
All of the following are listed as IS feasibility considerations EXCEPT ________.
Which of the below is not a task performed in system definition phase?
Define user requirements
______________ is difficult to determine because it is hard to estimate the time it will take to build the system.
_____________ refers to whether existing information technology is likely to be able to meet the needs of the new system.
One key element in systems development that is critical to success is:
The active involvement of users
A key to conceptualizing requirements involves creating a model of the system, known as a _______.
The primary purpose of the requirements analysis phase of the SDLC is to ________.
Determine and document the specific features and functions of the new system
Which statement is false with respect to a prototype?
Parts of prototype can be reused in requirements gathering
The easiest and cheapest time to alter the information system is in the _______________.
Which phase happens after the approval of user requirements?
The most essential input into component design is __________.
Approved user requirements
A team creating procedures to be followed in the event of a major service disruption is producing __________ procedures
Which of the following is NOT a normal activity of the system development team during component design?
Building the CPU and disk drive
For PRIDE, what is an important decision as it relates to software design?
Where application processing will occur
As it relates to procedure design, companies should design procedures for whom?
Users and operations personnel
Which of the following is not a task in component design?
Design the implementation
Outlining the normal sequences of user actions and the incorrect user actions is a part of developing a _______.
Switching over to a new system in one dramatic step is termed ___________.
The input to the system implementation phase of the SDLC is a complete set of ________.
Systems design specifications
What is a sequence of actions that users take when using the new system?
Which of the following is not a way to implement a system conversion?
Which of the following is not a process in implementation as it relates to the five-component model?
Determine hardware specifications
The theme of systems maintenance is:
Fix and adapt
A collection of changes to an existing system are sometimes called a _______.
The purpose of a service pack is to provide ________.
a group of fixes intended to solve low-priority software problems
What is the last phase of the SDLC?
What happens in the SDLC process when there is a decision to enhance a system with a small fix?
The SDLC process restarts
What is a common industry practice when shipping software?
To ship software with known defects
A problem revealed by the waterfall nature of the SDLC is ________.
projects often require crawling back up the waterfall and repeating work
In today's environment, organizations frequently seek to develop systems using an alternative to the SDLC known as the _________ methodologies.
What is one of the problems in using the SDLC process?
The waterfall nature of the process.
Projects that spend too much time documenting requirements are said to be in__________.
Which of the following is an example of an Agile technique?
What is a methodology that develops systems through a series of small, manageable chunks?
Why is the systems development life cycle (SDLC) process falling out of favor in the systems development community?
Systems requirements are fuzzy and always changing, and business needs change or technology offers other possibilities.
Who decided that the SDLC would be used for all software contracts, thus causing the SDLC method to gain popularity?
U.S. Department of Defense
Which list contains the correct principles of agile development?
Expect, even welcome, changes in requirements; frequently deliver working version of the product; work closely with customer for the duration; design as yougo; test as you go; the team knows best how it's doing/how to change; can be used for applications/information systems and business process development.
Which is a principle of agile development?
Test as you go
Who developed the agile development methodology of scrum?
Jeff Sutherland, Jeff McKenna, and John Scumniotales
When is a SCRUM project complete?
When the project runs out of money
In SCRUM, requirements are specified in a particular manner. What is one common format to express requirements?
Who does what and why
What makes SCRUM innovative?
The way the tasks are scheduled
Which answer below contains an accurate characteristic of a large-scale systems development project?
Databases with hundreds of tables, dozens to hundreds of relationships, and terabytes of data
What can smaller companies do that may not be simple for a larger company when it comes to implementing projects?
Implement projects in a more informal manner.
Systems development projects require the balancing of three critical drivers. What are they?
Requirements (scope), cost, and time
Why would a company use a baseline?
It gives them a starting plan for the project.
What certification does the Project Management Institute (PMI) offer?
Project Management Professional (PMP) certification
Which of the following is not a knowledge area in the dimensions of project management?
What is a hierarchy of the tasks required to complete a project called?
Work breakdown structure (WBS)
What happens if a task on the critical path is late?
The project will be late
254. What is the biggest challenge in planning systems development?
What is one reason why projects run late?
What are the four different factors from which challenges arise while managing large-scale systems development projects?
Coordination, diseconomies of scale, configuration control, unexpected events
A set of policies, practices, and tools used to control a project's resources is referred to as:
What is the single most important task for users on a systems development project?
Responsibilities for requirements
Which statement is true about information systems?
Information systems help companies achieve goals.
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