institutions and processes through which public policies are made for society. typically maintains a national defense, procides goods and services, collects taxes, and preserves order. Also socializes the young
Two basic questions of government
How should we govern? What should government do?
The process by which we select our government leaders and what policies they produce. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues.
Policy making system
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time
interests, problems, concerns
channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. These include political parties, elections, news and entertainment media.
Issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and arise when peole disagree about problems and how to fix them. Policy agendas change regularily
Policy making institutions
ranches of government charged with taking action on political issues (Legislative, executive, courts, bureaucracies
Every decision that government makes, a law it passes, a budget it extablishes, and even a decision not to act on an issues
Impact of politcies
Policy impacts carry the political system back to its point of origin - the concerns of the people
system of electing poicymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and resonds to the public preferences
Components of Traditional Democratic Theory
Equality in voting, effective participation, enlightened understanding, citizen control
Challenges to Democracy
Increased Technical expertise, limited participation in government, escalating campaign costs, diverse political itnerests (policy gridlock)
An overall set of values widely shared within a society