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Test January 29, 2010 This is just the packet that he gave us and I had to take out the questions that had EXCEPT in them

Comanche chief who led his people to a reservation


Kiowa chief known as the "Orator of the plains"


Kiowa cheif who urged his people to accept Anglo ways

Kicking Bird

Kiowas chief who called for war to avenge his sons death

Lone Wolf

Comanche chief who felt his people must be free to roam the plains

Ten Bears

Native Americans usually had the advantage in battles with the U.S. Army until

the Colt pistol was invented

the land north of Texas, which is present-day Oklahoma was called

Indian Territory

the Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek was signed in


a connected series of military operations is called a


general who favored killing buffalo as a means of defeating the Plains people

Philip Sheridan

Civil War veteran who led the Fourth Cavalry regiment

Ranald S. Mackenzie

Quaker agent for the Indian Territory

Lawrie Tatum

Texas Ranger who led the Frontier Battalion during the Red River campaign

John B. Jones

Comanche leader who settled disputes among native American nations

Quannah Parker

After a two-week our of Texas, General Sherman became convinced that

the Peace Policy was not successful

Stricking Eagle said that Native Americans viewed the buffalo as their


After the Battle of Adobe Walls, the Comanches, Kiowas, Cheyennes, and other Plains people

increased attacks on the Fronteir

The most decisive battle of the Red River campaign was at

Palo Duro Canyon

The first African American to graduate from West Pint Military Academy

Henry Ossian Flipper

led a band of Apache warriors on raids in Texas, Mexico, and New Mexico


commanded the "buffalo soldiers"

Benjamin H. Grierson

crossed the Rio Grande in search of Kickapoo raiders

Colonel Mackenzie

commanded the Special Forces of the Texas Rangers

L.H. McNelly

The Native Americans who raided settlements along the Rio Grande after 1875 were the

Apaches and Kickapoos

the end of the wars in the American West also marked the end of

Native Americans' way of life

African American troops were nicknamed "buffalo soldiers" by




person who moves cattle or sheep to market


fat of cattle and sheep used in soap and candles




ranch hand who takes care of saddle horses


The Spanish brought the first cattle to America in the


Expansion of the railroads after the Civil war made it easier for Texas ranchers to get their herds to stockyards in

St. Louis and Chicago

Because of complaints in the state, new cattle


the catle trail that passed through New Mexico and Colorado

Goodnight-Loving Trail

rancher who expanded a South Texas ranch to 1 million acres by 1925

Henrietta King

independent, experienced female rancher

Elizabeth Johnson Willson

the most successful inventor of barbed wire

J.F. Glidden

newspaper reporter and rancher who encouraged people to raise sheep in Texas

George Wilkins Kendall

pioneer African American cowhand

Bones Hooks

Crossbreeding sheep from the East and from Mexico gave a breed that

produced triple the amount of wool

Cattle ranchers complained that sheep were running the open range

they ate the grass too low

Large ranches owned by Mexican Americans were mainly located in South Texas between

the Rio Grande and Nueces River

Mexican American shepherds were called


farmer who pays rent for land wither in cash or in shares of the crop

tenant farmer

farming town that developed on the Texas and Pacific Railroad line


farm product for which Texas led the entire nation


farming town that developed on the Fort Worth and Denver Railroad line


farmer who does not provide his own tools


Necause Texas had a dry climate, farmers developed a technique called

dry farming

a crop surplus can prevent farmers form making a profit because

it can lower prices

the group most resposible for the growth of Texas into a state dotted with small towns by the late 1800s was


After the Civil War, most African Americans became


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