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Unit 1 F16
Terms in this set (90)
An institution can be defined as any:
organization or activity that is self-perpetuating and valued for its own sake
Politics is defined in the text as the:
struggle in any group for the power to make decisions for the larger group
What is inductive reasoning?
the means by which we from studying a case to generating a hypothesis
Which of the following could be considered a major challenge faced by political scientists in their use of the comparative method?
the difficulty in controlling variables
Which of the following could be an example of selection bias?
studying causes for the emergence of democracy by looking only at case studies where democracy emerged
Endogeneity refers to:
the problem of distinguishing cause from effect
A major criticism of comparative politics at the turn of the twentieth century was that it:
was descriptive rather than explanatory
Which of the following served as a major modern turning point for the study of comparative politics?
the growth of European countries as colonial powers
Modernization theory can be defined as the view that:
as societies develop, they will become capitalist democracies
The shift in comparative politics away from political institutions (such as legislature and constitutions) and toward individual political behavior is known as:
One big rift within the study of comparative politics is:
quantitative versus qualitative research
Which of the following statements about game theory is accurate:
It assumes rational, predictable behavior by individual human beings
Recent discussions of the future of comparative politics and political science have called for:
a greater connection to real-world concerns and contribution to the ideals of civic life
Which of the following is true of the concept of political institutions?
U.S democracy is an institution in both formal and informal ways
A greater focus on individual freedom is most likely to require:
a smaller state
A greater focus on collective equality is associated with:
greater government control of private economic assets
The substance of politics is inevitably bound up in the struggle between:
individual freedom and collective equality
Which of the following forms of research or date would more likely be used by an quantitative research study than a qualitative research study?
In which of the following ways do quantitative research differ from qualitative research?
If favors a wider use of cases not restricted by area specialization
In which of the following ways does behavioralism differ from modernization theory?
It was more of a method than a general hypothesis
Political scientist, based on the work of Max Weber, define the state as:
an organization that maintains a monopoly of violence over a territory
Sovereignty is defined as the ability of:
states to carry out actions or policies within a territory independent of external actors of internal rivals
What phenomenon is most responsible for bring the organization of the modern state into adoption by most of the world?
increased international commerce and trade
Which of the following can be said about the concept of a regime?
The differences between regimes are most likely to be unwritten and informal, though they can appear in written constitutions
Thomas Hobbes believed that people gave up their rights to the coercive power of the state in order to:
Government can be defined as:
the leadership that runs the state
The shorthand term for the combination of regime, state and government is:
In which of the following ways does a government built primarily on charismatic legitimacy differ from on based on traditional legitimacy?
Charismatic legitimacy would likely be much more short-lived
Which of the following can be said about the relationships among states, regimes, and governments?
States are more institutional than governments
Asymmetric federalism refers to a system in which power is divided unevenly between:
Recent research suggest that the rise of political organizations came about in large part because:
pre-state societies were extremely violent
The emergence of the modern state is closely tied to which of the following specific developments?
the collapse of the Roman Empire
Which of the following is most likely a reason for the emergence of the modern state in Europe rather than in another region
the widespread collapse of law and civilization and the rise of a form of organized crime
The development of the modern state in Europe was partly encouraged by:
linguistic and ethnic fragmentations
An institution that is recognized and accepted as right and proper by the public is seen as:
Which of the following list Max Weber's three forms of political legitimacy?
traditional, charismatic, and rational-legal
Modern states are built primarily on what for of legitimacy?
The text suggests that the difficulty of amending the U.S. constitution is evidence of the power of:
Which of the following characteristics is more likely to be seen in a unitary state than in a federalist state?
limited local policymaking
Capacity can be defined as the:
ability of the state to wield power in order to carry out the basic tasks of providing security and reconciling freedom and equality
Devolution is a process by which states:
move power from the central state to local levels
Autonomy can be defined as the ability of a state to:
wield power independent of the public or international actors
Which of the following best characterizes the nature of the conflict of recent years in Afghanistan?
Why might the term patriotic fail to characterize the Palestinian people?
Patriotism refers to pride in one's state, Palestinians lack a forma state
Ethnic identity can be defined as:
a set of institutions that bind people together through a common culture
Which of the following concepts is held in common by both communist ideology and liberal and social democratic ideology but is lacking in fascist ideology?
a belief in the potential of individuals
Ascription occurs when:
a particular quality or characteristic is assigned at birth
Which of the following statements about fundamentalism is accurate?
Fundamentalists seek to solve the problems of the modern world
Which of the following statements about ethnicity is accurate?
Ethnic solidarity can lessen willingness to share resources with groups that are ethnically different
An institution that binds people together through common political aspirations is:
In Ronald Inglehart's conception of political culture, what form of society stands in opposition to a traditional society?
Which of the following is one of the two most important components of national identity?
National Identity is:
often derived from ethnic identity
Citizenship is best defined as:
an individual's or a group's relation to the state
Political culture can be defined as:
a society's norms for political activity
Which of the following statements about citizenship, national identity, and patriotism is accurate?
Citizenship is likely to be more flexible than ethnic identity
Which of the following concepts has the most potential to be inclusive or flexible?
In which of the following ways do both conservatives and liberals differ from radicals?
They do not see the need for change in the current system
A state that encompasses one dominant nation that is claims to embody and represent is known as:
Which of the following concepts of phenomena was first and most directly connected to state development?
growing ethnic identity
In which of the following ways does national conflict differ from ethnic conflict?
National conflict has an independent state as a core goal; ethnic conflict does not
Political attitudes refers to views regarding:
the necessary pace and scope of change in the balance between freedom and equality
Radicals are those in the political spectrum who favor:
dramatic change of the existing order
Conservatives are those in the political spectrum who favor:
Little or no change to existing institutions
Reactionaries are those in the political spectrum who favor:
restoring structures and values that they believe once existed
A person following a liberal ideology would likely approve of:
a low degree of state autonomy
______ are the most fundamental components of political economy.
Markets and property
Markets can best be defined as:
the interactions between the forces of supply and demands
In the United States, the government cannot take a citizen's property without just cause and compensation. This is an example of:
a property right
Public goods are best defined as:
goods, provided or secured by the state, that are available for society and indivisible
Which of the following would be considered a public good in the United States?
What is the oldest of the political-economic systems, and what system first rose to challenge it?
mercantilism, first challenged by liberalism
In which of the following ways do bother communism and mercantilism differ from liberalism?
They have high state autonomy and capacity
The total market value of all good and products produced in a year is known as:
the gross domestic product
The _____ is in charge of regulating the supply of money in a country.
Extremely tight control over the money supply may result in ______, a condition that has plagued Japan since 1998.
What is a primary tactic used by central banks to combat inflation?
raising interest rates
When governments print more money because they lack revenue, one result may be:
Taxes on imported goods are known as:
Restrictions that limit the quantities of foreign goods coming into a country are an example of:
Since the major economic downturn of the last decade, on trend in the U.S, Canada, and Japan has been:
a reverse or economic liberalization
Liberalism view of the relationship between freedom and equality favors:
freedom over equality
Social democracy can be defined as a system that:
attempts to balance freedom and equality
Over the past two decades, most countries around the world have:
increased economic liberalization
Which of the following statements about neocorporatism is accurate?
Neocorporatism involves a greater role for organized labor in economic policy than in the liberal model
Which political-economic system views private property as a form of exploitation?
The Gini index is one way that social scientist measure:
the amount of economic inequality in a society
Mercantilism is best associated with which of the following policies?
Which political-economic system views the economy as an instrument to serve state power and national sovereignty?
Purchasing power parity is a way to measure:
the buying power of income across countries
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