36 terms

Urban Studies Study Guide

STUDY
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Carceral City
Excessive police power
City as a Growth Machine
Politian, investor, real-estate brokers who all promote growth in the city
Diversity
People of different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds
Concentric Zones Model
Mapped the location of neighborhoods and groups (primarily the spatial and social residences of Western Europeans) and the dominant social organization (in contrast to the Tönnies and Simmel) AND theorized that the central portions of the city were the most valuable (hence, the rise and development of the central business district)
David Harvey
A geographer in the Marxist tradition; critiqued globalization
Deindustrialization
Decline in industrial activity
Drive-in Culture
Cars becoming a central part of development and planning
Ecological footprint
the amount of resources needed to suporrt dense human settlements
Edge City
suburban areas that consist of commercial and residential land uses
Environmental justice
In the US the environmental justice movement has been led by Dr. Robert Bullard who organized his reserch based on the idea that "everybody has a right to live in an environment that is free from pollution
Friedrich Tonnies
a German social theorist who conceptualized Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
Gated Community
a community with a gate
Gemeinschaft
community
Gentrification
displacement of one group of people (usually disadvantaged) for a replacement by another group (usually advantaged)
Gesellschaft
society
Ghetto
racialized segregated neighborhood
Growth Coalition
group seeking the growth of a city
Jacob Riis
focused much of his work on the Five Points area of New York city, an area of lower Manhattan where immigrants settled after coming to the United States
Jane Jacobs
an advocate for the vibrancy of small, neighborhood places
LULU (locally unwanted land use)
usually older industrial and infrastructure projects
Manuel Castells
Critiqued older forms of urban thinking (such as The Chicago School of Sociology - said they missed the central feature of modern society and thus the modern city)
Place Attachment
either an individual's or group's deep emotional connection to a place
Primate City
largest city in a country by far (London is an example)
Private Space/Public Space
privately owned land vs. land open to the public
Redlining
the refusal to issue mortgages and loans to neighborhoods, particularly minority neighborhoods (drew a red line around the neighborhood)
Robert Moses
keep the city large and thriving, for the wealthy
Streetcar Suburb
residential communities and subdivision developed as a result of streetcar line
Suburbanization
movement of populations of cities to the suburbs; stimulated by the FHA and HOLC
Sustainability
refers to the ability of systems to endure and meet current needs without compromising the needs of future generations
Tax Increment Financing
tool for cities to finance urban revitalization
Uneven development
some parts of a city will develop more than others
Urban Enclave
immigrant settlement
Urban renewal/redevelopment
government attempting to rebuild; often displaced the poor
Urbanism as a way of life
coined by Louis Wirth
Urbanization
movement of people into cities
Use value/Exchange value
value people place on the ability to use something/monetary value
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