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Terms in this set (30)
first person to confess to witchcraft
a person who accuses his neighbors of witchcraft and later gets their land
was probably jealous of women with large families since seven of her babies died
works for Proctors at the time of the trials; Abigail accuses this person of being a spirit in a yellow bird, though this person had been one of the afflicted
Thou shalt not commit adultery
the commandment John Proctor forgot
poppet with needle in it
evidence found against Elizabeth Proctor
pressed to death
this is how Giles Corey dies
to save John's reputation
this is why Elizabeth lies
o The part of a play which comes before the climax
o Example: In Act II when many characters have been charged with witchcraft, and others are falling under suspicion.
o A figure of speech in which one thing is described in terms of another
"He let the cat out of the bag" can be an example of Proctor's confession.
"This farm's a continent when you go foot by foot droppin' seeds in it."
o The principal actor or character; the equivalent of the hero
o Example: Proctor may be looked at as the protagonist he is a respected character with a past sin who protects the reputation of others but suffers a downfall
o In drama the antagonist opposes the hero or protagonist
o Example: Abigail may be looked at as the antagonist because she uses her new power in the town to get rid of Elizabeth despite Proctor's efforts to save her.
o A character who is presented as a contrast to a second character so as to point to or show to advantage some aspect of the second character
o Example: Parris and his selfish actions can be seen as a foil for Proctor and his selfless attempt to save his wife and neighbors in Act III
o The part of the play at which a crisis is reached and resolution achieved.
o Example: When Proctor rips the confession he has signed and refuses to discredit others
o Those events which form the outcome of the climax of a play.
o Example: Proctor sees that he can do something good by not confessing to witchcraft.
o Comic episodes, usually in tragedy, aimed to relieve the tension and heighten the tragic element by contrast.
o Example: Giles Corey is looked at as the comic relief in the play because even though he is brutally tortured by having crushingly heavy stones place on his chest, the only thing Giles he says is "More weight."
o At the beginning of his play the dramatist is often committed to giving a certain amount of essential information about the plot and the events which are to come.
o Example: The reader becomes aware of the tension between Abigail and Elizabeth when Abigail states that she is hated by her because she refuses to be her slave.
o Language device, either in spoken or written form in which the real meaning is concealed or contradicted by the literal meanings of the words.
o Example: The statement "So now they and their church found it necessary to deny any other sect its freedom, lest their New Jerusalem be defiled and corrupted by wrong and deceitful ideas" is ironic because The Puritans came to the New World seeking religious freedom and then denied it to anyone who had different views than they.
o A situation in which there is an incongruity between what is expected and what occurs
o Example: Elizabeth Proctor lying about her husband's lechery when the audience already knows that Proctor has revealed the truth and lying will only hurt him.
o The where and when of a story or play; the locale.
The setting of the play moves from private in Reverend Parris' home to public in the courtroom.
The Puritans associated the forest with disorder and evil
the protagonist of the play. A stern, harsh-tongued man, John hates hypocrisy. Nevertheless, he has a hidden sin—his affair with Abigail Williams—that proves his downfall. His behavior is questioned by Hale because Proctor rarely attends church, he does not know all of his commandments, and his youngest son is not baptized. In the end he refuses to sign the confession because he refuses to ruin the good name of others and his good name is all he and his sons have left.
the antagonist of the play. Abigail was once the servant for the Proctor household, but Elizabeth Proctor fired her after she discovered that Abigail was having an affair with her husband. The trouble of the play began when Abigail tried to conjure a spell to kill Goody Proctor and was caught in the forest with other girls from the village. Her character is developed in the play by stage directions, her words to others, and her words about others. Abigail is a proud and manipulative character.
Reverend John Hale
A young minister reputed to be an expert on witchcraft. He comes to Salem to hunt out any witchcraft there. His critical mind and intelligence save him from falling into blind fervor. His arrival sets the hysteria in motion, but by the last act of the play he is convinced that witchcraft does not exist in Salem. Hale tries to convince Proctor to sign a confession because he thinks Proctor's life is more precious than his pride and vanity.
John Proctor's wife. Elizabeth is supremely virtuous, but often cold. Her husband had an affair with Abigail Williams and Elizabeth refuses to find happiness again after the affair. Elizabeth is one of the Salem residents that was arrested after being accused by Abigail. It is found out that she is pregnant and that prevents her from being hanged.
The minister of Salem's church. Reverend Parris is a paranoid, power-hungry, yet oddly self-pitying figure. Many of the townsfolk, especially John Proctor, dislike him, and Parris is very concerned with building his position in the community. Many of his actions throughout the play show that his concern is primarily for himself.
An elderly but feisty farmer in Salem, famous for his tendency to file lawsuits. Giles has "broke charity" with his wife when he betrayed her by revealing that she read strange books. Giles is eventually held in contempt of court and pressed to death with large stones.
Reverend Parris's black slave from Barbados. Tituba agrees to perform voodoo at Abigail's request. Tituba is falsely accused of witchcraft by Abigail and eventually confesses because she wants to save her life. Tituba has "slave sense" that is an instinct as a person in a subordinate position.
Arthur Miller wrote this play in the 1950s during the communist red scare. He wrote this play to inform his audience of what could go wrong when a society starts a paranoid hunt of intolerance.
• Arthur Miller wrote this play in the 1950s during the communist red scare. He wrote this play to inform his audience of what could go wrong when a society starts a paranoid hunt of intolerance.
The setting of The Crucible
around 1690 in Massachusetts
The political reality of the 17th century that influenced the play was
the unity of church and state
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