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American History Mid-term

23 false 30 true 19 A 12 B 16 C 9 D Short answer: - Why were the 1780s so critical in the history of our nation? - What were the major arguments of the Anti-Federalists? - What was the Connecticut Compromise? - What were the Alien and Sedition Acts? - What flaws in the presidential election system became obvious in the elections of 1796 and 1800? - What were the major differences between the Republicans and the Federalists? - What are the two basic principles of the Monroe Doctrine? - List three…
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One outcome of the heated debate over ratification was Madison's promise to introduce a Bill of Rights.
True
Patrick Henry, a leading Patriot during the Revolution, was strongly opposed to the Constitution.
True
The Constitution was eventually ratified unanimously in all thirteen colonies.
False
Checks and balances means "separation of powers."
False
The American Constitution is the first and oldest written constitution in continuous use.
True
One principle that was recognized by the framers of the Constitution was the sinful nature of man.
True
The Constitutional Congress accepted the Virginia Plan over the New Jersey Plan.
False
The small states strongly supported the Virginia Plan.
False
Shay's Rebellion had to to be quelled by military force.
True
George Washington deserves the credit for stopping the Newburgh Conspiracy.
True
George Washington was once offered the chance to become a dictator over the colonies, but he refused.
True
Under the Confederation, the Continental dollar was the only currency printed.
False
A major trouble during the Confederation was an abundance of hard money and a lack of Continental dollars.
False
Jefferson's original proposal to ban slavery in new Northwestern states eventually became law in the Northwest Ordinance.
True
The government under the Confederation was too weak to honor its obligations under the Treaty of Paris.
True
George Washington was the first president elected under the Constitution.
True
The Constitution was ratified in the midst of the American Revolution.
False
The last two major states to ratify the Constitution were Virginia and:
New York
Who was not one of the authors of The Federalist Papers?
Patrick Henry
Who said, "Thus I consent, Sir, to this Constitution because I expect no better, and because I am not sure, that it is not the best"?
Benjamin Franklin
Who wrote, "If men were angels, no government would be necessary"?
James Madison
What unicameral plan did the small states support at the Constitutional Convention?
New Jersey Plan
What bicameral plan did the large states support at the Constitutional Convention?
Virginia Plan
What two factions opposed each other over the issue of representation in Congress?
Large states versus small states
Which state refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention and was the last of the original colonies to ratify the Constitution?
Rhode Island
Which of the following issues did not require major debate in the Constitutional Convention?
Power of the executive
Whose ideas provided much of the framework for the Constitution?
James Madison
What was the most important accomplishment of the Annapolis Convention?
Call a new convention to remedy the weakness of the Confederation
What caused Shay's Rebellion?
Unrest over defaulted farm loans
What caused the Newburgh Conspiracy?
Military discontent over back wages
Which of the following best describes the government under the Articles of Confederation?
Unicameral Congress
What decade was probably the most critical in our nation's history?
1780s
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson remained bitter enemies throughout their lives.
False
John Adams appointed numerous federal judges from his party after the opposing party won the election.
True
The election of 1800 between Jefferson and Adams was a gentlemanly contest that rose above party differences.
False
The war with France was called a "Quasi War" because war was never officially declared.
True
John Adams was the first presidential candidate who faced an opponent.
True
Washington proposed that America "steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world."
True
George Washington's administration was free from armed rebellion.
False
Americans almost universally praised the Jay Treaty.
False
Daniel Boone was a fictional character created by an imaginative writer.
False
President Washington fell for Citizen Genet's charm and intrigues.
False
George Washington eagerly sought a second term as president to advance his prestige and power.
False
The Federalists favored a strong central government.
True
The Founding Fathers assumed that political parties would become instrumental in national politics.
False
The Bill of Rights protected individual liberties from state government.
False
The Judiciary Act of 1789 clearly established the supremacy of the federal courts over the states.
True
What party supported the common people and distrusted centralized government?
Republican
What party supported industry and commerce and believed that the government should be run by property owners?
Federalists
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights
After he lost the election of 1800, whom did John Adams pick as the chief justice of the Supreme Court?
John Marshall
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions advocated:
Nullification
The Sedition Acts granted the president the power to:
Prohibit "treasonous" speech
The Alien Acts granted the president the power to:
Expel or imprison immigrants
What situation made Americans willing to accept the Alien and Sedation Acts?
Quasi War
What event encouraged the president to create a Department of the Navy?
Quasi War
With whom did the United States fight an undeclared war during the 1790s?
France
Alexander Hamilton was not nominated as a presidential candidate in the election of 1796 because he:
Had too many enemies
Europeans took advantage of America's weakness during the 1790s by:
Raiding American ships
What caused the Whiskey Rebellion?
Opposition to taxes
The main effect of Jay's treaty was that it:
Averted war with Britain
The United States broke its Treaty of Alliance with France because:
The French had overthrown the old government
Who was generally considered the leader of the early Republican party?
Thomas Jefferson
What issue first opened debate over constitutional interpretation?
Creation of a national bank
What did the South accept in return for locating the national capital in the South?
Assumption of state debts
What Secretary of the Treasury has been called "the greatest administrative genius in America"?
Alexander Hamilton
Which amendment reserves all nondelegated powers to the states and the people?
Tenth
Which amendment is the most fundamental to the Bill of Rights?
First
Which of the following was not accomplished during the first session of Congress?
Proclamation of Neutrality
Who, as the first chief justice of the Supreme Court, negotiated an important peace treaty with Britain?
John Jay
Which of the following was not among the original departments in the executive branch?
Labor
The Republican era was a revolution in almost every sense of the word.
False
Jefferson's first act upon becoming president was to abolish the National Bank.
False
The Monroe Doctrine sill affects America's foreign policy today.
True
The Monroe Doctrine was a joint statement made by the United States and Britain against all other European countries.
False
The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States should take an active part in European affairs.
False
During the darkest days of the War of 1812, the Federalists hinted that the New England states might secede from the Union.
True
Andrew Jackson exceeded his orders when he captured the capital of Florida.
True
After the War of 1812, America withdrew from a deep involvement in European affairs until World War I.
True
The British captured and burned the American capitol during the War of 1812.
True
American naval squadrons won important victories against the British fleet on both Lake Erie and Lake Champlain.
True
America's opening campaign against Canada in the War of 1812 was a disaster.
True
The United States entered the War of 1812 with almost a quarter million troops.
False
Tecumseh was a bloodthirsty savage who tortured prisoners and attacked women and children.
False
While he was still vice president, Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton and was wanted for murder.
True
Lewis and Clark's heroic two-year journey took them from St. Louis all the way to the Pacific coast and back.
True
The government under Thomas Jefferson purchased a tract of land that was larger than the entire United States.
True
The purchase of the Louisiana Territory was contrary to basic Republican ideals.
True
John Marshall strengthened the power and prestige of the Supreme Court.
True
Jefferson attempted to reduce the size of the national government and to eliminate the national debt.
True
Thomas Jefferson was a devout Christian.
False
Jefferson wanted America to remain an agricultural nation.
True
Thomas Jefferson was a vain, ambitious man whose high-handed actions offended the common people.
False
What city did the British capture after they won the Battle of Bladensburg?
Washington DC
What American was the victor at the Battle of New Orleans?
John Marshall
What tract of land did Napoleon Bonaparte sell to the United States?
Louisiana Territory
What influential chief justice of the Supreme Court handed down numerous landmark decisions?
Andrew Jackson
Who was the talented third president of the United States?
Thomas Jefferson
What was the main provision of the Monroe Doctrine?
No European country may intervene in the Western Hemisphere
What treaty established a permanently disarmed region on America's northern border?
Rush-Bagot Treaty
Who was America's popular president during "the Era of Good Feelings"?
James Monroe
What event led to the death of the Federalist party?
Hartford Convention
What is America's national anthem?
"The Star Spangled Banner"
All of the following occurred during "the Era of Good Feelings" except the:
Treaty of Ghent
Andrew Jackson won fame for all of the following victories except the:
Battle of Lake Erie
What well-designed fort prevented the British from capturing Baltimore?
McHenry
Which of the following events occurred last?
Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of _______ was an astounding victory by a makeshift American fleet.
Lake Erie
During what British attack did an American general surrender his entire force without a fight?
Siege of Detroit
Why was the U.S.S.Constitution called "Old Ironsides"?
Enemy cannonballs bounced off its oak sides
What advantage did the United States enjoy at the beginning of the War of 1812?
The British were tied down in a war with Napoleon
Which of the following events occurred last?
The War of 1812
Tecumseh was a threat to the United States because he:
Attempted to unite the Indian tribes into one nation
What was the first state added from the Northwest Territory?
Ohio
All of the following men were explorers except:
Anthony Wayne
What is another word for "necessary and proper" powers?
Implied powers
Jeffersonian Republicans strongly supported:
States' rights
What president said, "Science is my passion, politics my duty"?
Thomas Jefferson