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When was the intertestamental period?
400BC-4BC (from the end of the Hebrew Bible canon to the beginning of NT history)
Why should we study the Intertestamental period?
In order to understand the historical and cultural background and context of the New Testament
Where is Cyrus's decree allowing captives (including Jews) to move back to their homelands mentioned in the Bible?
What was the only nation other than Israel to come back from the dead?
Trick question- there hasn't been any.
The 2nd Jewish Commonwealth refers to what period?
530BC-70AD (time during which the 2nd temple was in existence)
What is the "Samaritan Schism?"
Jews of "mixed blood" weren't recognized by the Jews as true Israelites, and they built a rival temple.
What term describes the Jewish way of life from the post-exilic period onward?
Judaism (it now had racial AND religious aspects)
When did Alexander consolidate the politically divided Greek city-states and assume political leadership of Greece?
Alexander's victory at Gaugamela in 331BC gave him control of what?
the heartland of Persia, all the way tot he Indus River
The Hellenistic Age accelerated the acceptance of what throughout the Mediterranean world?
Greek culture and ideas
Alexander established cultural centers wherever he went for what purpose?
to Hellenize the people he conquered
How would Hellenization later help the Gospel?
Greek was a common language throughout most of the world, so it was easy to transmit/communicate the Gospel to people, even if they were far away.
Which two of Alexander's successors continued to fight over control of Israel in several different wars?
Ptolemy and Seleucid
What is the Septuagint?
A Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible developed for the large Jewish population living in Alexandria, Egypt.
What two factions developed among the Jews under the Seleucids?
the House of Onias and the House of Tobias
Who was Antiocus Epiphanies?
very corrupt king of the Seleucid Empire who committed the Abomination of Desolation
What was the Abomination of Desolation?
when Antiocus Epiphanies desecrated the Temple in December 167BC by erecting an altar in the Holy of Holies and sacrificing pigs to Zeus
Who was Mattathias?
An old priest from Modein who sparked the Maccabean rebellion by refusing to sacrifice to the Greek gods, killing the Jew who tried to, and attacking the Seleucid messenger who told him to.
Who was Judah?
Mattathias's son who took over leadership of the revolt, recaptured (and restored) the Temple in Jerusalem
Why was it bad that Jonathan was appointed high priest?
He wasn't a Levite, and he was already the political ruler.
Who was the first Hasmonean king who established the Hasmonean Dynasty?
Simon, (Mattathias's son and Jonathan and Judah's brother)
Why was being the king and the high priest a bad thing?
God had commanded Israel not to combine the positions
What's the miracle of Hannakuh? (Dr. Rabinowitz's answer)
How God helped a little rag-tag group of gys fight off (and beat!) one of the toughest armies around
What are six things the Maccabean Revolt did for the Jewish nation?
rescued them from political/religious destruction, sowed seeds for corruption of high pristesthood, stirred spirit of unity/Jewish nationalism, rekindled Messianic expectations, precipitated development of Sadducees and Pharisees, and renewed domination by a foreign power.
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