Honors world studies semester 1 turman
Terms in this set (97)
Lines of latitude run which way?
Lines of longtitude run which way?
What is the starting point for latitude?
What is the starting point for longitude?
What name is the old Stone Age also known by?
What name is the New Stone Age also known by?
What two things were developed to change people from hunters-gathers to staying in one place?
Agriculture. Domestication of animals
4 ancient civilizations and rivers they started by.
Egypt (Nile River)
India (Indus River)
Mesopotamia (Tigris and Euphrates Rivers)
China (yellow river)
8 reasons why water was important to ancient civilizations
Drinking, irrigation, transportation, trades, entertainment, for cooking, for cleaning, protection.
What did Hammurabi develop?
The code of Hammurabi
Who was Imhotep?
The person who came up the construction of the pyramid, the engineer of pyramid.
Where are the great pyramids located?
Which ways does the Nike river flow?
Where is upper Egypt?
Where is lower Egypt?
What is a vizier?
The pharaoh' advisor.
What does polytheism mean?
Believe in more than one God.
Who was Amon-ra?
God of the sun
Who was the first female pharaoh?
Who was the god of the underworld in Egyptian belief?
What type of writing was used in ancient Egypt?
What 3 languages were on the Rosetta Stone?
Hieroglyphics, demotic, Greek
What are three other names for Mesopotamia?
Birth places of civilization.
Land between rivers.
What is a ziggurat? What are they made out of?
A pyramid-temple that soared toward the heaven. Clave bricks.
Which people made up the first alphabet?
What is the name for the big temples built in Mesopotamia?
How many kingdoms were there in ancient Egypt?
From what civilization was the epic of Gilgamesh from?
How many laws were in the code of Hammurabi?
What is civil law?
A law concerned with private relations between members of a community.
What group developed iron working?
A column in the shape of a man
Column in the shape of a woman
A row of columns
Post and lintel
Two posts that hold up a beam or lintel
The slight bulge in a column that gives it strength
Vertical grooves in a column
The triangular space above the beam or lintel, formed by the peak
Leader of Crete
Wife of King Minos
Prince of Athen. Goes to the labyrinth and kills the Minotaur
One of King Minos' daughters, fell in love with Theseus.
The person who constructs the labyrinth for the Minotaur.
King of Athens
Half human half bull.
How did Socrates die?
Sentenced to death
Who studied under him?
Name the school Aristotle began
Name the school Plato began
What was the Socratic method
A series of questions to find answers. Through this method the questioner tries to get the other to contradict himself
The alliance of athen
The alliance of sparta
The book Plato writes
Myth of the apple of discord
the goddess Eris tossed in the midst of the feast of the gods at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis as a prize of beauty, thus sparking a vanity-fueled dispute among Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite.
Younger son of Priam, the smart and eloquent prince
Older son of Priam, Troy's champion.
King of Sparta, husband of Helen
Great Champion of Greek.
Helen of troy
Wife of Menelaus, most beautiful woman in the world.
Greek soldiers hided in it.
King of Troy
Life in sparta
harsh, new-born babies need to be examined, boys leave with parents until seven and then were sent to military school and became soldiers at the age of 20, became citizens at 30, retired at 60. Girls live with their parents until marriage.
Life in athens
Men were the only people considered citizens, men were the only ones allowed a formal education. Women spent most of their lives in the house. They weaved, cooked, trained the slaves, sewed, and raised the children. Boys went to school to learn to read, writing, and memorize the works of philosophers. Girls stayed at home with their mothers and learned what they would need to have a house of their own.
King of Persia
King of Persia, Darius' son, fought in the 2nd Persian War.
King of Sparta. Fought in the 2nd Persian War
The naval general of Athen during the 2nd Persian war.
Battle of marathon
Phedippides ran 42 km to announce their victory.
Battle of Thermopylae
2nd Persian War. Persian won.
Leaders of persia
Brought by Alexander, was a period of great cultural and academic.
Expanded Macedonian territory, conquered all city-states except Sparta, was killed by Pausanius during his daughter's wedding.
Persian historian. "Father of History"
Invented plane and spherical trigonometry, predicted eclipse of the moon and sun.
City-states ruled by kings - ruled by landholding elites - ruled by business class - ruled by people
Alexander the Great - where from - conquered what?
Macedonia, Persia, Egypt and India
Hellenistic period - what 4 cultures?
Greek, Egyptian, Persian, Indian
Raised up wolf, killed Remus, whom Rome is named after.
Rhea's son, raised up by wolf, killed by his brother Romulus
Hannibal and Carthage - what wars were fought between them and Rome?
The Punic wars.
The first triumvirate in rome
Caesar, Crassus, Pompey
Julius Caesar - how did he die? When?
He was stabbed to death at the age of 56.
Who was the mastermind behind the plot to kill Caesar?
Cleopatra from where? Who was her lover?
General of Roman army, part of 2nd triumvirate.
The second triumvirate in rome
Octavian, Lepidus, Antony
Roman 1st Christian emperor, legalized Christianity, move the capital of Rome to Constantinople.
Divided the Roman Empire in two parts
River that Rome is founded on
Who is the first emperor of Rome?
Time of roman peace, from the death of Octavian to the death of Marcus Aurelius
Virgil and the book he wrote
a roman writer. The Aeneid
Nero and Caligula
Nero is blamed for a fire that destroyed half of Rome. Caligula appointed a horse as his chief adviser and member of the senate
What empire remained in the eastern half of the Roman Empire?
What year marked the official "fall of Rome"?
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see other quizlet