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words used to describe objects,activities and other aspects of Christmas


the month before Christmas and the arrival of Jesus.

advent calendar

a special calendar used to count down the days to Christmas and which usually has small doors you can open for each day.


the town in Israel where Jesus was born

Boxing Day

December 26th, the day after Christmas when all the stores have big sales.


a stick of wax with a string through the middle, which you burn to give light


a vertical pipe that allows smoke from a fire to pass out of a building up into the air,

Santa Claus traditionally enters a house through the chimney


to make something more attractive by adding ornaments, flowers, a tree, colour etc.


to show that an event is important by doing something special

People celebrate Christmas by giving each other gifts and eating a big turkey dinner.

Christmas cake

a rich fruit cake covered with marzipan and icing, eaten at Christmas

Christmas carol

a joyful traditional song sung at Christmas. Singers visit people's houses at Christmas to sing carols and collect money, usually for charity.

Christmas Eve

the 24th of December, the evening or the day before Christmas.


a decorated cardboard tube wrapped in paper that makes a big noise (crack) and releases a small gift when two people pull it apart.


evergreen tree with red berries used for decoration at Christmas


A small green flower which is hung from the ceiling around Christmas time. When two people walk under the mistletoe at the same time, they have to kiss each other.

fairy lights

small lights that people hang on a Christmas tree.


a decoration such as a small ball, toy or piece of chocolate that people hang on a Christmas tree.


period extending from December 24th to January 6th


a container ( usually in a barn or a stable) from which cattle or horses feed. According to the Bible, Jesus was born in a stable and slept in a manger.

Christmas stocking

a long sock which children leave in their house on Christmas Eve to be filled with presents


lengths of glittering string which we hang on the Christmas tree


if a star or light twinkles, it shines in the dark with an unsteady light:

Santa Claus

an imaginary old man with a white beard, and a red suit who brings presents to children on Christmas Eve. ( also called Father Christmas )

secret Santa

a person who chooses a name from a hat and keeps the name secret, but who buys a gift for that person. The person who receives the gift does not know the name of the "secret" gift giver.


small people who work in Santa's workshop


a large deer with antlers who live in cold climates and who pull Santa's sleigh

Santa's sleigh

vehicle used to transport toys to all the good girls and boys


a custom, or way of doing something that has existed for a long time,

stocking stuffers

a small Christmas present included in the Christmas stocking


a circle of leaves or flowers that people use to decorate their houses at Christmas


the christmas season, the christmas season

yuletide log

a log you put on the fire at Christmas time


a bitter and/or greedy person; from Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, an elderly stingy miser who is given a reality check by 3 visiting ghosts

Jack Frost

a personification of frost or winter weather


a figure of a person made of packed snow

Auld Lang Syne

a traditional Scottish song, customarily sung on New Year's Eve; the title means "Old time past."


joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival

festive season

the Christmas season


new information about specific and timely events

glad tidings

happy news about something specific, especially used at Christmas to announce Jesus' birth


to express great joy

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