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Christmas Vocabulary

words used to describe objects,activities and other aspects of Christmas
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advent
the month before Christmas and the arrival of Jesus.
advent calendar
a special calendar used to count down the days to Christmas and which usually has small doors you can open for each day.
Bethlehem
the town in Israel where Jesus was born
Boxing Day
December 26th, the day after Christmas when all the stores have big sales.
candle
a stick of wax with a string through the middle, which you burn to give light
chimney
a vertical pipe that allows smoke from a fire to pass out of a building up into the air,

Santa Claus traditionally enters a house through the chimney
decorate
to make something more attractive by adding ornaments, flowers, a tree, colour etc.
celebrate
to show that an event is important by doing something special

People celebrate Christmas by giving each other gifts and eating a big turkey dinner.
Christmas cake
a rich fruit cake covered with marzipan and icing, eaten at Christmas
Christmas carol
a joyful traditional song sung at Christmas. Singers visit people's houses at Christmas to sing carols and collect money, usually for charity.
Christmas Eve
the 24th of December, the evening or the day before Christmas.
cracker
a decorated cardboard tube wrapped in paper that makes a big noise (crack) and releases a small gift when two people pull it apart.
holly
evergreen tree with red berries used for decoration at Christmas
mistletoe
A small green flower which is hung from the ceiling around Christmas time. When two people walk under the mistletoe at the same time, they have to kiss each other.
fairy lights
small lights that people hang on a Christmas tree.
ornament
a decoration such as a small ball, toy or piece of chocolate that people hang on a Christmas tree.
noel
period extending from December 24th to January 6th
manger
a container ( usually in a barn or a stable) from which cattle or horses feed. According to the Bible, Jesus was born in a stable and slept in a manger.
Christmas stocking
a long sock which children leave in their house on Christmas Eve to be filled with presents
tinsel
lengths of glittering string which we hang on the Christmas tree
twinkle
if a star or light twinkles, it shines in the dark with an unsteady light:
Santa Claus
an imaginary old man with a white beard, and a red suit who brings presents to children on Christmas Eve. ( also called Father Christmas )
secret Santa
a person who chooses a name from a hat and keeps the name secret, but who buys a gift for that person. The person who receives the gift does not know the name of the "secret" gift giver.
elves
small people who work in Santa's workshop
reindeer
a large deer with antlers who live in cold climates and who pull Santa's sleigh
Santa's sleigh
vehicle used to transport toys to all the good girls and boys
tradition
a custom, or way of doing something that has existed for a long time,
stocking stuffers
a small Christmas present included in the Christmas stocking
wreath
a circle of leaves or flowers that people use to decorate their houses at Christmas
yuletide
the christmas season, the christmas season
yuletide log
a log you put on the fire at Christmas time
Scrooge
a bitter and/or greedy person; from Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, an elderly stingy miser who is given a reality check by 3 visiting ghosts
Jack Frost
a personification of frost or winter weather
snowman
a figure of a person made of packed snow
Auld Lang Syne
a traditional Scottish song, customarily sung on New Year's Eve; the title means "Old time past."
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
festive season
the Christmas season
tidings
new information about specific and timely events
glad tidings
happy news about something specific, especially used at Christmas to announce Jesus' birth
rejoice
to express great joy