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YMCA CPR Exam I
Terms in this set (30)
You are caring for a child who is unresponsive but breathing normally. No trauma is suspected, and the scene is safe. You want to protect the child's open airway. You have extended the arm nearest to you up alongside the head, brought the other arm across his chest, and have the back of his hand against his cheek. What is your next step?
Grasp the shoulder and hip and roll the child onto his side.
You and another provider are attending to a 17-year-old boy found unresponsive with occasional gasps. You are not certain if a pulse is present. What should you do?
Start CPR; 30:2 compressions to ventilations.
High-performance CPR includes:
High-quality CPR skills and an efficient team approach
You are attending to a person who is unresponsive and is breathing normally. You are alone and need to leave to activate EMS. Before leaving, what should you do?
Place the person in a side-lying recovery position.
You are attending to a person who is unresponsive, not breathing normally, but you can clearly feel a carotid pulse. What is the determined problem?
You have been performing CPR on a 9-year-old child for about 4 minutes. An AED has just arrived. What should you do?
Attach the AED quickly and follow the voice instructions.
You respond as an EMS provider to a 51-year-old man found collapsed near a car with its engine running inside a closed garage. Bystanders have dragged him outside onto the lawn. He is unresponsive and does not appear to be breathing normally. You cannot feel his carotid pulse. What is the indicated care?
Perform CPR with effective rescue breaths.
A roofer was electrocuted when his aluminum ladder contacted an energized power line. The scene has been made safe and you have determined he is in cardiac arrest. The AED has analyzed the heart and is indicating a shock is advised. What should you do?
Clear the person and immediately deliver the shock.
When providing CPR on a child or infant:
Ensure there is an open airway for rescue breaths.
You have responded to a report of an abrupt collapse of a middle-aged man at a local office building. Your BLS assessment shows the man is unresponsive, not breathing normally, and has no carotid pulse. This condition is most likely caused by and treated with:
Sudden cardiac arrest; CPR, defibrillation
Prevention of airway and breathing emergencies; early CPR with an emphasis on effective rescue breaths and, if needed, rapid defibrillation; early activation of the appropriate emergency response protocol; effective BLS and ALS care and transportation; and effective post-cardiac arrest care at a hospital are the links in which chain of survival?
Children and infants
You find an 11-year-old child who is unresponsive and blue. She is not breathing normally and you cannot feel a carotid pulse. Her friend states that she collapsed and stopped moving after playing the "pass out" choking game. You are the only trained BLS provider. What do you need to do?
Send the friend to activate EMS and get an AED, then begin CPR yourself.
To observe standard precautions means:
To follow a set of infection control practices used whether or not an infection is suspected
Early recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of an emergency response protocol; immediate high-quality CPR; rapid defibrillation; effective BLS and ALS care and transportation; and effective post-cardiac arrest care at a hospital are the links in which chain of survival?
It's a hot day and you have responded as an EMS provider to a report of a woman suddenly collapsing to the floor at a grocery store. The scene is safe and she is unresponsive to your voice and touch. What is your next action?
Check her for breathing and pulse at the same time.
You are providing care to a 23-year-old female found unresponsive on a couch at a party. She is breathing normally and has a pulse. You should immediately do which of the following?
Place her in the side-lying recovery position.
While eating, an older woman suddenly grabs her throat and cannot make any sound. You ask, "Are you choking?" She nods yes. What should you do?
Perform abdominal thrusts.
Two providers are performing CPR. What should they do to prevent fatigue and maintain the quality of chest compressions?
Change positions every 2 minutes.
You are attending to a neighbor who is unresponsive, not breathing normally, and pulseless. Your spouse has left to activate EMS while you begin CPR. You have just given your first set of compressions and are ready to give your initial rescue breaths. What is your next step?
Inspect the CPR mask to make sure a one-way valve is in place.
You are performing CPR on a 65-year-old man who suddenly collapsed. Another provider shows up with an AED. She turns on the device and the voice instructions begin. What is the next step?
Cut open or tear away the man's shirt and apply the pads to his bare chest
You are alone with an adult man who is choking. Another person has gone to get more help. You are performing abdominal thrusts when he suddenly collapses. What should you do next?
Perform CPR and check the mouth for an object before rescue breaths.
Monitoring, prevention, and treatment of pre-arrest conditions; early recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of an emergency response protocol; immediate high-quality CPR; rapid defibrillation; and effective post-cardiac arrest care are the links in which chain of survival?
Sudden cardiac arrest in an adult is most likely caused by ________ and requires ________.
ventricular fibrillation; defibrillation
You have determined a 47-year-old man is unresponsive. In order to assess for normal breathing, what should you do?
Look at the face and chest for signs of breathing.
After delivering a shock with an AED, you should:
Immediately resume CPR and follow any instructions given by the AED.
When two or more providers are performing CPR on an infant, the compression to ventilation ratio and preferred chest compression method is:
You are performing CPR on your uncle who collapsed at a family gathering where you are the only trained BLS provider. What is the recommended approach to deliver rescue breaths?
Use a CPR mask with a one-way valve.
In the hospital cafeteria, a hospital employee suddenly begins to cough loudly at her table. She appears to be trying to get something out of her throat. Her eyes are watering and she continues to cough forcefully. What should you do?
You are attending to a 54-year-old man who collapsed suddenly and is unresponsive. He is not breathing normally and you cannot feel a pulse. There is no suspicion of trauma and your emergency response protocol is being activated. What is your next step?
Immediately provide CPR.
What are the basic steps of the BLS Assessment in the proper order?
Assess scene safety; check response; check breathing and pulse; activate emergency response protocol
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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