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Middle Ages

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What is a belief that went against the church?
heresy
What was thre date that Charlmagne was crowned?
December 5, 800 A. D
What was the cheif goal of the Crusades?
To conquer the Holy Land
What was reconquista?
The relclaiming of spain by Ferdinand and Isabella, expelling all non-Cathloics.
What was the Domesday Book?
Census taken by William the Conqueror after his ascension (took) to power
What were some codes of chivalry from knights?
protect the weak and poor, defend his lord, God and lady, To be loyal and brave.
What building stands in Turkey today?
Hagia Sophia
What is a serf?
a paesant who was tied to the land.
Who was Joan of Arc?
a young french girl who helped the french in the 100 years
what does interdict mean?
a weapon of the Pope's used on Kings to deny the holy sacraments to an entire area.
What were land grants that kings gave to nobles and then nobles gave to knights in return for protection?
fief
what is political and social system based on the ownership of land.
fuedalism
movement that tried to reconcile faith and reason
Schlasticism
what was the laguage of the common people called
Common
What was Justinian's greatest accomplishment as Byzantine Emperor?
Code of Justinian
What was credited to Charlemagne?
the development of fuedalism
What ended a conflict between the Pope and HRE that agreement where there church would choose its officials and give them the symbols of their office instead of lay investitures by kings.
Concordat of Worms
when secular rulers choose nominess to church offices and gave them the symbols of their office
lay investures
document signed by King John that limited the power of the English Monarchy
Magna Carta
new agricultural technologies in the Middle ages led to:
increased food production
a young person who trained with a master craftsman without pay
apprentice
what allowed for an increase in food production on the manor?
crop rotation
What were the three classes or estates into which french society was divided before the revolution?
clergy
nobles
townspeople
Which group made up the largest part of the population in fuedal society?
peasants
the Byzantine Empre preserved the culture of
Greece and Rome
This Scholastic Scholar wrote Summa Theologica
St. Thomas Aquinas
Why did some religious people want to reform the Church during the middle ages?
it was corrupt
What is schism?
the seperation between the two great branches of chrsitianity that occured when the Roman Pope Leo IX and the Byzantine patriatch Michael Cerularius excommunicated eachother in 1054
What group of people did Charlemagne come from?
the Franks
Norseman who terrorized Europe using their masterful sailing skills
Vikings
How did midevil people explain the Black Death?
Jews poison the wells
G-d's Punishment
An agriculatural estate ran by a lord and worked by paesants
manor
Court that tried heretics
Inquisition
First Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
Plague that kiled off a large percentage of Europe's population during the Middle Ages
black death
The battle, in 1066, was a major turning point in British History
Hastings
in the 15th century, which countries had strong centural powers
England, Spain and france.
Who won the Battle of hastings?
William of Normandy
mounted warriors
knights
Roman Catholic Church and Eat Orthodox Church disagreed over the banning of what which sparked the begninning of schism?
icons
the barbarian group invaded the british isles
vikings`
business associations
guilds
which creatures helped spread the plague
fleas
whichmuslim leader reclaimed jerusalem from the christia crusaders
saladin
what new technology changed the 100 years war fighting stlye?
longbows