56 terms

English 10 Final Terms

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Theme
a writer's central idea or main message about life
Diction 1
the writer's choice of words
Persona
the voice assumed by a writer to express ideas or beliefs that may or may not be his or her own
Tone
the author's attitude toward the subject, character, or audience
Connotation
the feelings attached to a word beyond its literal definition
Denotation
the dictionary/literal definition
Deconstruct
(the prompt) analyzing by breaking down the expectations in order to better understand the requirements for your answer or response
Symbolize
literary device that contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight, and is representative of several other aspects, concepts or traits
External conflict
a conflict when a character struggles against an outside force
Internal conflict
a conflict when a character struggles within himself
Imagery
descriptive or figurative language used to create word pictures; details that appeal to one or more of the five senses
Purpose
the reason an author writes
Inference
a conclusion about ideas or information not directly stated
Juxtaposition
arrangement of two or more things for the purpose of comparison
Active voice
the subject performs the action
Passive voice
the subject receives the action
Concession/refutation
acknowledgement of the other side of the argument - then followed by the author's explanation of why the concession is unacceptable or wrong
Hook
usually at the beginning of a story to catch the reader's attention
Claim
the statement explaining what the author intends to prove in the text
Support
the examples and evidence the author uses to strengthen the claim
Call to Action
part of the conclusion where the author asks the reader to do something
Synthesis
to take evidence from different areas (interviews, books, articles, etc.), and from the information gathered, organize material to support a thesis
Compare/contrast essay
explain ways in which two (or, very occasionally, more) subjects are similar and/or different
Satire
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people, institutions, etc.
Perspective
individual's view or outlook on a topic
Syntax
the arrangement of words in a sentence
Figurative language
imaginative language not meant to be taken literally, such as similes and metaphors
Argument/claim
a statement that presents a viewpoint; there must be support to back up the argument
Counterclaim/concession
an opposing viewpoint; writers show the other side of their argument to show that there are other opinions/viewpoints than theirs
Refutation (refute)
reasoning used to disprove an opposing argument; this is after the concession when the writer goes back and restates that his claim is correct
Pathos
emotional appeal
Ethos
credibility
Logos
logic; facts
Stereotype
an overly simple and often inaccurate belief about a group of people
Allusion
a reference to a well-known person, event, or place from history, music, art, or another literary work, to make a point about something
Evidence
information that supports a claim/position/argument
Empirical evidence
based on experiences and direct observation through research
Logical evidence
based on facts and a clear rationale/logic
Anecdotal evidence
based on personal accounts of incidents (memoirs, journals, diaries...)
Fallacy
a mistaken belief or a false or misleading statement based on unsound evidence
Direct characterization
when the narrator or author provides information about the character
Indirect characterization
when the reader or audience have to find out about the character through his interaction with others, his thoughts, his feelings, etc.
Criteria
standards that can be used to evaluate or judge the success of something
Dynamic character
in literature, it is one who changes in the story
Static character
remains the same throughout the story
Foil
two or more characters' personalities clash
Euphemism
a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing
Author's purpose
the reason an author decides to write about a specific topic
Objective point of view
impartial, balanced, and factual
Subjective point of view
formed by opinion, bias (prejudice in favor of or against one thing), and feelings
Diction 2
a style of speaking or writing determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer; Ex: formal, informal, slang, descriptive language, figurative language, southern accent
Monologue
a long speech by one actor in a play or movie (mono = one; one actor)
Exemplify
to give an example of; illustrate by giving an example
Analysis
detailed examination of something
Commentary
an expression of opinions or offering of explanations about an event or situation
Memoir
a record of events written by a person having intimate knowledge of them and based on personal observation