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APHG-Unit 3 Ch 4,5, & 6 DeBlij
Terms in this set (63)
a group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people EX) Makan American Indians who hunt whales
how a group of people in a place that see themselves and share customs/traits. OR a small culture that incorporates a homogeneous population that is typically rural and cohesive in cultural traits.
the traditional beliefs, customs, and stories of a community, passed through generations by word of mouth
large culture that incorporates heterogeneous populations, is typically urban, and experiences quick changing traits.
the things a group of people construct, including homes, clothing, sports, dance, and foods.
a material, spatial, and cultural product of human labor
beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people. EX) Hutterites value marrying within their religion
the process by which other cultures adopt customs and knowledge and use them for their own benefit EX) People not of the culture getting henna tattoos
seeking out the regional culture and reinvigorating it in the response to uncertainty of the modern world. EX) In Lindsborg, Kansas, they proclaim their town Little Sweden, USA
tight nit neighborhoods within a major city where local cultures have built a world apart to practice their customs EX) Hasidic Jews in Brooklyn, NY
the process through which something (a name, good, idea, or person) becomes an object that can be bought and sold in the world market, when it previously wasn't regarded so.
How quickly innovations diffuse and refers to how interlinked two places are through transportation and communication
explains how quickly innovations diffuse and refers to how interlinked two places are through transportation and communication
a term referring to a process in which people start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in the context of their local culture and place, making it their own. EX) Hip hop spread from NY and LA to major cities in Europe
can occur through a hierarchy of places. The hearth is the point of origin. Large cities to smaller ones (trickles down)
idea spreads from person to person EX) word of mouth
when an exact idea can't be adopted in a certain area (due to cultural barriers, etc.) leading to altering of the idea. It is a stimulus for newer ideas. EX) non-meat burgers at McDonald's in India
when individuals who have adopted the idea move to new places and disseminate it. The hearth loses strength in the idea and the places the individuals move to gain strength in it. EX) Buddhism started in India, but now has more followers in Thailand, Cambodia, and Myanmar
the process of making indigenous people adopt the dominant culture and abandon their own culture. EX) US wanted to assimilate Native Americans in the 18 and 1900s.
the process of making indigenous people adopt the dominant culture and abandon their own culture EX) People learning English in the US
the visible imprint of human activity on the landscape
proposed by Derwent Whittlesay. Cultural imprints made over top of each other, each affect the next, have a lasting imprint EX) In N Africa, Islamic mosques have Roman influences
coined by George Edward Relph to describe the loss of uniqueness in place in the cultural landscape to the point that one place looks like the next EX) subburbs
the idea that cultural borrowing and mixing is happening all over the world. Emphasizes that what happens on one scale is not independent of what happens on another. EX) Venetian hotel is Las Vegas, Nevada
people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes. Causes global-local continuum
technology, ecology, demography, and economies that define human behavior EX) farming tech, air conditioning
Fred Kniffen researched house types and their diffusion in North America and found that 3 regions have these houses: (1)New England, (2) Mid-Atlantic, and (3) Lower Chesapeake Bay. The diffusion streams created the regions. EX) (1) Saltbox, two-chimney, Cape Cod, Front Wing, and Gable. (2) I-house, Tidewater. (3) Shotgun
the township and range patterns established by early settlers in which there were long rows of roads in square or rectangular patterns EX) prevails over US Midwest
buildings use building materials available and reflect social/environmental customs of the people EX) log cabins
traditionally sung by the common people of a region. forms part of their culture EX) May tell stories
traditional food EX) barbecue in South
social differences between men and women
how people view themselves at different scales EX) gender identity
define the "other", then define ourselves in opposing terms. One of the most powerful ways to construct an identity. EX) Europeans called the Middle East and Asia the "Orient", and called it a mystical place. They also called Africans and Americans "savage". The Europeans said they weren't either of these things, so they were therefore "civil"
the product of ways of viewing minor genetic differences around the world. Excellent example fo how geographic context shapes identity.
sense of superiority attached to race
to degree which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment. 5 statistical measurements of segregation: evenness, exposure, concentrated, centralized, and clustered. EX) In 2010 the most residentially segregated metropolitan area in the IS was Milwaukee, Wisconsin
sense of place
made by the emotions and memories attached to a place. Changes as we and the place change.
an identity based on being bounded or related to a certain place over time EX) Latino, Hispanic
a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups EX) ghettos in NY
when a bride is killed because her father was unable to fulfill a marriage agreement EX) often occurs in India
killing of infants EX) girls are killed in India because they are seen as a burden due to dowries
An urban area in a Spanish speaking country
a set of sounds and symbols that is used for communication
a published, widely distributed, and purposefully taught language that most technologically advanced societies have.EX) Ireland promotes the use of Celtic by requiring all government workers to pass Irish-language exam
a variant of a standard language along regional or ethnic liens. Made of differences in: vocab, syntax, pronunciation, cadence, and pace. EX) Southern-English
a geographic boundary in which a particular linguistic feature occurs. Rarely a simple line. EX) the lines of which American dialects are fuzzy
means that two people can understand each other while speaking. Has been rejected as strongly as environmental determinism. EX) mostly with two dialects of one language, but Danish and Norwegian speakers can understand each other while Mandarin and Cantonese canoot
dialects nearest to each other will be most similar. As you go farther apart, dialects become less intelligible.
way of classifying languages at the global scale. The languages have shared by fairly distant origins. Broken into sub-families. EX) Indo-European language family includes Italian, Spanish, and French
divisions within a language family, the commonalities are more definite and origins more recent. Consists of individual languages with smaller spatial extents and dialects with even smaller spatial extents EX) Indo-European is broken into sub-families of Romance, Germanic, and Slavic
set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics EX) Germanic, Romance, Slavic
a language from the Indo-European family. Spoken by half of the world's people, and includes among others, the Germanic, Romance, and Slavic subfamilies
a language used among speakers of different languages for the purposes of trade and commerce. Can be one language or a mixture.
when people speaking 2 or more languages are in contact and they combine parts of their languages in a simplified structure and vocabulary EX) the first widely known pidgin language is the Frankish language, a mix of Frank tongue with Italian, Greek, Spanish, and Arabic for trade on eastern Mediterranean with Southern Franks.
a pidgin language that has developed a more complex structure and a vocabulary and has become a native language of a group of people EX) Swahili
countries in which everyone speaks the same language EX) Japan, Uruguay, Iceland, Denmark, Portugal, Poland, and Lesotho
countries in which more than one language is in use EX) US
adopted by countries with linguistic fragmentation to tie the people together. Or in colonies, one that ties them to their colonizer.
a common language of trade and commerce used around the world. EX) like lingua franca
there are more than 7000 languages spoken today that are created by economic, technological, and ideological globalization. EX) more than 1500 languages are spoken in Sub-Saharan Africa
place names. often refer to social progress in the area. May impact how people view the lace. Dominated by 10 themes: descriptive, commendatory, possession, commemorative, associative, incidents, possession, folk, manufactured, mistakes, shift. EX) "Mount Prospect" and "Mount Misery"
a mass killing of a specific group of people EX) Serbian campaign for ethnic cleansing of Kosovo Albanians (Muslims) who demanded autonomy.
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