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Jeremy Ford ED-SPED 250 Final BSU
Terms in this set (123)
Brain damage, heredity, biochemical imbalance, and environmental factors are all possible causes of which of the following?
In most cases the cause of a learning disability is
Which two types of assessments are administered to meet the discrepancy criterion for identifying students with disabilities
IQ tests and individual achievement tests
Normalization is a
Philosophy that people with disabilities should be integrated into everyday society to the greatest extent possible
What three criteria do most states require to identify students with learning disabilities
Sever ability-achievement discrepancy, exclusion criterion, and need for special education services
What is the defining characteristic of a learning disability
Specific and significant achievement deficits in spite of seemingly adequate overall intelligence
In what year did federal legislation include learning disabilities as a disability category under which students were entitled to special education and related services
Students with learning disabilities are most likely to be referred for special education because of difficulties in which of the following areas
For students with learning disabilities learning to read and reading for comprehension are which of the following?
The most common problem
Difficulties with reading, writing, math, social skills, and attention are characteristics of learning disabilities. However, specific and significant achievement deficits despite adequate overall intelligence are considered which of the following?
The defining characteristic
Which of the following statements is NOT accurate?
Prevalence rates are similar from state to state
Poverty, minimal opportunities to develop early language, child abuse and neglect, and chronic social or sensory deprivation are associated with ________ causes of intellectual disability
__________ and fragile X syndrome are the two most common genetic causes of intellectual disabilities
Academic goals for individuals with intellectual disability should be determined by all of the following EXCEPT
Adhering to the general education curriculum
The ultimate approach to determining if a given skill qualifies as functional curriculum is to contemplate this question from the student's perspective:
"Will I need it when I'm 21?"
______ means breaking down complex or multistep skills into smaller, easier-to-learn subtasks.
Which of the following statements is true? IQ tests
Are strong predictors of school achievement
The AAIDD's criterion for "significant limitations of intellectual functioning" is an IQ score approximately
2 standard deviations below the mean
______ functioning of individuals with intellectual disabilities include poor memory, slow learning rates, attention problems, difficulty maintaining and generalizing what they have learned, and poor motivation
individuals with intellectual disabilities may exhibit deficits in cognitive skills. All of the following are areas of cognitive functioning EXCEPT
Common limitations in adaptive behavior skills for individuals with intellectual disabilities include which of the following?
Self-care skills and social relationships
Why is adaptive behavior difficult to measure
There is no universal agreement about which adaptive behaviors everyone should exhibit
Which of the following is one of the 10 guidelines for communicating with parents and families
Help parents strive for realistic optimism
Which of the following is true about a parents-as-tutors program?
Keep tutoring sessions short.
Which of the following is NOT an example of an open-needs assessment
I need information about_____________
IDEA defines intellectual disability as a "significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in _______ and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child's educational performance."
Which of the following statements about marital adjustment for parents of children with disabilities is true?
Most families of children with disabilities experience average to above-average levels of marital adjustment
Which of the following is NOT one of the five principles of effective communication with parents?
Encourage parents to share private family information that will help you understand the students' needs
An active listener does which of the following?
Responds to the speaker's message with animation and interest
Which tends to be the most difficult step in the RERUN dialoguing approach?
Which of the following is true about a cultural interpreter?
A cultural interpreter must have a basic understanding of a family culture she is representing
________ refers to families' strengths, resources, and insights
Funds of knowledge
Advocates of full inclusion contend that the LRE model does all of the following, EXCEPT
Directs attention to the service and supports people need rather than to physical settings
The most crucial variable in the effectiveness of special education is the
Quality of instruction a child receives
Many people___inside and outside the field of education- have detected the following problems with the nature of special education EXCEPT
Lack of any progress toward providing equal educational opportunities
An increased emphasis on collaboration between parents and teachers is influenced by which of the following factors?
Parents wanting to be involved
Educators must remember that family involvement is important because of which of the following factors?
Families know certain aspects of their children better than anyone.
Which of the following explains why there is an emphasis on parent and family involvement in special education
Educational outcomes are improved when parents are involved
Which of the following is a required component of the IEP?
an explanation of the extent to which the child will not participate with children who are not disabled in the regular class
Education students with disabilities with children who are disabled to the maximum extent possible is called which of the following
the least restrictive environment
Which of the following should include a statement of program modifications or supports for school personnel that will be provided for the child
A statement of special education and related services
In the continuum of placement options, which of the following is considered most restrictive?
Homebound or hospital
Which of the following statements is true regarding LRE
A student cannot be removed from the regular classroom unless the IEP team determines the specialized instruction or related services the child needs to achieve his IEP goals cannot be provided in the regular classroom
Which of the following statements regarding cooperative learning is true?
Cooperative learning arrangements should include group goals and individual accountability
Which of the following statements regarding multi factored evaluation is true?
IDEA requires that multi factored evaluation reports provide information about the child's educational needs and hot to meet them
Disproportionate representation exists when a particular group
Receives special education at a rate significantly higher or lower than would be expected based on the proportion of the general student population that group represents
Which of the following three groups of students are disproportionately identified for special education?
Native american, native hawaiian or other pacific islander, and african american
Which of the following is not identified as a reason for the overrepresentation of ethnically and culturally diverse students in special education?
Having a teacher who is from a different cultural or ethnic group from the student being referred
_____ teams are composed of professionals from different disciplines who work independently of one another
In this co-teaching format, both teachers teach the same content to two equal-sized groups of students
Which of the following is not a major principal of IDEA
Full inclusion in regular classrooms
Special educators design ______ to keep a potential or minor problem from becoming a disability.
The level of preventive intervention is aimed at individuals with a disability and intended to prevent the effects of the disability from worsening
Teaching a student who cannot speak to use an alternative and augmentative communication divide is an example of which type of intervention?
Which of the following is NOT a challenge facing the field of special education?
Clarifying which students have multiple and severe disabilities
The statement "Instruction received by many students with disabilities not only fails to take advantage of that knowledge, it often embraces methods scientific studies have shown to be ineffective" refers to
The research to practice gap
Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of preferred intervention?
To increase the frequency of special education placement for children whose learning or behavioral problems are the result of inappropriate instruction
Which of the following is required for classifying or labeling
For students to be eligible for special education services
Which of the following court cases set the legal precedent for the civil rights for individuals with disabilities for ruling that "separate is not equal"?
Pennsylvania association for retarded children (Brown v. Board of education of Topeka
Which of the following laws extends civil rights protection of people with disabilities to private sector employment, public services, transportation, and telecommunications?
Americans with disables act
Which court case challenged a state law that denied public school education to children considered "Unable to profit from public school attendance"?
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded children v commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Most studies conducted to assess the effects of labeling
Have produced inconclusive, often contradictor evidence and have generally been marked by methodological weaknesses
Which of the following involves a group of people who must work together for the benefit of the child
Which of the following means zero reject
Schools must educate all children with disabilities
What percentage of school age children receive special education services
Which of the following terms refers to a problem or disadvantage a person with a disability or impairment encounters when interacting with the environment
Which of the following is NOT a suggestion for using guided notes
To increase active engagement, require students to write as much as possible
The majority of student with learning disabilities are educated in which of the following placements
Research demonstrates the most effective interventions for teaching academic skills to children with learning disabilities are
Explicit instruction and learning strategies
Which of the following are the three most prevalent disability categories
Learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, and other health impairments
Which term refers to children who, although not currently identified as having a disability are considered to have a great that usual chance of developing one?
Which of the following is NOT a key component of explicit instruction
Which of the following is an advantage of disability labels
Tables helps make exceptional children's special needs more visible to policymakers and the public
Which of the following requires that students with disabilities be educated with students without disabilities and have access to the core curriculum to the maximum extent appropriate?
Which term includes children who experience difficulties in learning as well as those whose performance is so superior that modifications in curriculum and instruction are necessary to help them fulfill their potential
In a three-tier RTI model, a student who is responding well to instruction in the regular classroom likely to be in which intervention tier?
The consultant teacher provides support to which of the following?
General education teachers and other staff members
Which of the following means due process?
Schools must provide safeguards to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents
All of the following statements regarding the financial situations of parents with disabilities are true, EXCEPT
The extra costs of providing for a child with a disability are usually covered by financial assistance from federal state and local agencies
Which of the following is true about siblings of children with disabilities
children are deeply influenced by having a brother or a sister with special needs, but their experiences are varied
Which of the following is Not one of the levels of intellectual disability?
A _______ specifies parent-delivered rewards for the child contingent on her behavior or academic performance in the classroom
Which of the following is the recommended sequence for conducting parent-teacher conferences
Build rapport, obtain information, provide information, summarize, and follow up
Intellectual disability is the ________ largest disability category after learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, other health impairments, and autism
all of the following promote instructional and social inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities EXCEPT
Self contained classrooms
_______'s definition of giftedness includes the interaction among three clusters of human traits:above average general intellectual abilities, high level of task commitment, and creativity
The first federal definition of gifted and talented students appeared in
A 1972 report to congress titled education of the gifted
Highly gifted students have IQ scores ____ standard deviations or greater above the mean
Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of assessment in early childhood special education
identifying the cause of a disability
Which of the following is an infant screening measure that measures the degree of asphyxia an infant experiences during birth
the apgar scale
Although most early childhood special educators view the developmentally appropriate practice guidelines as the foundation on which to provide early intervention, they also recognize that young children with disabilities need
Specially designed, individualized instruction
Preschool teachers can incorporate systematic language, social skill, or academic instruction into naturally occurring age appropriate activities throughout the day by ____
Embedding learning opportunites
Preschool activity schedules should
Include a balance of child-initiated and planned activities, large and small group activities, active and quiet times, and indoor and outdoor activities
Hospitals are frequently the setting where early intervention services are provided to
Infants and newborns with significant disabilities
Enable parents to receive support by an early intervention specialist who visits the home regularly
Which of the following is not an advantage of center based programs
Other family members such as siblings and grandparents, have more opportunities to interact with the child during instruction
What is group home living
Family-style living for a small group of individuals
Individuals with disabilities should not be excluded from opportunities to learn about sexuality and enjoy intimate relationships because
Sexuality is a part of the human experience
One measure of the quality of a person's life is
the extent to which he can make choices
Which of the following statements about handicaps is true
Handicapism is a term that describes biased reactions toward people with disabilities
Watching television, listening to music alone, and spending time socially being isolated are which of the following
Common, but not ideal, leisure activities for individuals with disabilities
Regarding sex education for students with disabilities, all of the following statements are true except
there is ample research in the area of sex education for secondary students with disabilities
Transportation, the physical ability and skills to play games, and willing and able friends constitute which of the following
Supports needed for individuals with disabilities to participate in community recreation resources
what is an apartment cluster
A small number of apartments housing persons with disabilities and another nearby apartment for a support person
In which of the following living arrangements does a family opens its home to an unrelated person for an extended period of time
The employment rate of individuals of working age without disabilities compared with those with disabilities is
64% vs 18%
Which of the following is NOT included in the IDEA definition of transition services
Family support plan
Madeline will, director of U.S. office of special education and rehabilitation services, proposed a transition services model that encompasses the following three levels of service to bridge secondary special education and adult employment
Generic, time-limited, and ongoing support.
When must a transition component be included within an IEP for a student with disabilities?
By the time the student is 16 years old ( 14 years old in some states)
Which of the following statements about the summary of performance is true?
The summary of performance may assist the student in becoming a self-advocate as he or she transitions into adult roles.
What is the importance of postsecondary education
Postsecondary education improves chances of meaningful employment
In addition to increased vocational options, what is another benefit of postsecondary education for individuals with disabilities
Greater lifetime earnings
Research based ways to help prepare and support secondary students with disabilities for successful transition to postsecondary education include which of the following?
access to increasingly rigorous curriculum, training in learning strategies, trainmen in use of assistive technology, and practice in self-advocacy skills.
What is supported employment
Work in an integrated setting with ongoing support for individuals with eh most severe disabilities
which of the following statements about sheltered employment is true?
because sheltered employment takes place in segregated settings, it should be not be a first choice for individuals with disabilities and should be considered as a temporary trainmen opportunity if possible
Which statement below is the most accurate regarding the challenges, achievements and advocacy for students with behavioral disorders
Young children who exhibit emotional or behavioral problems often respond to early intervention
A major challenge of education students with emotional or behavioral disorders is arranging an environment in which _______ can be learned at acceptable rates and the safety of all students is protected.
Academic and social skills
Which of the following is an externalizing behavior
the experimental manipulation of several antecedent or consequent events surrounding the target behavior in an attention verify the hypothesized functions of the behavior is called a
Although IDEA mandates that all children with disabilities receive an individualized program of special education and related services, in practice, determination of whether a child is disabled under the category of emotional disturbance is often
More a function of a school districts available resources to provide needed services that a function of the child's actual need for such services
In practice, determination of whether a child is disabled under the category of emotional disturbance is often more a function of a school district's _____
available resources to provide needed services than a function of the child's actual needs for such services
Which of the following is NOT a scientifically supported intervention for students with emotional or behavioral disorders
Identifying and teaching to students' learning styles
there is growing evidence that a common factor may account for at least some family links with dyslexia. What is this common factor
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