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English Terms and Definitions (made by Camille)
Terms in this set (70)
The dictionary definition of a word
Ideas/emotions associated with the word
The use of more than once any element of language--a sound, word, phrase, or sentence. It emphasizes ideas and sets a mood.
Placing a sentence element out of its normal position
Feeling created by a poem or a story
The attitude the writer or the speaker takes toward the audience
The speaker is the narrator of the poem; the speaker is not the same as the writer
When a sentence runs from one line to another
When you mark up a poem; you write in the margins, underline or circle words that stand out to you...ask questions...make inferences.
A reference within a poem to something from literature, art, history or some aspect of culture.
the arrangement of two or more lines of poetry into regular patterns of length, rhythm and often rhyme scheme. Stanzas often indicate separate thoughts and are separated from one another by spaces
A poem that expresses thoughts and feelings rather than telling a story.
A two line rhyming stanza.
A four line rhyming stanza.
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
The repetition of consonant sound within words or at the end of words
The repetition of vowel sounds
The use of words that imitate the sounds they describe: Words that sound like exactly what they mean
Words that express ideas or emotions
Words that describe direct experience.
Language that appeals to the 5 senses.
Describes things, using sensory details, but does not compare them to anything
Language that goes beyond the literal meaning, such as simile, metaphor, personification and hyperbole
Compares two unlike things using like or as
Directly compares two unlike things WITH OUT using like or as.
When human qualities are given to non-human things.
Figurative language that is stale from overuse.
Something concrete that stands for an idea or an emotion.
Exaggeration to make a point or create an effect
Two syllable with the falling rising stress pattern
Two syllables with the rising falling stress pattern
A person, animal or imaginary creature in a literary work.
The main character. The character who encounters an obstacle early in the plot. Often the character changes. Does not have to be "good."
The person or force that act against the protagonist. Can be a person, a group of people, a force of nature, or something within the protagonist's personality. Does not have to be "bad."
The struggle between two opposing forces in a story.
Part of the rising action. Causes things to become tense or entangled as a result of the conflict. Both conflict and complication are usually resolved by the of a story.
The conversation between characters in a literary work.
Form of a language spoken by a certain region or group.
An interruption in the narrative to show something that happen before that time.
Provides hints or clues early in a story that anticipate what is to come. Increases suspense, contributes to suspense and make the ending seem believable.
A kind of writing, such as a novel, short story, folktale, myth, poem, play and nonfiction
The contrast between what seems to be and what really is.
The difference between what a character says and what s/he means.
When you know something that the character in a show/story/movie doesn't know.
When events are contrary to what is expected.
What happens in a story.
A less important series of events within the main plot.
Point of View
The vantage point from which a story is told.
Uses I, me, our, or my. The Narrator is also a character in the story.
Uses he, she, and they.
Third Person Omniscient
The narrator knows what every one in the story is thinking or feeling
Third Person Limited
The narrator only knows what the protagonist thinks or feels.
The time and place in which a literary work takes place.
The main idea in a literary work
How the writer uses language and literary devices. Includes diction (word choice) and syntax (sentence structure) as well as figurative language, repetition, symbols, dialogue and imagery.
How the author reveals the character.
A character who grows and changes over the course of the story.
A character who does not change. Is the same at the end of the story as at the beginning.
Character vs Character
Character vs Self
Character vs Nature
Character vs Society
Character vs Fate
Background information: establishes the setting and describes the situation
Something happens that ignites the conflict
Characters face or try to solve the action, complications arise
The tension reaches a peak. A crucial moment in the story. A point of no return.
Sometimes called the denouncement, this part of the story explores the consequences of the climax. The tensions begin to ease.
The story's central conflict is finally resolved, leaving the reader with a sense of completion. Theme is often found here.
Pattern of many short stories and plays
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