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40 terms

Computer Class 7

CIS 121
STUDY
PLAY
Two types of system software are
operating systems and utility programs
A _______ system is a set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources.
operating
A cross-platform program is one that runs_____.
the same on multiple operating systems.
_____ is the process of starting or restarting a computer.
Booting
In Windows Vista, the ____ consists of several files that contain the system configuration information.
registry
If a hard disk is damaged, a computer can be booted from a _____ disk, which is usually a CD that contains a few system files that will start the computer.
recovery
A _____ interface controls how users enter data and instructions into a computer and how information is displayed on the screen.
user
With a ____, users interact with menus and visual images such as icons, buttons, and other objects to issue commands.
graphical user interface (GUI)
Computers with more than ____ of RAM work with the Aer interface in Windows Vista as shown in the accompanying figure.
1 GB
The Aero interface in Windows Vista shown in the accompanying figure offers _____.
an enhanced visual look, animation, additional navigation options.
The set of instructions entered into a computer that uses the interface shown in the accompanying figure is called ____ the language.
command
The virtual memory, which is illustrated in the accompanying figure, a _____ is the amount of data and program instructions that can swap at a given time.
page
A ____ is a segment of memory or storage, such as the disk in the accompanying figure, in which items are placed while waiting to be transferred from an input device or to an output device.
buffer
A ____ operating system is an operating system that organizes and coordinated how multiple users access and share resources on a network.
server
A ____ operating system is a complete operating system that works on a desktop computer, notebook computer, or mobile computing device.
stand-alone
Windows _____ is Microsoft's fastest, moble reliable and efficient operating system to date, offering quicker application start up, built-in diagnostics, autiomatic recovery, improved security, and enhanced searching and organizing capabilities.
Vista
In Windows Vista, the Windows ____ feature protects your computer form spyware.
Defender
The latest version of the Macintosh operating system, Mac _____, is a multitasking operating system available only for computers manufactured by Apple.
OS X
Windows _____ is an upgrade to Windows 2003 Server.
Server 2008
Novell's _____ is a server operating system designed for client/server networks.
NetWare
A ____ utility allows users to copy selected files or an entire hard disk to another storage medium.
backup
_____ is software that acts without a user's knowledge and deliberately altera a computer's operations.
Malware
A pop-up ____ is a filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on Web pages.
blocker
____ is a program placed on a computer without the user's knowledge or consent that secretly collects information about the user, often related to Web browsing habits.
Spyware
Compressed files, sometimes called ___.
zipped files, usually have a .zip extension
Computer communications describes a process in which two or more computers or devices transfer _____.
data, information, and instructions
A communications ____ is a transmission media on which data, instructions, or information travel.
channel
____ can serve as sending and receiving devices in a communications system.
Mainframe computers and servers, desktop computers and notebook computers, and smart phones
Two examples of _____ are cable television lines and telephone lines.
communication channels
A type of communications device that connects a communications channel to a sending and receiving device is a ____.
modem
____ is a conversation that takes place over the Internet using a telephone connected to a desktop computer, mobile computer, or mobile device.
VoIP
____ allows users to send graphics, pictures, video clips, and sound files, as well as short text messages to another smart phone or mobile device.
MMS
Some services use the term video ____ to refer separately to the capability of sending video clips.
messaging
In many public locations, people connect wirelessly to the Internet through a ____ using their mobile computers or devices.
hot spot
A ____ is a coffeehouse or restaurant that provides computers with Internet access to its customers.
cybercafe
A GPS receiver is a handheld, mountable, or embedded device that contains all of the following except a ___.
floppy disk
____ is a software application that helps groups of people work together on projects and share information over a network.
Groupware
A voice mailbox is a ____ in a voice mail system.
storage location on a hard disk
To make collaboration possible among employees, some companies use a document ____ system, which provides for storage and management of a company's documents, such as word processing documents, presentations, and spreadsheets.
management
A _____ license is a legal agreement that allows multiple users to access software on a server simultaneously.
network