Adobe Illustrator CC Certification Vocabulary
Terms in this set (180)
Created by combining light. Color components are red, green, and blue. When added together at 100%, the three components create white.
An Adobe application that enables you to view thumbnails of your files and helps you sort and organize those files. It gives you centralized access to all your Illustrator files and to other media assets you may need for your projects. In Illustrator, the Go To Bridge button is located on the Application bar.
Indicates how the lines are aligned on the right and left edges, such as left, centered, and right.
Uses only uppercase letterforms for each letter.
Colors that are side by side on the color wheel. They create gentle and relaxing color schemes.
A point connecting two segments on a path. An anchor point can be either a corner point or a curved point. See also corner point, curved point, and smooth anchor point.
The attributes that are applied to an object and that are listed on the Appearance panel.
The bar at the top of the Application frame. The bar contains the Go To Bridge button, the Arrange Documents menu, the workspace switcher menu, and the Search for Help field. In Windows, the main Illustrator menus also appear on this bar.
The frame that surrounds the Illustrator interface and contains the Application bar, document windows, and panels, and select zoom and artboard navigation options.
A type object (consisting of many lines of text) where type wraps to fit within a vector shape.
Arrange Documents menu
Located on the Application bar, this menu contains options for viewing multiple document windows in various horizontal or vertical arrangements within the Application frame.
A printable region within a document. A document can contain multiple artboards.
A menu in the lower left corner of the document window that allows you to choose an artboard to work on. It is also framed by directional arrows (First, Previous, Next, or Last) that you can click to move quickly from one artboard to another.
Achieves balance using elements with different weights or values on each side (or the top and bottom) of an image.
The settings such as fill, stroke, effects, and opacity that are applied to an object. The attributes of an object make up the object's appearance.
Written acknowledgment provided with the name of the original copyright holder of the work. Creative Commons and other licenses feature different kinds of attribution requirements.
Evenly distributed, but not necessarily centered or mirrored.
Also known as Old English, Gothic, or Textura. Feature an overly ornate style. Convey a feeling of rich and sophisticated gravitas.
The part of the image extending past the cut edge to ensure an edge-to-edge print.
A multistep color and shape progression between two separate objects. Blends are created via the Blend tool or the Make Blend command.
The shadow cast on the ground and on any objects that are in the shadow of the form. Shadows fade as they get farther from the form casting the shadow.
Look like scribbles and feel unpredictable and frantic. Convey a sense of urgency, fear, or explosive energy.
A special group of objects in which the topmost object crops (masks) the objects that are below it. Portions of the lower objects that extend beyond the path of the topmost object are hidden and don't print. The topmost object in a clipping mask is referred to as a clipping path.
The perceived hue, lightness, and saturation of an object or light.
Color rules that are named for their relative locations on the color wheel.
A description of the color-handling characteristics of a device, such as a scanner, camera, printer, or display. A color management system uses device color profiles to ensure that document colors remain consistent as the document moves from one device to another.
Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. They are high in contrast and vibrant.
An object contained within one or more smaller, transparent paths that creates a hole in the larger object. The hole can be removed by releasing the compound object and separating the paths into individual objects.
A compound path is an object that contains within it one or more smaller, transparent subpaths that create a hole (or holes) in the larger object. All objects in the compound path take on the paint and style attributes of the rearmost object in the stacking order. Compound paths provide editing flexibility: You can release the subpath from the larger object at any time.
An object created via the Shape Modes options on the Pathfinder panel. The individual objects that are combined into a compound shape are preserved and can be edited or released at any time.
A temporary menu of options that display in various Adobe programs when you right-click the mouse on a particular object or portion of a panel. Options in a context menu change based on the type of object or where in the interface you click.
Creates visual interest and a focal point in a composition. It is what draws the eye to the focal point.
The panel in Illustrator that contains controls, links (to temporary panels), and settings. Options on the panel change depending on the type of object currently selected.
convert a point
Change an anchor point from corner to curved or vice versa. You can convert points via the Anchor Point tool or via options on the Control panel.
An anchor point that connects either two straight line segments or a straight and a curved segment on a path.
Creative Cloud Libraries
A feature provided in Illustrator that enables you to copy artwork as an asset into a Libraries panel, then place that asset into any other Adobe application that also contains a Libraries panel. Library assets are stored in your Creative Cloud Assets page.
Ways that artists can release their works for limited use and still choose the way the works are used and shared: Public Domain, Attribution, ShareAlike, NoDerivs, and NonCommercial.
Expresses fluidity, beauty, and grace.
An anchor point that connects two curved segments on a path. When selected, direction handles will display to control the shape of the curved segments.
Also known as ornamental, novelty, or display fonts. They don't fall into any of the other categories of fonts. Convey a specific feeling.
A predetermined list of items that will be delivered to the customer.
The building blocks of art defined by artists to provide a framework for creating art.
The essential rules or assembly instructions for art.
Lines traveling neither on a vertical nor a horizontal path. Express growth or decline and imply movement or change.
Also known as wingdings. They are a collection of objects and shapes instead of letters.
A common way to describe lines, such as vertical, horizontal, or diagonal.
A visual feature that displays on a selected curved anchor point that controls the shape of a curved segment.
The vertically stacked arrangements of panels on the right side of the Application frame. You can customize the arrangement of panels in the dock and create additional docks.
document color mode
Determines the color model that Illustrator uses to create the image, such as RGB or CYMK.
A tabbed window within the Application Frame that contains the artboards and canvas scratch area.
Stands for dots per inch and refers to the resolution of an image when printed.
Illustrator provides three specific drawing modes: Draw Normal (the default), Draw Behind, and Draw Inside. Draw Behind places newly drawn objects behind selected objects. Draw Inside places newly drawn objects within a selected object.
elements of art
The building blocks of creative works. They are the "nouns" of design, such as space, line, shape, form, texture, value, color, and type.
Placing a bitmap image as a non-vector object in an Illustrator document. The image data is stored in the document. See also linked.
Describes the focal point to which the eye is naturally and initially drawn in a design.
In Illustrator, the area formed by intersecting lines in a Live Paint group.
A set of rules that specify how and when copyrighted material can be used and that make sure copyright protection doesn't come at the cost of creativity and freedom.
A system set up to continually encourage and require input and approval on a project's direction.
A system set up to continually encourage and require input and approval on a project's direction.
Solid color, pattern, or gradient that is applied to the interior of a vector object. The current fill color displays in the Fill square on several panels in Illustrator.
A category related to the energy conveyed by lines and shapes.
What the design is all about. The call to action or the primary message you are trying to get across.
The whole collection of a typeface in each of its sizes and styles.
Describes three-dimensional objects, such as spheres, cubes, and pyramids.
Tend to be straight and have sharp angles. Look manmade and intentional. Communicate strength, power, and precision.
Predictable and consistent shapes, such as circles, squares, triangles, and stars. They are rarely found in nature and convey mechanical and manufactured impressions
Each character of a font, whether it is a letter, number, symbol, or swash.
A gradual blend between two or more solid colors. Gradients are created and edited via the Gradient panel in Illustrator.
A collection of objects on an artboard that can be selected as an entire unit for editing and organizing elements in a design. On the Layers panel, a <Group> listing will display and the collection of objects will display as individual listings nested within the group.
hand-drawn (line or shape)
Appears as though created using traditional techniques, such as paints, charcoal, or chalk.
Also known as hand fonts, they simulate handwriting.
The area of a form that is directly facing the light and that appears lightest.
Moving from left to right; for example, the horizontal line in an "H." Expresses calmness and balance.
Determines if and when words should be split with hyphens when wrapping to the next line.
Images that represent an idea, such as a heart representing love.
Lines that don't really exist but are implied by shapes, such as dotted or dashed lines, people waiting in lines, or the margins of a block of text.
Settings that determine how far an entire paragraph is indented from the rest of the text on each side or in just its first line.
A special viewing and editing mode that is activated by double-clicking an object or a group. All other objects are temporarily dimming, thereby limiting editing to only the selected objects.
New versions of a design that successively become closer to the desired result.
Work that is shared as it is completed, allowing the customer to chime in with comments while it is still easy to make a change.
To unite two endpoints into one point on a path. Points can be joined via the Join tool.
Aligns text to a straight edge on both the right and left edges of a paragraph.
The space between specific letter pairs.
A way to organize objects and put some objects in front of, or behind, others. When objects are on separate layers you can temporarily lock or hide them to facilitate editing objects on other layers in the same area of the artboard.
The amount of space between the baselines of two lines of text in wraparound paragraph type. Increase the leading value to increase the amount of white space between lines of text.
A way to legally use copyrighted material for a certain time and in a certain way, usually associated with paying a fee established by the copyright holder.
Special characters used to represent letter combinations, such as "fi."
The perceived location of the lighting in relation to the form.
A color setting affecting tone, from darker to lighter.
A mark with a beginning and an end point.
Placing a bitmap image as a screen version of an image in an Illustrator document. A link is established between the placed image and the original source image. Image data is not stored in the document. See also embedded.
A feature for non-rectangular objects such as polygons that displays a corner widget for controlling the corner radius on a selected corner point.
A feature for rectangle or rounded rectangle objects only that displays corner widgets for controlling the corner radius on a selected object. See also shape properties.
Information that is included in a document but is hidden, such as copyright, lens information, location via GPS, camera settings, and more.
The permission that is required when a person's face is identifiable in a photo and the image will be used to promote something—whether it's a product or an idea.
Different shades and tints of the same color. Communicates a relaxed and peaceful feeling.
Fixed-width or non-proportional fonts that use the same amount of horizontal space for each letter.
Visual movement within an image, such as the natural tracking of the eye across an image as the eye moves from focal point to focal point.
Blank areas in a design. Also known as white space.
Creative Commons licensing. Requires that you not change material when you incorporate it into your own work. It can be used freely, but you must pass it along without change.
Creative Commons licensing. Means you can use work in your own creative work as long as you don't charge for it.
Any created vector shape or placed image in an Illustrator document. An individual object can be selected for editing and is listed on the Layers panel as a <Path>.
The area of the form that is facing away from the light source and appears darkest.
Describes lines, shapes, or forms that are irregular and imperfect, as those found in nature.
Lines that are usually irregular and imperfect. Found in nature.
Are random or generated by something natural. They are usually asymmetric and convey natural, homemade, or relaxed feelings.
A tabbed grouping of multiple panels, usually located in a dock.
The highly customizable interface elements containing common tools, settings, and options that can be easily moved, rearranged, or resized.
Affect an entire paragraph rather than selected words. These settings include alignment, space before/after, hyphenation, and so on.
Similar to leading, but applies to the spacing above or below the entire paragraph (and not to the lines within the paragraph).
A type object (consisting of many lines of text) where the type wraps to fit within a text rectangle.
The edge of a vector shape or line. A path technically has no dimension, so a stroke must be added to make it visible.
A type object where type follows along the edge of an object's path.
A repetitive sequence of different colors or shape objects. You can use the Pattern Options panel to create custom patterns that can be applied as a fill or stroke on a path.
Graphic symbol that represents something in the real world. Computer icons are pictographs that suggest the function they represent, such as a trash can icon to delete a file.
A single dot that makes up a raster image. Pixel is short for "picture element."
A type object (consisting of just one character or several words of text) that stands by itself and is not associated with any drawn path or object. Point type can be positioned anywhere on an artboard.
Used to measure type size, approximately 1/72 of an inch.
Stands for pixels per inch and is a setting that affects only printed images. Higher ppi affords more detail in printed images. While vector objects are resolution-independent, raster effects, and rasterized objects and images need to have a ppi value applied to produce quality output.
Preferences dialog box
A dialog box that contains various options and settings that are applied to all Illustrator documents you create. The dialog box organizes the options and settings into specific categories and displays each category in a custom panel. Preference settings can be changed at any time.
Colors that cannot be created by combining other colors, and can be combined to create every other color in the visible spectrum. Additive color systems such as a computer use the primary colors of red, blue, and green (not red, blue, and yellow as in painting).
Marks printed along the outer margins of a printed sheet (beyond the page boundary). These marks are indicators to help printers determine such items as trimming the paper, aligning color separation films, and evaluating the color quality of each the separate inks used to print color.
Colors that are defined as a combination of the four CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black) ink colors. Process colors are used when printing artwork to devices that create color using these four inks.
Unplanned changes that increase the amount of work, or scope, that a project requires. When the project loses focus and spins out of control, eating up more and more time and effort.
Dictates when work needs to be completed.
Outlines the amount and type of work to be completed.
An option that can be set when scaling an object to preserve the current width-to-height ratio of an object.
Creative Commons licensing. When copyright is expired or released and no longer applies to the content or when an artist releases their work. It can be used without worrying about infringement.
Circular type of balance that radiates from the center instead of the middle of a design.
Originally described an image created by scan lines on CRT monitors, but today it is basically synonymous with bitmap. Certain effects in Illustrator are referred to as "raster" because they are composed of pixels and not vector shapes.
To convert a vector object into a raster/bitmap image.
Area of a form that is lit by reflections from the ground or other objects in a scene.
Repeating an element in a design.
Shapes used to represent information. They are helpful in communicating with multicultural and multilingual audiences.
A measurement of the number of pixels in a given space—either in an inch (ppi) or pixel dimensions (such as 1920×1080).
Creative and expressive, rather than a consistent pattern or repetition in a design.
rule of thirds
A technique for laying out the space of your page to provide a focal point. Two vertical and two horizontal lines evenly divide the space into nine equal boxes, as in a tic-tac-toe board.
sans serif fonts
Text without serifs. Often used for headlines and titles for their strong, stable, modern feel.
The level of pure color versus white or gray in a color less white or gray means a more vivid, or saturated, color.
Mimic calligraphy. They convey a feeling of beauty, grace, or feminine dignity.
Created when you combine primary colors.
Fonts with serifs the little "feet"on character ends, created by typewriters. They convey tradition, intelligence, and class.
A reference to an area enclosed by an outline, such as geometric shapes or hand-drawn shapes. In Illustrator, shapes are also referred to as objects when talking about the actual elements in the artwork.
The middle portion of the Transform panel that displays shape and corner settings for a selected object drawn with the Rectangle or Rounded Rectangle tool. See also Live Shapes.
Creative Commons licensing. Allows you to use an item (design) in any way you want as long as your creation is shared under the same license as the original work.
Representative drawings of how to lay out a document or web page. These are sometimes one of the deliverables of a project.
slab serif fonts
Squared-off versions of a typical serif font. Also known as Egyptian, block serif, or square serif. Convey a machine-built feel.
Uses only uppercase letterforms for each letter and appears in a smaller size.
smooth anchor point
A curved anchor point. See anchor point.
Two segments that create a continuous, symmetrical curve on either side of an associated anchor point. Direction handles for a smooth curve always move in tandem to preserve the smoothness of the curve.
The canvas, or working area. Its dimensions are determined by the resolution of the page you are creating.
Detailed written goals and limits for a project. These are sometimes one of the deliverables of a project.
An area in the left side of the bottom of the document window that displays information about the current document as well as providing controls for zooming or navigating through the document.
Images for which the author retains copyright but for which a license for use is available.
Solid color, pattern, or gradient applied to the edge of a vector object. To make the stroke visible, a weight (width) and color need to be applied to the object. The current stroke color displays in the Stroke square on several panels in Illustrator.
The thickness (width) applied to a stroke on the edge of a path.
An effect applied to a line, such as varying width, hand-drawn, and implied.
The familiar model of mixing red, yellow, and blue ink or paint to make colors. We see the colors because of subtracted light.
Special characters with flowing and elegant endings for the ascenders and descenders.
A predefined, reusable design element accessed via the Symbols panel.
A set of eight tools used to edit symbols contained within a symbol set.
Occurs when you can divide an image along its middle, and the left side of the image is a mirror image of the right (or the top reflects the bottom). Conveys an intentional, formal, and mechanical feeling.
Created by mixing primary and secondary colors.
Describes the actual tactile texture in real objects or the appearance of texture in a two-dimensional image.
Contains all the tools that you can use in Illustrator. It's important to know that most icons on the toolbar provide access to a group of hidden tools when you click and hold on the tool's icon.
Convert shapes in a bitmap image into vector paths. In Illustrator, this can be done manually via the Pen tool or automatically via the Image Trace panel.
The overall space between all the letters in a block of text. It allows you to compress or expand the space between the letters as a whole rather than just between specific pairs, as you do with kerning.
A font's height from the highest ascender to the lowest descender.
Specific letterform set, such as Helvetica, Arial, Garamond, and so on. It is the "look" of letters.
Also known as harmony and sharing similar traits. Low contrast. Things that go together should look like they belong together. The opposite of variety.
Lightness or darkness of an object. Together with color, represents the visible spectrum, such as a gradient.
High contrast. The opposite of unity.
variable width profile
Preset and user-defined settings displayed on the Variable Width Profile menu and applied to an object's stroke.
variable width stroke
A stroke that does not have a uniform width. In Illustrator, use the Variable Width Profile menu (on the Control panel) or the Width tool to create a variable width stroke.
Expresses flow and grace.
An element composed of points connected by straight and curved segments defined by mathematical instructions. Vector object are resolution independent. This means they can be scaled with no loss of edge quality.
Describes the function of stretching letters and distorting the typeface geometry.
The thickness, or width, of a line.
A schematic sketch of a project, commonly used for interactive projects.
Workspace switcher menu
The menu, located on the Application bar, that enables you to choose predefine workspaces and save user-defined, customized workspaces.
Specific arrangements of the panels within the interface for easy access to features you use often. Illustrator provides predefined workspaces or you can create a custom workspace that suits your workflow needs.