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37 terms

Chapt. 4A, 4B Vocabulary of Art

STUDY
PLAY
Line
the path of a moving point
Contour/Outline
defines a 2-D shape
Shape
(2-D) enclosed line
Mass/Form
(3-D) depth, height & width
Light
radiant energy Actual & Implied Digital & electronic
Value
Relative light & dark of a color Chiaroscuro (light & dark)
Color
Hue
Vertical Lines Characteristics
indicate growth & strength
Horizontal lines Characteristics
Appear Calm
Diagonal lines Chracteristics
the most dramatic - they imply movement
Figure
Positive shape, a clear separation form the ground (negative shape)
Shading and Modeling
lines that create mass
Hatching
Closely spaced parallel lines
Cross Hatching
parallel lines intersect like a checkerboard
Stippling
Dots spaced close or far apart to suggest darker or lighter areas
Color Wheel
Made up of the colors refracted by Sir Isaac Newton's prism
Hue
Name of the color
Intensity
Relative purity of a color
Primary Colors
Red, Blue, Yellow - mix all 3 and get white light
Monochromatic
Variations of the same hue
Complementary
Opposite colors on the color wheel
Analogous
Hus next to each other on the color wheel
Triadic
3 equally distant colors on the color wheel
Pointillism
Dots of pure color that tend to mix in our eyes to produce the illusion of color mixtures.
Secondary Colors
Green, Orange, Purple
Complementary Colors
Red/Green, Blue/Orange, Yellow/Purple
Color Harmonies
Colors express emotion & create a cultural & or personal response
Intensity/Saturation
Relative purity of a color
Prism
Separates white light into spectral colors (rainbow)
Texture
Surface quality- Actual: you can touch- Implied: painted or drawn
Impasto
Thick paint surface
Pattern
Regular repetition
Space
Actual 3Dimensional space: height, width,depth
Positive/Negative
Figure, ground
Space
2 dimensional space has only height and width - overlapping (foreground, background), position
Linear perspective
lines recede to a vanishing point
Time & Motion
Implied elapsed time