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34 terms

WWI Terms- 2nd Half

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propaganda
the spreading of ideas that help or hurt a cause
Selective Service
required all men ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
draft
a law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
bureaucracy
a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
Herbert Hoover
the head of the Food Administration during WWI; encouraged an increase of food production by promoting the idea that "food will win the war"
Liberty Bonds
bonds that were sold to help provide money for war
pacifists
people who refuse to fight in war
socialists
people who support community ownership of property and the sharing of all profits
Great Migration
the movement of many Black-Americans into the North because of the many job opportunities provided by the war industries
Vladimir Lenin
the leader of the Bolsheviks who started the 2nd Russian Revolution (communism)
Bolsheviks
the communist party in Russia that took over the government during the 2nd Russian Revolution
2nd Russian Revolution
during October 1917; Bolsheviks led by Lenin tried to overtake the democratic system and turn Russia into a communist government
Russian Civil War
when anti-communists, "White" Russians, fought the communist government "Reds" after the October Revolution of 1917
Treaty of Brest- Litovsk
the treaty signed by Russia and Germany in 1918 that ended Russia's participation in WWI
America's "Unknown" War
when Wilson sent American troops to support "White Russians" who tried to overthrow the communist revolution
The Red Scare
the fear that spread across the nation that a communist revolution would take place in the U.S.; many threats and people were deported or arrested
German "Peace Offensive"
?
American Expeditionary Force
the American troops led by John J. Pershing that fought in Europe during WWI
John J. Pershing
the General who commanded the American Expeditionary Force during WWI
Harlem Hell Fighters
an African American unit that was attached to the French; 369th Infantry
Armistice
an agreement to stop fighting
Abdicate
to give up power
Epidemic
the rapid spread of a contagious disease among a large number of people
Spanish Flu
the epidemic that began to spread in 1918; killed more than 30 million people
Fourteen Points
a peace plan created by Wilson to prevent international problems from causing another war
Self-Determination
the right of national groups to have their own territories and forms of government
League of Nations
an association of nations that had the job of protecting the independence of all countries- large or small
The Big Four
Leaders of Britain, France, Italy, and the U.S. after WWI
Reparations
cash payments for the losses suffered during the war
"Peace without Victory"
Woodrow's goal to end the war without harshly punishing the Germans and other defeated powers
Treaty of Versailles
the most important treaty of Peace of Paris; not accepted by the U.S.
Isolationist
After WWI, Americans who wanted the U.S. to stay out of world affairs
Henry Cabot Lodge
leader who critiqued the League of Nations and Treaty of Versailles because he wanted the U.S. to stop getting involved in wars and European affairs
Sovereignty
the freedom to individuals to exercise rights and functions provided within a territory