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Chapter 1: Environmental Problems, Their Causes, and Sustainability
Terms in this set (56)
What types of energy replaced energy from highly polluting oil and coal
energy from sun, wind, flowing water, underground heat, fuels produced from farm-raised grasses and algae.
Energy has been cut in
the capacity of the earth's natural systems and human cultural systems to survive, flourish, and adapt to changing environmental conditions into the very long-term future.
we depend on the environment for
clean air, water, food, shelter, energy..etc
the biological science that studies how organisms interact with one another and with their environment.
a group of organisms that have a unique set of characteristics that distinguish them from all other organisms
is a set of organisms within a defined area or volume that interact with one another and with their environment of nonliving matter and energy.
a social movement dedicated to protecting the earth's life-support systems for all forms of life.
three themes relating to the long-term sustainability ( 3 principles of sustainability)
solar energy, biodiversity, and chemical cycling...rely on the sun, promote multiple options for life, and reduce waste.
the natural resources and natural services that keep us and other forms alive and support our human economies.
the natural capital equation
are materials and energy in nature that are essential or useful to humans or renewable and non renewable
air, water, soil, plants, wind
are resources that exist in a fixed quantity..copper, oil, coal
processes in nature such as purification of air water and renewal of top soil
is anything that we can obtain from the environment to meet our needs and wants such as solar energy, fertile topsoil, and edible wold plants, petroleum, iron, underground water
it is in supply continuous and is expected to last at least 6 billion years while the sun completes its life cycle..solar energy
the highest rate at which we can use a renewable resource indefinitely without reducing its available supply
using a resource over and over in the same form
involves collecting waste materials and processing them into new materials.
is an increase in a nation's output of goods and services
gross domestic product (GDP)
the annual market value of all goods and services produced by all businesses, foreign and domestic, operating within a country.
per capita GDP
changes in a country's economic growth per person... the gdp divided by the total population at midyear.
is an effort to use econimic growth to improve living standards.
high average income and they include the US, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and most European countries.
about 81%..africa, asia, latin america..
living unsustainable by wasting, depleting and degrading the earth's natural capital at an accelerating rate.
any presence within the environment of a chemical or other agent such as noise or heat at a level that is harmful to the health, survival, or activities of humans or other organisms.
are single identifable sources of pollution such as smokestacks of a coal burning power, drainpipe, exhaust pipe
are dispersed and often difficult to identify such as runoff, trash,
causes of environmental problems
population growth, unsustainable resources use, poverty, excluding environmental costs from market prices
the amount of biologically productive land and water needed to provide the people in a particular country or area with an undefined supply of renewable resources and to absorb and recycle the wastes and pollution produced by such resource use.
per capita ecological footprint
is the average ecological footprint of an individual in a given country or area.
between the unsustainable use of renewable resources and the resulting harmful environmental effects
ecological tipping point
time delays can allow an environmental problem to build slowly until it reaches a threshold level which causes an often irreversible shift in the behavior of a natural system.
is your set of assumptions and values reflecting how you think the world works and what you think your role in the world should be
which are beliegs about what is right and wrong with how we treat the environment
planetary management worldview
holds that we are seperate from and in charge of nature that nature exsists mainly to meet ouy needds and increasing wants
holds that we can and should manage the earth for our benefit but that we have an ethical responsibility to be caring and responsible managers or stewards
environmental wisdom worldvieq
holds that we are part of and dependent on nature and that nature exists for all species
4 fields of study related to environmental sciece
politics, construction, business, mining/ oil industry,economists, lawyers
what is natural capital? give examples to help explain your answer
natural capital is the amount of natural resources and natural services that nature has for us until we hit the tipping point. we are given only so many organisms and resources and if we deplete them or their habitats too fast then nature can not keep up and things go extinct or hit the tipping point and we can never use them again
developing (Latin america, middle east, Africa)
largest percentage of world's population
highest rate of population growth
more pollution and waste
highest resource use
3 things we can do to reduce the rate in which we use our nonrenewable resources
reduce, reuse, recycle: 1) pay more for the entire cost of environment 2) limit how much 3) don't use the saying "if i don't someone else will.
non point source
plactic in the ocean
non point source
fertilizer run-off in a lake
A pipe entering a river from a sewage treatment plant
our coal burning power plant
non point source
the oil residue in a river from storm drains
3 types of the major causes of environmental problems
poverty, population growth, unsustainable living
tragedy of the commons
common property and open access renewable resources degraded from over use
This set is often in folders with...
New Practical Chinese Reader 1 - Lesson 4
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 15
New Practical Chinese Reader 1 - Lesson 5
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