14 terms

Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 9

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Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius
Cellular respiration
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxygen
Aerobic
"In air", process that requires oxygen
Anaerobic
Process that does not require oxygen
Glycolysis
1 molecule of glucose, a 6 carbon compound -> 2 molecules of Pyruvic acid, 3 carbon compound
NAD+
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
Krebs cycle
Pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy- extracting reactions
Matrix
The innermost compartment of the mitochondrion and the site of the Krebs cycle reactions
Fermentation
The combined process of a pathway that makes it possible to produce ATP without oxygen and glycolysis
Food
Where do organisms get their energy?
Electron transport chain
What uses the high- energy electrons from glycolysis and the Krebs cycle to convert ADP into ATP
Photosynthesis; cellular respiration
_______ removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and _______ puts it back
36
Glycolysis, Krebs, and electron transport chain use about __ molecules of ATP per molecule of glucose
Energy
In the absence of oxygen, fermentation releases _______ from food molecules by producing ATP