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History Chapter 4 Test: Progressivism
Terms in this set (57)
The novel "The Jungle" prompted an investigation in to what?
the meatpacking industry
Many Progressives who followed Walter Rauschenbusch's Social Gospel program believed that what?
Christianity should be the basis of social reform
Which reform resulted from the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory?
worker's compensation laws
Many Progressive reformers targeted city officials who built corrupt organizations called what?
Industrial workers often labored with what?
Progressive women reformers worked to what?
limit the workday
What reform did the 19th Amendment enact?
women's suffrage (right to vote)
The NWP and NAWSA primarily differed in their what?
What was one goal of the Americanization movement during the Progressive Era?
to make immigrants more loyal and moral citizens
The reforms advocated by the Progressive movement were intended mainly to what?
promote political, social, and economic change through government intervention
Which group formed the Anti-Defamation League to defend itself against verbal attacks and false statements?
A 1913 California law forced Japanese Americans to what?
sell their land
For what purpose was the Women's Christian Temperance Union formed?
to protect the home and ban liquor
What legislation gave the government the authority to set and limit shipping costs?
the Hepburn Act
Why did Roosevelt run for the presidency in 1912?
Taft's political decisions angered Roosevelt
Wilson tried to protect workers by doing what?
lowering tariffs on goods imported from foreign countries
Why did the U.S. banking system need to be reformed in the early 1900's?
The nation had no central authority to supervise banks
President Wilson pushed for the passage of the Adamson Act to what?
prevent a nationwide railroad strike
What fields did Progressives aim to reform?
government, education, and workplace conditions
What was one way Progressives differed from Populists?
Progressives were typically middle class city dwellers, and Populists were mostly farmers
Wilson's New Freedom worked to improve what?
Progressives that promoted Americanization efforts did what?
Encouraged immigrants to follow white, middle-class ways of life
What describes the Urban League?
focused on helping poor African American workers
In 1914, Congress formed the Federal Trade Commission to do what?
protect consumers against unfair business practices
Theodore Roosevelt tried to win the Republican nomination from William Howard Taft in the 1912 election because he believed that Taft what?
had failed to live up to progressive ideals
In a direct primary what?
all party members vote for a candidate to run in the general election
One provision of the Clayton Antitrust Act banned what?
To restore public confidence in the banking system, Wilson supported the establishment of a what?
Federal Reserve System
In the election of 1912, Theodore Roosevelt became the presidential candidate for the newly formed what?
A meeting in 1905 that included W.E.B. DuBois and other African-American leaders to demand full political rights and responsibilities for African Americans resulted in the founding of what?
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
What progressive government reform allowed votes to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office?
What were crusading journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption called?
When President Wilson succeeded in reducing tariffs as a source of revenue, the government made up for it by creating a what?
The tragedy of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire of 1911 drew national attention to what?
protect the safety of workers
A belief shared by Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson is that the Federal Government should what?
use its power to regulate unfair business practices
Teddy Roosevelt created the U.S. Forest Service and the National Park Service because why?
he recognized that natural resources were limited and believed that their use need to be controlled
When Teddy Roosevelt promised a "Square Deal" he was pledging to what?
use government to protect the people
One of the weaknesses of the Progressives was their record on what?
civil rights for minorities
Women in the U.S. won the right to vote in national elections under what amendment?
the 19th Amendment
The U.S. Forest Service, Meat Inspection Act of 1906, Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, and the newly created Department of Labor all served what common purpose?
promote the general welfare of the American public
In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court did what?
established the "separate but equal" doctrine
A goal of the "Square Deal" was to what?
promote fair industrial competition
What early civil rights activist believed that African Americans would earn rights by patiently waiting their turn?
Booker T. Washington
Why did minority groups receive limited benefits from Progressivism?
Many Progressives held racist ideas about minority groups
What supports the ideas of Progressive movement?
strict government regulation of business practices is a means to insure the public good
What Progressive Era political reform allows voters to choose party candidates to run for elected public office?
Socially conscious writers who exposed abuses in business and government
A community center that provided social services to the urban poor
The president who created the New Freedom
an organization that worked for women's suffrage
an African American leader who urged African Americans to demand immediate recognition of their rights
an organization that used the courts to challenge laws that were unfair to African Americans
Theodore Roosevelt's plan for fair government
an African American leader who believed in slow changes to social status
Booker T. Washington
worked to abolish alcohol in the U.S.
legislation that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act by spelling out the specific activities in which businesses could not engage
Clayton Antitrust Act
known as a trustbuster and conservationist
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