- Parenteral nutrition (PPN) - intravenous solution that includes dextrose, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, trace elements, and water.
- It is administered through up Central venous catheter, tunneled catheter, peripherally inserted central catheter, or implanted port into a large vein (hypertonic so it's thick)
- It's indicated when the gastrointestinal tract cannot be used for enteral feeding or cannot absorb adequate nutrients to maintain health.
- Severe inflammatory bowel disease, fistula, acute pancreatitis, and massive bowel resection
7th Edition•ISBN: 9780323527361Julie S Snyder, Mariann M Harding 7th Edition•ISBN: 9780323087896 (1 more)Julie S Snyder, Linda Lilley, Shelly Collins 7th Edition•ISBN: 9780323402118Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton 7th Edition•ISBN: 9781260476965Kathryn A Booth, Leesa Whicker, Sandra Moaney Wright, Terri D Wyman