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55 terms

Gothic

Review for the AP test.
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Early Gothic time period
1140-1194
High gothic: Rayonnant time period
1194-1300
Late Gothic: Flamboyant Gothic time period
after 1300
Perpendicular Gothic time period
after 1350
Perpendicular Gothic location
England
First Gothic building
Saint-Denis
Gothic building begins in this country
France
Characterized by this support system
flying buttresses
Gothic manuscripts influenced by this
stained glass
Late Gothic period marked by these 3 events
The Hundred Years' War, the Babylonian Captivity, and the Black Death
Dates of the Hundred Year's War
1337-1453
Overseer of a manuscript
chef d'atelier
Overseer of a cathedral
master builder
Earliest example of flying buttresses is found here
Notre dame
Characterized by round columns in interior, rib vaults only go to tops of capitals
Early Gothic
Notre Dame and Saint-Denis are examples
Early Gothic
rib vaults go from ceiling to floor, larger window space, choirs, and chevets, compound piers common, more scultpure on facade
High Gothic
Amiens and Chartres are examples
High Gothic
Large rose windows, thing groups of column shafts, refined tracery
Rayonnant
Saint-Chapelle is an example
Rayonnant
highly decorative, a lot of pinnacles and tracery, ogree arches
Flamboyant
Saint-Maclou is an example
Flamboyant
pronounced central spires, small flying buttresses and portals, lower towers, wide facades with a lot of sculpture, nave ends in square, often has 2 transepts
English Gothic
enormous window spaces interlaced with elaborate decorative vertical patterns of stone tracery, fan vaults
Perpendicular Gothic
Patron of Saint-Denis
Abbot Suger
radiating chapels open up to create a continuous space, rib vaults stop at capitals, a lot of stained glass, pointed arches
Saint-Denis
Saint-Denis (dates)
1140-1144
Notre Dame (date)
begun 1150s
Notre Dame (location)
Paris, France
rib vaults stop at capitals, sexpartite vaults which span 2 bays, flying buttresses used on large scale
Notre Dame
Notre Dame facade first floor
portal sculpture
Notre Dame facade second floor
gallery of 28 kings from Old Testament
Notre Dame facade third floor
rose window
Notre Dame facade fourth floor
hanging space for cathedral bells
Notre Dame facade fifth floor
bell towers
Chartres Cathedral (date)
begun 1134
Chartres Cathedral (location)
Chartres, France
high gothic nave, each vault spans 1 bay, large windows, legendary stained glass, north tower added later
Chartres Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral (location)
Amiens, France
Amiens Cathedral (date)
begun 1220
high gothic, 4-part rib vaults, vaults very high, sculpture above doors in arches, narrow nave enhances verticality
Amiens Cathedral
Salisbury Cathedral (date)
begun 1220
Salisbury Cathedral (location)
Salisbury, England
Saint-Denis (image)
Notre Dame (image)
Chartres Cathedral (image)
Amiens Cathedral (image)
Salisbury Cathedral (image)
Sainte-Chapelle (image)
Saint-Maclou (image)
wide facade with a lot of sculpture, subdued flying buttresses, 2 transepts, square apse, long horizontal emphasis, tal central spire added in 19th century
Salisbury Cathedral
Sainte-Chapelle (dates)
1243-1248
Sainte-Chapelle (location)
Paris, France
rayonnant style, 3/4 of wall space is windows, slender columns, adjoins royal palace
Sainte-Chapelle
Built to house sacred artifacts by Louis IX, including the crown of thorns
Sainte-Chapelle

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