29 terms

Parts of Speech Terms and Definitions

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noun
names a person, place, thing, or idea
collective noun
names a group (ex. herd or flock)
compound noun
made up of 2 or more words used together as a single noun (ex. baseball or mother-in-law)
abstract noun
names an idea, a feeling, a quality, or a characteristic (ex. happiness)
concrete noun
names a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses (tangible)
common noun
names any one of of a group of persons, places, things, or ideas
proper noun
a particular person, place, thing, or idea; is always capitalized
pronoun
a word used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns
personal pronoun
a part of speech that refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about (1st, 2nd, or 3rd person)
intensive pronoun
emphasizes a noun or another pronoun; ends in -self or -selves; can be left out without changing the meaning of the sentence
reflexive pronoun
refers to the subject and functions as a complement or an onject of a preposition; ends in -self or -selves; is essential to the meaning of the sentence (required)
demonstrative pronoun
points out a person, place, thing, or idea (this, that, these, those)
interrogative pronoun
introduces a question (who, whom, whose, which, what)
indefinite pronoun
refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that may or may not be specifically named (ex. everyone)
relative pronoun
introduces a subordinate clause (who, whom, whose, which, that)
antecedent
the word that a pronoun stands for
adjective
a word used to modify a noun or pronoun; tells what kind, which one, how many, or how much
verb
a word used to express action or state of being
action verb
exprsses either mental or physical activity
linking verb
connects the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject (ex. is, was)
transitive verb
expresses an action directed toward a person, place, thing, or idea (answers "what" or "whom" AFTER the action verb)
intransitive verb
a. action verb with NO direct object
-OR-
b. linking verb (always intransitive)
adverb
a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb; answers how, when, why, or to what extent
preposition
a word that shows the relationship of a noun of pronoun(the object) to another word (ex. over, to, on, around)
object of a preposition
noun or pronoun that follows a preposition
conjunction
a word used to join words or a group of words
coordinating conjunctions
join words or groups of words that are used in the same way (FANBOYS)
correlative conjunctions
PAIRS of conjunctions that join words or other words that are used in the same way (ex. not only...but also) *correlatives have relatives
interjection
a word used to express emotion