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30 terms

REVIEW For 4 and 5 retest

STUDY
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Compare exponential growth of organisms that reproduce rapidly with exponential growth of organisms that reproduce slowly.
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If one population of pine trees consists of 25 trees in 5 square kilometers and another population consists of 25 trees in 2 square kilometers, which population has the higher density? Why?
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Infer Consider the following statement: "Size and shape are NOT reliable indicators of how closely different organisms are related." What information shown in Figure 18-6 supports this statement?
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Infer If you were adding a column to Figure 18-6 for the protist species Amoeba proteus, would this species share any taxonomic category with any of the other organisms in the table? Explain your answer.
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Interpret Tables How many different kingdoms are represented by the organisms listed in Figure 18-6? What are they?
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Interpret Tables Which level of taxonomic category shown in Figure 18-6 indicates whether an organism is a mammal or not?
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Interpret Tables Which two organisms listed in Figure 18-6 are most closely related to each other? Explain.
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Draw Conclusions What is the most likely reason why the population of P. caudatum decreased in Graph III of Figure 5-5?
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Observe What type of population growth curve can be observed in Graphs I and II of Figure 5-5?
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Interpret Graphs From Figure 5-5, which species has the greater growth rate overall when the species are grown together? Describe the growth curve of P. caudatum in Graph III.
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Figure 4-8 shows a decrease in the deer population after 1925. Give one possible reason for this population decline. Explain your reasoning.
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Linnaeus's system of classification has seven taxonomic levels.
true
Resource shortages triggered by increasing population size are density-independent limiting factors.
f, dependent
When you graph a population's exponential growth over time, you will have an S-shaped graph.
f, j-shaped
Method of sampling where a grid is marked off and areas are randomly chosen to count the population of species.
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Based on their names, you know that the baboons Papio annubis and Papio cynocephalus do NOT belong to the same
species
For many species, there are often regional differences in their
taxa
The human population experienced exponential growth after
the industrial revolution began
Which of the following is a density-independent limiting factor?
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Which would be least likely to be affected by a density-dependent limiting factor?
A small, scattered population
Each of the following is a density-dependent limiting factor EXCEPT
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Using Figure 5-2, what is the most likely cause of the decrease in moose population immediately after 1995?
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The graph in Figure 5-1 shows the growth of a bacterial population. Which of the following correctly describes the growth curve?
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Figure 4-2 shows succession in an ecosystem. What organisms are found in the climax community for this ecosystem?
mix group of large trees
If a population grows larger than the carrying capacity of the environment, the
death rate may rise
There are 150 Saguaro cactus plants per square kilometer in a certain area of Arizona desert. To which population characteristic does this information refer?
population density
Which factor might NOT contribute to an exponential growth rate in a given population?
reduced resources
How is parasitism different from commensalism?
one organism is harmed in parasitism and no organisms are harmed in commensalism
Something that controls the growth or size of a population is a
limiting factor
A wolf pack hunts, kills, and feeds on a moose. In this interaction, the wolves are
predators