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Terms in this set (34)
Is counterstain direct or indirect?
what is the definition of counterstain
system of diagnosis and indirect treatment in which somatic dysfunction, diagnosed by an associated myofascial counterstrain point is treated by using a position of spontaneous tissue release while simultaneosly monitoring the point
Who discovered counterstrain
What is the proprioceptive theory?
counterstrain points develop when local muscle fibers are maintained in a hypertonic state
What is the sustained abnormal metabolism theory
tissue injury alters body position affecting microcirculation and tissue metabolism causing a degree of localized inflammation
What is the impaired ligamento-muscular reflex theory
dysfunction may result of a mix of all three theories
what is a soft tissue location that is tender to palpation called
what is a site within the muscle that spontaneously produces pain and refers pain to a site distant from the trigger point called?
active trigger point
what is a site within the muscle that only produces referred pain when stimulated called?
latent trigger point
Steps for the counterstrain technique?
Find a significant counterstrain point.
2) Assign a pain level (10 of 10).
3) Position the patient for maximum comfort. (Pain level or 3 or less, 0 is
4) Maintain the position for 90 seconds.
5) Slowly return the patient to a neutral position while maintaining contact with
6) Recheck the point.
which position is patient head positioned to fix an AC1?
which position is patient head positioned to fix an AC2-6?
Which position is patietn head positioned to fix an AC7?
Which position is patient head positioned to fix and AC8
Where do you place your finger for AC1?
posterior aspect of ascending mandible just under the ear
Where do you palce your finger for AC2-6
On the anterolateral aspect of the corresponding anterior tubercle of the transverse process
Where do you place your finger for AC7?
On the posterior-superior surface of the clavicle at the clavicular attachment of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
Where do you place your finger for AC8?
On the medial head of the clavicle at the sternal attachment of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
How do you position the head to fix PC1inion?
How do you position the head to fix PC1lateral/occiput?
How do you position the head to fix PC2 lateral/occiput?
How do you position the head to fix PC2 midline?
How do you position the head to fix PC3?
How do you position the head to fix PC4-8 midline
How do you position the head to fix PC3-7 lateral
where do you place your finger for PC1inion?
On the inferior nuchal line, just lateral to the inion
where do you place your finger for PC1lateral?
Just below nuchal line midway between inion and mastoid, associated with semispinalis capitis and obliquus capitis superior
Where do you place your finger for PC2 lateral?
a little more below PC1 lateral and closer to midline
Where do you place your finger for PC2, 4-8 middle?
on superior aspect of respective spinous process
Where do you place your finger for PC3 midline?
on the inferolateral aspect of the C2 spinous process
where do you place your finger for PC3-C7 lateral?
On the posterior lateral aspect of the articular process associated with the dysfunctional segment
How long do you keep pressure on the point?
What is an indication for the endpoint of the technique?
a softening and warming of the tissue
WHat should the patient be reminded to do post treatmet?
remain hydrated well for the next 24-48 hours
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