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Judaism Review

Ask me at school if you want to know.
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"Mouth" Sukkoth Species
Willow
"Spine" Sukkoth Species
Palm
"Eyes" Sukkoth Species
Myrtle
"Heart" Sukkoth Species
Etrog
Sukkoth
Festival of Booths
What day of what Judaic month is Sukkoth?
15th day of Tishri
How long is Sukkoth?
8 days
What does Sukkoth celebrate?
The time spent in the desert after the Exodus
Sukkah
Booth with 3 walls and a hole in the roof
What does the hole in a Sukkah's ceiling represent?
God watching over us
Seudat Mitzvah
Celebration feast after a bar/bat mitzvah
Minyan
10 adult jewish men necessary to lead religious ceremonies
Bar Mitzvah
Son of the Commandment
Bat Mitzvah
Daughter of the Commandment
What does a Bar/Bat Mitzvah celebrate?
The passage from childhood to adulthood
Balfour Declaration
Declared that Britain would support the creation of Israel
When was the Balfour Declaration published?
1917
Zionism
Jewish National movement to create a Jewish state in Palestine
What does emptying breadcrumbs into a river symbolize on Rosh Hashanah?
Sins being released and forgiven
Shofar
Ram's horn trumpet
Food on Rosh Hashanah
Apples dipped in honey, challah
Rosh Hashanah
Jewish New Year
What is banned on Yom Kippur?
Eating, Drinking, Sex, Leather shoes, bathing, perfume
Kol Nidre Prayer
First prayer on Yom Kippur, releases a person from the promises with God they cannot keep
What does Matzah represent?
The bread that did not have time to rise during the Exodus
Shank of lamb on a Seder plate
The lamb who's blood covered the doorframes on the Jew's houses so that the angel of death would "pass over" them
Hard Boiled egg on a Seder plate
New life, new beginnings
Bitter herbs on a Seder plate
The tears of the Slaves
Haroset
crushed apples and nuts
Haroset on a Seder plate
The mortar of the buildings the slaves had to build
Green Veggies on a Seder plate
how good life was before slavery
5 things on a Seder plate
Bitter herbs, hard boiled egg, green veggies, haroset, shank of lamb
Start of Passover
15th day of Nissan
Date of Yom Kippur
10th day of Tishri
Yom Kippur's significance
the day your fate/luck for the coming year is sealed
10 days of repentance
From Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur
10th plague of Egypt
First born of every house dies
9th plague of Egypt
Dense fog blinded everyone
8th plague of Egypt
Locusts blacked out the sky
7th Plague of Egypt
Huge hail storm killed everything outside
6th Plague of Egypt
A rash covered every living thing
5th plague of Egypt
All the livestock died
4th Plague of Egypt
Millions of flies covered everything
3rd Plague of Egypt
Lice and gnats covered everything
2nd Plague of Egypt
Frogs covered the land
1st Plague of Egypt
The Nile turned to Blood
Shemini Atzeret
8th day of Sukkoth, yearly cycle of Torah reading ends and new one begins
Ashkenazi
Jews from Central and Eastern Europe
Sephardic
Jews from Iberia
Sephardic Language
Ladino
Ashkenazi Language
Yiddish
Kosher
Food that meets the requirements of the Jewish Dietary laws
Kosher (meat and dairy rule)
The two cannot be cooked or eaten together, and separate utensils must be used to prepare them
Kosher (fish rule)
Fish must have fins and scales
Kosher (animal rule)
Must have 4 feet, split hooves and chew the cud
Terefah
Forbidden food under the rule of Kosher
Kosher (animal death rules)
cannot have died of natural causes, cannot have any blood remaining in the body, no physical blemishes
Shehiah
hesitation
Drasa
pausing, hesitation
Chalada
thrusting
Hargamah
deflecting, deviating
Ikur
tearing
4 Kosher labels
Orthodox Union, The Organized Kashrus Laboratories, Star-K Kosher Certification, Kof-K Supervision Organization
Sabbath
Weekly day of rest for Jews.
What does Abraham mean?
father of many nations
Ishmael
Abraham's first son by Hagar (First son)
Isaac
Abraham's first son by Sarah (Second son)
Moses Maimonides
Wrote the Mishneh Torah (rabbinic commentaries on the Torah)
Orthodox Judaism
Jews who follow all of the rules set in the Code of Jewish law
Difference between Conservative and Orthodox Jews
Whether you believe there is a human element in the Torah
When was the first temple destroyed?
586 BC
When was the second temple destroyed?
70 AD
What is a Synagogue?
A building or place of meeting for Jewish worship and religious instruction
How do people sit in an Orthodox Synagogue?
Men sit downstairs and woman sit separately in the wings or on the balconys
How do people sit in a Reform Synagogue?
Men and women sit together
Yamaka
A hat that Jewish men wear to Synagogue
First day of Hanukkah
25 of Kislev
Bimah
An elevated platform in a Synagogue from which the Torah is read
Which direction does the Bimah face
Toward Jerusalem
Bahir
Book of Brightness
Zohar
Book of Radiance
Abraham Abulafa
Opened the study of Kabbalah to those who do not understand Hebrew
Peshat
Literal interpretation of the Torah
Remez
Homiletical interpretation of the Torah
Clerash
Allegorical interpretation of the Torah
Sod
Secret interpretation of the Torah
Adam Kadmon
the "heavenly man" or body of God. The divine prototype of humanity, his body is represented by the Sefirot
Torah (kabbalistic Belief)
The torah is the feminine embodiment of God
No-thingness
That god is no-thing, no specific thing we can understand
Keter
First Sefirot, "first ripple of will", "God's will to reveal himself"
Chokhmah
Second Sefirot, "seed of god's creation"
Binah
Third Sefirot, "womb of creation"
Da'at
(11th) secret Sefirot, "Internalization of knowledge"
Chesed
Fourth Sefirot, "love, mercy and expansiveness"
Geruvah
Fifth Sefirot, "Strictness, rules, and limitations"
Tif'ereth
Sixth Sefirot, "the union of good and evil" "There is a point to all of this"
Netzach
Seventh Sefirot, "animalistic urge to expand and conquer"
Hod
Eighth Sefirot, "the impulse to sacrifice for the greater good"
Yesod
Ninth Sefirot, "the urge to continue our species, while in balance with the rest of your ecosystem"
Malkuth
Tenth Sefirot, "Our perception of reality"
Atzilut
The world of God; god is all.
Beriah
World of angels
Metatron
Angel who guards Yetzirah
Yetzirah
World of "Eden", Ideal human world
Assiah
World of Shells, the world we live in now
Theosophy
Deep spiritual understanding of god