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50 terms

Exam 3

STUDY
PLAY
intelligence test
Psychologists use_______ to assess individuals' mental aptitudes and compare them with those of others.
identify clusters of closely related test items.
Factor analysis is a statistical procedure that can be used to.
savant syndrome
In 8 to 10 seconds, the late memory whiz Kim Peek could read and remember the contents of a book page. Yet, he had little capacity for understanding abstract concepts. Kim's mental capacities best illustrate.
creativity
The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas is called.
emotional intelligence
Although Nicole scored well above average on an academic aptitude test, she frequently loses her temper and needlessly antagonizes even her best friends. Her behavior best illustrates a low level of.
identify children likely to have difficulty learning in regular school classes.
Binet designed a test of intellectual abilities in order to
A selective breeding of highly intelligent people
The eugenics movement would have been most likely to encourage
aptitude tests
Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills are called.
assess learned knowledge or skills
Achievement tests are designed to
68
About ____ percent of WAIS scores fall between 85 and 115
reliability
If a test yields consistent results every time it is used, it has a high degree of
need or desire that energizes and directs behavior toward a goal
Motivation is defined by psychologists as
unlearned
An instinctive behavior is one that is
a drive
For a thirsty person, drinking water serves to reduce
the body's tendency to maintain a constant internal state
Homeostasis, which is the goal of drive reduction, is defined as
food and water
The most basic or lowest-level need in Maslow's hierarchy of human motives includes the need for
person might choose to die than betray his or her country
On the basis of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, one would be LEAST likely to predict that a
grammar test
Girls are most likely to outperform boys in a
Detecting other people's emotions
Research suggests that women are more skilled than men at
very persistent and difficult to change
A homosexual orientation is
the reported backgrounds of homosexuals and heterosexuals are similar
Research on the environmental conditions that influence sexual orientation indicates that
a maternal immune response
It has been suggested that the fraternal birth-order effect is a result of
fruit flies
By manipulating a single gene, scientists have been able to control sexual orientation in
a cognitive label, physical arousal
According to the two-factor theory, the two basic components of emotions are _____ and _______
two-factory theory
Noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty while he was taking a difficult test, Harley concluded that he was "anxious" Noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty when an attractive lady asked him to dance, Harley concluded that he was "falling in love" The differing emotions experienced by Harley can best be explained by the
sympathetic
As her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Blair's heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her ____ nervous system.
test performance is influenced by cultural experiences
Intelligence tests are "biased" in the sense that
best, very low
Thaddeus will play a violin solo at his school tomorrow. His musical performance is likely to be _______ if his physiological arousal during the performance is_____
perspiration levels
Boyd, a suspect in a criminal investigation, has agreed to take a lie detector test. The machine used in this test is most likely to measure his
anger
People are especially good at quickly detecting facial expressions of
introverts do better than extroverts, and women do better than men
In terms of ability to recognize others' facial expressions of emotion
release
The term catharsis refers to emotional
are young or old
A general sense of happiness or life satisfaction is most unrelated to wheter people
alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion
The three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are
Philip, a competitive, hot-tempered corporation president
Who is the best example of a Type A personality
rats could control the termination of the shocks
Rats that received electric shocks were unlikely to develop ulcers if the
aerobic exercise, relaxation exercises
Mildly depressed female college students assigned to a program of _____ reported a greater decrease in depression than those assigned to a program of _____
personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting is his or her
free association
reporting whatever thoughts come to mind even if they are trivial or embarrassing is characteristic of
Id
when 2 year old Matthew was told he would get not dessert until he finish the food on his plate , he thew his plate on the ground in a temper tantrum. freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of
repression
banish anxiety arousing thoughts from consciousness
regression
retreating to a more infantile psychosexual stage
projection
the defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called
displacement
children who release unexpressed anger toward their parents b kicking the family dog illustrate the defense mechanism of
denial
a refusal to believe direct and highly credible evidence that your spouse is suffering a terminal illness best illustrates
validity
Rorschach inkblot test results diagnose many normal adults as disordered. this indicates that the test
repression
Survivor's vivid memories of Nazi death camp experiences most clearly challenge Freud's concept of
unconditional positive regard
carl rogers referred to an attitude of total acceptance toward another person as
extraversion
Sheryl is a very outgoing and fun-loving.she prefers to be around other people most the time.she most clearly ranks high in the big 5 trait dimensions known as
individuals can influence their own outcomes in life
those who perceive an internal locus of control believed that