24 terms

vocab

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Nubia
civilization to the South of ancient Egypt
kemet
"black land"; fertile land
Red Land
desert land
cataracts
waterfall or rapids in a river
delta
a fan-shaped area of silt near where a river flows into the sea
shaduf
a bucket attached to a long pole used to transfer river water to storage basins
papyrus
plant that grows naturally along the Nile and was used by ancient Egyptians to make many things
hieroglyphs
a writing system made up of a combination of pictures and sound symbols
cartouche
Ancient Egyptian name plates written in hieroglyphs
Rosetta Stone
artifact with inscription written in three different languages; was used by scholars to decipher hieroglyphics
dynasty
ruling family
theocracy
government by religious leaders
pharaoh
ruler of ancient Egypt
absolute power
power to rule and make decisions alone
bureaucrat
a government official
vizier
advisor to the pharaoh
regent
temporary ruler in place of the official ruler
afterlife
afterlife
embalmer
person who treats a body to keep it from decaying
pyramid
great stone tomb built for an Egyptian pharaoh
mummification
process of preserving a pharaoh's body before entombing it
mummy
preserved body of a pharaoh
sarcophagus
outer coffin
Nile River
main source of water for Egyptians