Phrasal verbs: Intermediate
Terms in this set (71)
LOOK UP sth or LOOK sth UP: You can look up any new words in your dictionary.
You can find the meaning of any new words in your dictionary. To look at a book or computer in order to find a piece of information.
GET THROUGH: I tried to phone her but I couldn't get through.
I tried to phone her but I couldn't get a connection. To manage to talk to someone on the telephone.
MAKE sb OUT or MAKE OUT sb: I just can't make Jim out at all.
To understand why someone behaves in the way that they do.
LOOK UP: Things are looking up.
If a situation is looking up, it is improving.
EAT OUT: We were too tired to cook at home so we decided to eat out.
To eat a meal in a restaurant, not at home. No object needed.
BRING BACK sth or BRING sth BACK: This photograph brings back happy memories (or brings happy memories back).
To make someone remember or think about something from the past.
ASK sb OUT or ASK OUT sb: I'd love to ask Sally out (or ask out Sally).
To invite someone to come with you to a place such as the cinema or a restaurant, especially as a way of starting a romantic relationship.
LOOK AFTER sb/sth: I'll look after the baby while you're cooking. Will you look after my flowers while I'm away?
To take care of someone or something by doing what is needed to keep them well or in good condition.
RING (sb) BACK: I'll ring you back later.
To telephone someone for the second time, or to telephone someone who rang you earlier.
DROP OFF sth or DROP sth OFF: I dropped the bags off at the counter.
I left the bags at the counter (стойка). To take someone to a place that they want to go to, or to deliver something to a place, usually in a car, often when you are going somewhere else.
SEND OFF sth or SEND sth OFF, TURN UP: I sent off the order last week but the goods haven't turned up yet.
SEND OFF sth or SEND sth OFF = post. To send a letter, document or parcel by post.
TURN UP = arrive. If someone or something turns up somewhere, they arrive at that place.
COME ACROSS sth/sb, TAKE DOWN sth or TAKE sth DOWN: I came across an interesting book in the library. I took down the title, here it is.
COME ACROSS = find. To discover something by chance, or to meet someone by chance.
TAKE DOWN sth or TAKE sth DOWN = write down (записать). To write something, especially something that someone says.
ASK sb OVER/AROUND/ROUND, PLAY UP, BREAK DOWN. We asked some friends around to watch a film, but the video was playing up and it eventually broke down.
ASK sb OVER/AROUND/ROUND = to invite someone to come to your house.
PLAY UP (British & Australian) = not work properly. If a machine or part of a machine plays up, it does not work as it should.
BREAK DOWN = stop working.
BRING UP sth or BRING sth UP, SORT OUT sth or SORT sth OUT: I brought up this problem at the last meeting. It's really time to sort out the problem.
BRING UP = mention. To start to talk about a particular subject.
SORT OUT = deal with. To make a decision about something by discussing it with someone else or by considering it carefully.
MESS sb ABOUT/AROUND, PUT OFF sth/doing sth or PUT sth OFF, CALL OFF sth or CALL sth OFF: I wish he'd stop messing us about! He's put the meeting off three times and now he wants to call it off altogether.
MESS sb ABOUT/AROUND (informal) = cause inconvenience. To treat someone badly, especially by changing your mind a lot or not doing what you have promised.
PUT OFF sth/doing sth or PUT sth OFF = postpone (отложить). To decide or arrange to do something at a later time.
CALL OFF sth or CALL sth OFF = cancel. To decide that a planned event or activity will not happen especially because it is no longer possible or useful.
LOOK FORWARD TO sth/doing sth: I'm looking forward to the weekend.
Ждать чего-то с нетерпением. To feel pleased and excited about something that is going to happen.
GO OUT WITH sb: She's been going out with him for six months now.
Встречаться с кем-либо. To have a romantic relationship with someone.
LOOK DOWN ON sb/sth: She seems to look down on people who are less intelligent than her.
Смотреть свысока на кого-либо. To think that someone is less important than you, or to think that something is not good enough quality for you to use.
DO AWAY WITH sth/GET RID OF sth: The school decided to do away with the language lab as no-one was using it. The school decided to get rid of the language lab as no-one was using it.
Избавиться от чего-либо/кого-либо.
COME UP AGAINST sth/sb: I came up against against a serious problem when I tried to save my work onto a disk.
Столкнуться с чем-либо. To have to deal with a difficult situation or someone who disagrees with you or tries to stop you doing what you want to do.
GET AWAY WITH sth/doing sth: How can some students get away with doing no work and yet pass the exams?
Выйти сухим из воды, делать что-либо безнаказанно. To do something successfully even though it is not the best way of doing it.
PUT UP WITH sth/sb: Her husband is so horrible. I don't know how she puts up with him.
Терпеть что-либо/кого-либо. To accept unpleasant behaviour or an unpleasant situation even though you do not like it.
GIVE IN sth or GIVE sth IN: I gave my essay in yesterday.
I handed it to the teacher yesterday. (сдавать эссе, домашнюю работу и т.п.) To give a piece of written work or a document to someone for them to read, judge, or deal with.
GIVE IN: Her parents finally gave in and let her go to the party.
They agreed to something they had refused before. (сдались, поддались).
GET ON (sth): She got on the bus.
To go onto a bus, train, aircraft, or boat.
GET ON: Jim and Mary don't get on.
They don't like each other and are not friendly to each other.
COME ROUND/COME AROUND: Would you like to come round this evening?
Come to my home. Приходить в гости. To visit someone at their house.
COME ROUND/COME AROUND: He was unconscious for three hours but came round in hospital.
To become conscious again. Прийти в сознание.
TAKE OFF sth or TAKE sth OFF: Please take off your shoes when you enter the temple.
Please remove your shoes when you enter the temple. To remove something, especially something that you are wearing.
TURN UP: Everyone turned up on time for the meeting.
Everyone arrived on time for the meeting. If someone or something turns up somewhere, they arrive at that place.
PUT OFF sth/doing sth or PUT sth OFF: Let's put off the meeting until Friday.
Let's postpone the meeting until Friday. To decide or arrange to do something at a later time.
BREAK DOWN: The car broke down on the way to the airport.
Сломаться. If a machine or a vehicle breaks down, it stops working.
CUT OFF sb/sth or CUT sb/sth OFF: The heavy snow blocked the roads and cut the farm off completely.
Отрезать (от внешнего мира). To prevent people from reaching a place or leaving a place.
GET OVER sth: It took him a long time to get over his illness.
Восстановиться. To begin to feel better after an experience that has made you unhappy.
KEEP ON doing sth: It isn't easy to learn German but you must keep on trying.
Продолжать. To continue to do something, or to do something again and again.
PICK UP sth/sb or PICK sth/sb UP: If you'd like a lift to the station tomorrow, I can pick you up at 9 a.m.
Забрать. To collect someone who is waiting for you, or to collect something that you have left somewhere or that you have bought.
TURN OFF sth or TURN sth OFF: This is a really stupid programme. Please turn the TV off.
Выключать. To touch a switch so that a machine or a piece of electrical equipment stops working, or to stop the flow or supply of something (e.g.water, electricity).
TURN ON sth or TURN sth ON: Turn on the light. It's too dark in here.
Включать. To touch a switch on a machine, light, etc so that it starts working, or to start the supply of water, electricity, etc.
LOOK UP: He looked up and saw a hot-air balloon in the sky.
GO AGAINST sth/sb: I would never go against my parents' wishes.
Идти против чего-либо. To do the opposite of what someone has asked or advised you to do.
CUT OUT sth or CUT sth OUT: Shall I cut out this ad for the new DVD player? We might want to buy one.
Вырезать. To remove something by cutting, especially something made of paper or cloth.
CUT OUT, BREAK DOWN, TURN UP: About five miles into our journey the engine cut out and we broke down completely. It was over an hour before the rescue service turned up.
CUT OUT - заглохнуть (о двигателе). If an engine, machine, or piece of equipment cuts out, it suddenly stops working.
BREAK DOWN - сломаться. If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops working.
TURN UP - появляться, прибывать. If someone or something turns up somewhere, they arrive at that place.
DRESS UP (sb) or DRESS (sb) UP: Do we need to dress up tonight or is it informal?
Наряжаться. To put on formal or special clothes for a special occasion, or to put them on someone else.
GO THROUGH sth: I shall never really appreciate what my grandparents went through during the war.
Испытывать, подвергаться. To experience an unpleasant or difficult situation or event.
BRUSH ASIDE sb/sth or BRUSH sb/sth ASIDE: They just brushed aside my complaints; it made me very angry.
To refuse to listen to what someone says, or to refuse to think about something seriously.
FALL FOR sth: I fell for his story about having lost all his money. How stupid I was!
To be tricked into believing something that is not true.
MAKE OUT sth/sb or MAKE sth/sb OUT: I couldn't make out what he was saying with all the noise.
Понять, разобрать. To be able to see or hear something or someone, usually with difficulty.
CHASE UP sth or CHASE sth UP: Could you chase up Janet's report? She promised it last week but I haven't seen it yet.
Отследить, узнать, проверить. To try to get something that belongs to you or that you need, or to try to discover more information about something.
LEAVE OUT sb/sth or LEAVE sb/sth OUT: If you are phoning from outside the country, leave out the first zero in the city code.
Omit. Пропустить, опустить. To not include someone or something.
PUT OUT sth or PUT sth OUT: The government have put out a statement condemning recent protests.
They issued a statement. Издавать, выпустить. To produce information (e.g. statement, warning, press release) and make it available for everyone to read or hear.
CALL OFF sth or CALL sth OFF: The union accepted the new pay deal and called off the strike.
They cancelled the strike. To decide that a planned event or activity will not happen, especially because it is no longer possible or useful.
GO DOWN: The number of people nor owning a TV set nowadays has gone down dramatically.
The number declined. To become lower in level.
GET AWAY: There was a disturbance in Blackmoor Prison yesterday and three prisoners got away.
They escaped. To leave a place or person, often when the situation makes it difficult for you to do this.
SEE TO sth/sb: Could you see to lunch for our visitors? There will be four of them.
Organise lunch for the visitors. To deal with something that needs doing or to help someone who needs your help.
DRIVE OFF: A woman got into the car and drove off.
To leave in a car.
COME BACK: Sarah is leaving tomorrow and coming back on Saturday.
To return to a place.
TURN AROUND: When I touched him on the shoulder, he turned around.
To turn in an opposite direction or position.
LOOK OUT: Look out! There's a car coming.
To be careful.
TAKE OFF: It was my first flight. I was nervous as the plane took off.
Взлетать. If an aircraft, bird, or insect takes off, it moves from the ground and begins to fly.
GET ON: How was the exam? How did you get on?
Преуспевать, делать успехи. To deal with a situation, especially successfully.
GET BY: My French isn't very good, but it's enough to get by.
Обходиться, выживать. To be able to live or deal with a situation with difficulty, usually by having just enough of something you need, such as money or knowledge.
RUN AWAY FROM: Why did you run away from me?
To secretly leave a place because you are unhappy there.
KEEP UP WITH: You're walking too fast. I can't keep up with you.
Не отставать. To move at the same speed as someone or something that is moving forward so that you stay level with them.
FILL IN sth or FILL sth IN: Can you fill in this form?
Заполнить (анкету, формуляр). To write the necessary information on an official documents (e.g. form, questionnaire).
THROW AWAY sth or THROW sth AWAY: I want to keep this box, so don't throw it away.
Выбрасывать, выкидывать. To get rid of something that you do not want any more.
WAKE UP (sb) or WAKE (sb) UP: Don't wake up the baby.
To become conscious after sleeping, or to make someone do this.
SPEAK UP: I can't hear you very well. Can you speak up a little?
To begin to speak more loudly.
PUT ON sth or PUT sth ON: It's cold today. You should put your jacket on if you're going out.
Надевать. To put clothes or shoes onto your body.
PUT OUT sth or PUT sth OUT: It was only a small fire. I was able to put it out quickly.
Потушить. To make something that is burning (e.g. fire, cigarette) stop burning.
KNOCK OVER sth/sb or KNOCK sth/sb OVER: I'm afraid I knocked over the vase while I was cleaning today.
Опрокинуть. To hit or push something or someone, especially accidentally, so that they fall to the ground or onto their side.
PUT UP sth or PUT sth UP: They have put up the prices since we last came here.
Поднять. To raise something, or to fix something in a raised position.
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