Chapter 16 APES Vocab
Waste Generation and Waste Disposal
Terms in this set (28)
Material outputs from a system that are not useful or consumed.
Municipal Solid Waste
Refuse collected by municipalities from households, small businesses, and institutions.
The flow of solid waste that is recycled, incinerated, placed in a solid waste landfill, or disposed of in another way.
Cathode Ray Tube Televisions and computer monitors that contain toxic metals (landfill) cell phones, and portable music players
Waste minimization or prevention
reusing a soon-to-be discarded product or material
materials are collected and converted into raw materials and then used to produce new objects
The reduction of waste through minimizing the use of materials destined to become municipal solid waste (MSW) from the early stages of design and manufacture.
The process by which materials destined to become municipal solid waste (MSW) are collected and converted into raw material that is then used to produce new objects.
Puts a tax on the chemical and petroleum industries
Closed Loop Recycling
Recycling a product into the same product.
Open Loop Recycling
Recycling one product into a different product.
organic material that has decomposed under controlled conditions to produce an organic-rich material
the water that leaches through the solid waste and removes various chemical compounds with which it comes into contact
An engineered ground facility designed to hold municipal solid waste (MSW) with as little contamination of the surrounding environment as possible.
A fee charged for disposing of material in a landfill or incinerator.
The designation of a landfill location, typically through a regulatory process involving studies, written reports, and public hearings.
The process of burning waste materials to reduce volume and mass, sometimes to generate electricity or heat.
The residual nonorganic material that does not combust during incineration.
Residue collected at the bottom of the combustion chamber in a furnace.
The residue collected from the chimney or exhaust pipe of a furnace.
Acids deposited on Earth as rain and snow or as gases and particles that attach to the surfaces of plants, soil, and water.
Waste material that is dangerous or potentially harmful to humans or ecosystems.
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), a 1980 U.S. federal act that imposes a tax on the chemical and petroleum industries, funds the cleanup of abandoned and nonoperating hazardous waste sites, and authorizes the federal government to respond directly to the release or threatened release of substances that may pose a threat to human health or the environment.
contaminated industrial or commercial sites that may require environmental cleanup before they can be redeveloped or expanded
Life Cycle Analysis
A systems tool that looks at the materials used and released throughout the manufacturing, use, and disposal of a product; also known as life-cycle analysis.
Integrated Waste Management
A waste management technique that employs several waste reduction, management, and disposal strategies to reduce the environmental impact of municipal solid waste (MSW).
designed to reduce or eliminate hazardous waste. Track hazardous waste from its production "cradle" to its disposal "grave"