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157 terms

APUSH: Gilded Age

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The winner of the 1868 election
General Grant (1st Term)
Democrat nominee of the 1868 election
Horatio Seymour
On Black Friday, this man tried to raise price of Gold
Jim Fisk
Employed bribery and fradulent elections to milk NY of $200,000,000
"Boss" Tweed
Scandal involving Union Pacific Railroad paying government to stay quiet
Credit Mobilier
Party consisting of those disgusted with political corruption
Liberal Republican Party
The Liberal Republican Party's candidate for 1872
Horace Greeley
The winner of the 1872 election
General Grant (2nd Term)
Removed political disabilities from the former Confederate leaders
Amnesty Act of 1872
The result of over-speculation and too many loans taken out
Panic of 1873
Money that is not in the form of gold or silver
Greenbacks
Required gov't to withdraw greenbacks from circulation & redeem $ in gold at face value
Resumption Act of 1875
When the value of greenbacks actually increased
Redemption Day of 1879
The Republican hard-money policy had a political backlash causing
A Democratic House of Representatives
An appellation for post-Civil War time
Gilded Age
A politically active fraternal organization of many Union vets
Grand Army of the Republic
Opposed the Stalwarts
The Half-Breeds (James Blaine)
In 1876 Congress passed a resolution that reminded the country of
The Traditional Two-Year Limit on Presidency
Democratic nominee for 1876
Samuel Tilden
Winner and Republican candidate of 1876
Rutherford B. Hayes
Created an electoral commission to determine the result of the 1876 election
The Compromise of 1877 aka the Electoral Count Act
During the Compromise, the Democrats wanted
The Withdrawal of troops from Louisiana and South Carolina
Supposedly guaranteed equal accommodations in public places, but voted unconstitutional
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Involved a cycle of poverty for small farmers
Crop-Lien System
State-level Codes of Segregation
Jim Crow Laws
One method of preventing Black voting in the South
Changing Literacy Requirements
Separate But Equal became common lingo after
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
The New Wave of Immigration included
Southern and Eastern Europe
The Old Wave of Immigration included
West and North Europe
Because this race "took away Western jobs," they were forbade from immigration in
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
The Republican candidate of 1880
James A. Garfield
Vice-President to Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Democratic candidate of 1880
Winfield Scott
Garfield was assassinated by
Charles J. Guiteau
Resulted after Garfield's assassination and forbade the spoils system
Pendleton Act of 1883
Made appointments to federal jobs on the basis of competitive examination
Civil Service Commission
Republican Candidate of 1884
James G. Blaine
Democratic Candidate and Winner of 1884
Grover Cleveland (Term 1)
Appellation given to the Dem. Party during the Cleveland admin.
The Party of Disunion
The election of 1888 covered the issue of
Tariffs
The Republican candidate for the 1888 election
Benjamin Harrison
Speaker during the Billion Dollar Congress
Thomas B. Reed
Raised the tariff, annoying the troubled farmers
McKinley Tariff Act of 1890
A group of frustrated farmers and laborers
Populists aka The People's Party
One thing the Populists desired
Unlimited Coinage of Silver
Government ownership of railroads, telegraph, and telephone
Desire of the Populists
Populist candidate of 1892
General James B. Weaver
The Populists can blame losing the 1892 election of
Blacks' inability to vote
Democratic candidate and Winner of the 1892 Election
Grover Cleveland (Term 2)
Caused by overbuilding, overspeculation, labor disorder, and ongoing agriculture problems
Panic of 1893
Harrison's Admin. tried to fix the circulation of currency via
Sherman Silver Purchase of 1890
Lent $65,000,000 in gold to increase Treasury reserve
J.P. Morgan
Lowered tariffs and contained 2% tax on incomes >$4,000 but was called unconstitutional
Wilson-Gorman Tariff of 1894
James Blaine became the secretary of state during
Harrison Admin.
Gave pensions to those Union vets; a vet had to serve at least 90 days
Pension Act
The Pension act gained the support of
The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)
The Republican Party has the nickname
The GOP
Tried to deter the new corporations and monopolies in existance
Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 was a way to counteract
The Bland-Allison Law of 1878
A Raise in Tariffs of 48% (Highest Yet) resulted from
The McKinley Tariff Bill
An organization of southern and western farms
Farmers' Alliance
Inflating the Economy was bad for
Lenders
Inflating the Economy was good for
Farmers
One unemployed man who demonstrated for much needed help
Jacob S. Coxey
Coxey led a group of people called
Commonweal Army
A Chicago event with participants such as American Railway Union leader Eugene Debs
Pullman Strike
Illinois governor John Atgeld pardoned the ________
Haymarket Riot
Attorney General who felt that the strikers were interfering
Richard Olney
"Coin's Financial School" was written by
William Hope Harvey
The Republican candidate of 1896
William McKinley
The real brains behind McKinley
Marcs Alonzo Hanna
Democratic candidate of 1896
William Jennings Bryan
A movingly passionate speech in favor of Free Silver by Bryan
Cross of Gold
A crossbreed between the liberal and the extremely liberal
The Demo-Pop Party
The main reason McKinley won was due to Bryan's
Radical Nature
McKinley represented _______ winning
Big Business
Replaced the Wilson-Gorman law and raised revenue
Dingley Tariff Bill
Provided that Paper Currency was to be redeemable in full in gold
Gold Standard Act
Alternate square-mile sections were given to ________ until Cleveland stopped it
railroad companies
This railway began in Omaha, Nebraska
Union Pacifc
This race was a major part of labor
Irish
Railway beginning in California (to attach to Union Pacific)
Central Pacific
The Big Four of the Central Pacific included
Collins P. Huntington
The Central Pacific utilized this race
Chinese
This railway spanned from Lake Superior to Puget Sound
Northern Pacific
This railway stretched through Southwest Deserts
Atchison (as well as Topeka and Santa Fe)
Spanned New Orleans to San Francisco
Southern Pacific Railroad
Spanned from Duluth to Seattle, created by James Hill
Great Northern
Headed the New York Central
Cornelius Vanderbilt
One way the railroads were bettered was via
Westinghouse air brakes
Jay Gould embezzled stocks from
Railroad Companies
Railroad companies grossly over-inflate the worth of their stock
Stock Watering
Defensive alliances for profits
Pools
Ruled that States could not regulate interstate commerce
Wabash Case
Banned rebates and pools and required RRs to publish rates
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
Inventions during the Gilded Age included
Typewriters and Electric Railways
Inventor of the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
Invented objects including the light bulb
Thomas A. Edison
To Control all aspects of an industry
Vertical Integration (like Carnegie)
To own all competitors in the effect of becoming a monopoly
Horizontal Integration (like Rockerfeller)
John Rockerfeller founded
Standard Oil
Giant Monopolistic Corporations
Trusts
Placing own men on boards of directors of other competitors
Interlocking Directorates
The actual first founder of the Bessemer Process
William Kelly
Founder of meat industry
Gustavus F. Swift
Founder of the American Tobacco Company
James Buchanan Duke
Urged the South to Industrialize in his newspaper
Henry W. Grady
The romantic ideal of Women
Charles Dana Gibson's Gibson Girl
Union that only lasted 6 weeks that excluded Chinese and basically excluded Blacks
National Labor Union
Barred liquor dealers, gamblers, bankers, etc and fought for 8 hour day
Terence V. Powderly's Knights of Labor
Event associated with Knights of Labor that basically killed them
Haymarket Square Bomb
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
Demanded fair wages, hours, and conditions
American Federation of Labor
American Federation of Labor basically included
Skilled Workers
Man who worked to perfect skyscrapers
Loius Sullivan
Provided work and shoppers
Macys in NY and Marshall Fields in Chicago
Author of Sister Carrie
Theodore Dreiser
The "bargain stores" of the Turn of the Century
Sears and Montgomery Ward
Dark, Cramped, and All Around Awful Housing
Dumbbell Tenements
To escape filth and other bad things, Rich moved to
Suburbs
Preachers of Social Gospel
Walter Rauschenbusch and Washington Gladden
Founder of the Hull House, which helped create skills to survive in America
Jane Addams
A woman who founded an institution like the Hull House
Lillain Wald
Fought for the Protection of Women Workers and Children Laborers
Florence Kelley
Anti-immigrationists
Nativists
A group of Nativists
American Protective Association (APA)
Man who proclaimed the gospel of kindness and forgiveness
Dwight Moody (Moody Bible Institute)
Popular among Catholics and Protestants for preaching unity
Cardinal Gibbons
Group that tried to help the poor (still around today)
Salvation Army
Founder Christian Science
Mary Baker Eddy
Man who completely bashed fundamentalist ideas
Charles Darwin (Origin of a Species)
Denounced creationism with Darwin
Robert G. Ingersoll
Normal Schools
Teacher training school
Lyceums
organizations that conducted discussions,established libraries, and worked for the establishment of public schools
Chautauqua movement
movement launched in 1874 in New York that presneted adult lectures in tents
Believed in Blacks helping themselves via education
Booker T. Washington
Discovered peanut butter
George Washington Carver
First PhD black from Harvard and founded NAACP
W.E.B. Du Bois
Vassar
university for women that set the academic standard
Provided grants to states for support of education
Morrill Act of 1862
First graduate School
John Hopkins
Men who increased the interest in medical study
Loius Pasteur and Joseph Lister
Established the discipline of behavioural psychology
William James
Everything has a purpose
Pragmatism
a typesetting machine used in publishing
Linotype
Depicted the wild west and other romantic settings
Dime Novels
Wrote about adultery, suicide, and women ambition
Kate Chopin
Wrote against slavery and discrimination
Mark Twain
Wrote about seamy underside of life in America
Stephen Crane
Proclaimed free love
Victoria Woodhull
National American Woman Suffrage Association was led by
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Woman who urged voting rights
Carrie Chapman Catt
First place where women voted
Wyoming
Rallied the better treatment of Blacks and women
Ida B. Wells
American Red Cross was founded by
Clara Burton
Barnum and Bailey founded
"The Greatest Show on Earth"
Inventor of Basketball
James Naismith