48 terms

The Language of Medicine 4

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adequate
[= acceptable, satisfactory] [≠ inadequate, unacceptable ]
afflict
make someone suffer [=harm, affect, trouble] [≠ comfort, soothe]
brittle
hard but easily broken, fragile [=breakable, fragile] [≠ unbreakable, durable, strong]
characterize
very typical of a particular thing or of someone's character [=represent, describe, define] [≠ generalize]
complication
difficulty, problem [=difficulty, problem] [≠ simplicity, ease]
compress
to press something or make it smaller so that it takes up less space, or to become smaller [=compact, condense, abbreviate] [≠enlarge, expand]
constrict
to make something narrower or tighter, or to become narrower or tighter [=compress] [≠ enlarge, expand, increase]
contribute
To give [=provide, supply] [≠ withhold, keep, take]
coordinate
to combine in harmonious relation or action [=organize, synchronize] [≠ disorganize, disarrange]
degenerative
to become worse [=deteriorating] [≠ improving ]
detect
discover [=to find, uncover] [≠ overlook, not find/see]
deteriorate
to become worse [=fall apart, worsen] [≠ get better, improve]
dormant
not active or not growing at the present time but able to be active later [=nonactive, latent] [≠active]
dramatically
greatly [=striking, effectively] [≠ calmly, mildly]
encompass
to include a wide range of ideas, subjects, etc. [=include, contain] [≠ exclude]
endure
to be in a difficult or painful situation for a long time without complaining, bear, can stand [=suffer, tolerate] [≠ refuse, reject ]
epidemic
a large number of cases of a disease that happen at the same time [=contagious, widespread] [≠ limited ]
eradicate
completely get rid of something such as a disease or a social problem [=eliminate, erase] [≠ set up, establish ]
expose
to show something that is usually covered or hidden; cause someone to be vulnerable or at risk [=uncover, make vulnerable] [≠cover, protect from
hazard
danger [=risk, threat] [≠safety]
insert
to put something inside or into something else [=put, tuck in, inject] [≠remove, take out]
interfere
prevent (a process or activity) from continuing or being carried out properly [=get in the way] [≠ allow]
laceration
a cut in your skin [=cut, wound] [≠ closure]
lessen
reduce, minimize [=lower, reduce] [≠expand, increase]
manipulate
to use skill in moving or handling something [=handle physically, maneuver] [≠ leave alone, hands off]
opaque
opaque glass or liquid is difficult to see through and often thick [=dull, dim, blurred] [≠ bright, clear]
perception
the ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses; a way of understanding, or interpreting something; a mental impression [=sensation, awareness] [≠ lack of awareness, ignorance]
periodic
happening a number of times, usually at regular times [=at fixed intervals, frequent] [≠infrequent]
porous
allowing liquid, air etc. to pass slowly through many very small holes: porous material [=having holes, spongelike] [≠ nonporous, impermeable ]
predominantly
mostly, mainly [=primarily] [≠secondarily]
recur
happen again [=be repeated] [≠ halt, stop]
regimen
a special plan of food, exercise etc that is intended to improve your health [=plan, system] [≠ disorder]
remarkable
unusual or surprising and therefore deserving attention or praise [=extraordinary] [≠ average, ordinary]
reveal
show [=disclose, tell] [≠conceal, hide]
routine
regular course of procedure; commonplace tasks, chores, or duties as must be done regularly or at specified intervals; typical or everyday activity [= everyday, normal, general] [≠ uncommon, abnormal]
rupture
break, burst [= break, split] [≠close, mend]
sanitation
the protection of public health by removing and treating waste such as dirty water [=hygiene, disinfection] [≠ dirtiness, pollution]
sophisticated
machine, system, method etc. that is very well designed and very advanced, and often works in a complicated way [=complex, complicated] [≠ easy, simple]
spectrum
a complete range of different opinions, people, etc. [=range, scope] [≠individual]
substitute
to use something new or different instead of something else[=replace] [≠ real, permanent]
succumb
to die or suffer badly from an illness [=pass away, give in to] [≠ overcome]
susceptible
likely to suffer from a particular illness or be affected by a particular problem, prone [=prone, sensitive] [≠ resistant]
suspect
to think that something is probably true, especially something bad[=believe, assume, guess] [≠ doubt, not believe]
trauma
an unpleasant and upsetting experience that affects you for a long time; severe mental or physical pain [=suffering, injury] [≠ health, relief, comfort]
urge
to strongly suggest that someone does something [=encourage, recommend] [≠ discourage]
utilize
to use something for a particular purpose [=use] [≠ save]
vigorous
using a lot of energy and strength or determination, energetic [=energetic, powerful] [≠ inactive, dull, weak]
vulnerable
someone who is vulnerable can be easily harmed or hurt [=exposed, unprotected] [≠ secure, protected]