Ecumenical Council


Terms in this set (...)

From greek word oikoumene meaning "inhabited world"
Ecumencial Council
Gathering of bishops of the world under the presidency of the pope or papal representatives
First Nicaea 325 AD
Called to settle the Arian controversy on the person/nature of Jesus
Same substance/ consubstantial
1st Constantinople 381 AD
Looked at the Trinitarian doctrine in response to Arianism. Confirmed the teaching of Nicaea. Affirmed the full Divinity of the Holy Spirit
Ephesus 431 AD
Declared Mary as the God Bearer
Chalcedon 451 AD
Defied two natures of Christ against Eutychianism
Third Constantinople 680 AD
Defied two wills of Christ
Second Nicaea 787 AD
Allowed for the veneration of ions
Work of art depicting religious paintings. Aid and meditation
Fourth Lateran Council 1215
Minimum confession was once a year and receive Communion Easter. Declared that demons were created good by God but became evil by their own doing
Pope Innocent 3
Most influential Pope during the Middle Ages. And called the 4th Lateran Council
Council of Trent
Response to the Protestant reformation and the errors taught by the reformers
Protestant Reformation
Splitting of the Roman Catholic Church in the 16 century
Sola Scriptura
Scripture alone has authority, not tradition
Sola Fides
Faith alone saves
Explaining how the Bread and Wine became the Body and Blood
Vatican 1
Defined the Papal Infallibility
Papal Infallibility
When you speak as the successor of Peter Faith can't error
Ex Cathedra
Speaking as a successor of Peter. Seat of Peter
Vatican 2
Most influential councils of the church in modern church called by Pope John XXlll(23)
Lumen Gentium
Different levels of authority, same mission
Dei Verbum
Declared Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition as God's divinely inspired word with approval use of contemporary methods for understanding comtent
Sacrosanctum Concilium
Made people involved. Allowed vernacular language at mass. Priest use to face the wall, now they talk toward us.
Gaudium et Spes
We can stay true to our faith and participate in public life