24 terms

Unit 3: Egypt

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silt
A mixture of tiny bits of soil and rock; makes land fertile
empire
A group of lands and peoples ruled by one government
irrigation
The watering of land by means of canals or pipes
unification
To join two separate parts into one
hieroglyphics
ancient Egyptian system of writing
scribe
A professional writer who kept records and copied official documents
Hatshepsut
female pharaoh who led the expedition to Punt
Menes
the first pharaoh; united Lower and Upper Egypt
Khufu
the pharaoh who ordered the construction of the Great Pyramids
"Tut" / Tutankhamun
discovery of his tomb revealed much about ancient Egypt's history and culture
Ahmose
the pharaoh who defeated the Hyksos
Rosetta Stone
rock slab written in 3 different languages; helped modern historians to translate hieroglyphics
mummification
process of preserving a body and preparing it for the afterlife
Osiris
the god of the afterlife
Isis
goddess who protected people from sickness or harm
Ra
the sun god
"The Next World"
the name Egyptians gave to the afterlife
Upper Egypt
the part of Egypt that is dry and rocky
Lower Egypt
the part of Egypt that contains the fertile Nile delta
Nile River
uniquely flows from South to North
delta
a fan-shaped landform that usually has rich soil and fertile land
pharaoh
in charge of both religion and politics in Egypt; "son" of the sun god Ra
papyrus
Egyptian paper made from reed plants
expedition
group of people who go on a trip for a set reason
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