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23 terms

Rome Term List

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The Republic
written by Plato about the ideal government
Patricians
a member of one of the noble families, which had a lot of rights
Plebeians
Commoners
Senate
the highest council of state
Consul
chief magistrates of Rome
Dictator
a complete ruler
Tribunes
an officer selected by the commoners
Veto
to postpone the acceptance of a law
The Laws of the Twelve Tables
a series of laws that acted as the legislation
Client-Patron
a relationship between wealthy people and their clients in which they give each other support
Struggle for the Orders
a conflict between classes for power
Punic Wars
a series of wars between Rome and Carthage, Rome won all three times
Carthage
a city-state in North Africa
Hannibal
a Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps
Latifundia
a great estate
The Gracchi
roman statesmen and reformer
Julius Caesar
roman general and dictator
The Empire
the Roman Empire was run by emperors at the top of the hierarchy, some were good others were really bad
Augustus (Octavian)
First Roman emperor, successor of Caesar
Pax Romana
Terms of peace when Rome was the strongest
Imperator
supreme ruler
Constantine
Emperor of Rome, excepted Christianity for the first time in Rome
Diocletian
emperor of Rome who divided it into east and west