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20 terms

Egypt Vocabulary

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scarab
a beetle or an ornament representing a beetle
pharaoh
a ruler of ancient Egypt. They were worshipped as a god.
pyramid
a stone structure with a square base and four trianguar sides. Built as a tomb in ancient Egypt
sarcophagus
a stone coffin
Hatshepsut
the name of one of the few women to rule Egypt as a pharaoh
Cleopatra VII
the last pharaoh of Egypt. She was connected to Rome and Julius Caesar
papyrus
paper made from reeds that grow along the Nile River
hieroglyphs
picture symbols in the Egyptian writing system
Rosetta Stone
a stone discovered in Rosetta, Egypt. It has inscriptions in three languages, which helped decode hieroglyphs
cartouche
a protective oval ring surrounding a royal name
dynasty
a family of rulers
canopic jars
a set of four containers for the internal organs of a mummy (intestines, liver, lungs, stomach)
amulet
a protective charm
obelisk
a tall, four sided stone that rises to a point; usually found in pairs outside of temples or in the center of the city
sphinx
a statue with the head of a man and the body of a lion
stela
an inscribed panel made to remember someone; usually made of stone
Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
the two geographic regions along the Nile that were part of the empire of Egypt
ankh
the symbol of life
Nile River
the longest river in the world, giving many "gifts" to the Egyptians
inundation
the annual flooding of the Nile River

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