SEC. 8. And be it further enacted. That in all that territory ceded by France
to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirtysix
degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits
of the state, contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude,
otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have
been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided
always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labour or
service is lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such
fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his
or her labour or service as aforesaid.
It being desirable, for the peace, concord, and harmony of the Union of these States,
to settle and adjust amicably all existing questions of controversy between them
arising out of the institution of slavery upon a fair, equitable and just basis: therefore,
1. Resolved, That California, with suitable boundaries, ought, upon her application to
be admitted as one of the States of this Union, without the imposition by Congress of
any restriction in respect to the exclusion or introduction of slavery within those
2. Resolved, That as slavery does not exist by law, and is not likely to be introduced
into any of the territory acquired by the United States from the republic of Mexico...
8. Resolved, That Congress has no power to promote or obstruct the trade in slaves
between the slaveholding States; but that the admission or exclusion of slaves brought
from one into another of them depends exclusively upon their own particular laws.