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170 terms

History Exam

History
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eliminated in the north
After the Revolution, the practice of enslaving African Americans was
Lexington
The American Revolution began when shots were fired at
Hostility between white settlers and Native Americans deepened.
What is one effect of the battles fought on the western frontier during the American Revolution?
Sons of Liberty
Which of the following groups led violent protests against British taxation in the colonies?
The British began to tax the colonists and the colonists began to question British authority.
Which statement best describes British-American relations after the French and Indian War?
John Adams
____ was a Massachusetts lawyer who lead the fight to declare independence from Great Britain.
Stamp Act
Parliament's ____ which taxed printed materials in the colonies, outraged the colonists who believed that only their own representatives should levy taxes.
Second Continental Congress
The ____ represented the American patriots during the American Revolution against Britain's king and Parliament.
Continental Army
George Washington received command of the ____ from the Second Continental Congress.
John Locke and his ideas of Natural Rights
Thomas Jefferson drew heavily on the ideas of ____ when he drafted the Declaration of Independence.
William Howe
British General ____ misjudged the Patriots' position on Bunker Hill and lost many of his troops.
mercenary
The British underestimated how angry the Patriots would be over the presence of German ____ soldiers fighting for Britain.
Battle of Trenton
General Washington's Christmas crossing of the Delaware River helped him win the ____, which boosted Patriot confidence.
Yorktown
With help from the French, the war ended at the Battle of ____.
Treaty of Paris
The ____, which ended the American Revolution, recognized an independent America and set generous boundaries for the United States.
right to pay no tax unless it was levied by their own representatives.
One British principle of government valued by the American colonists was the
West Point on the Hudson River.
A traitor to the American cause almost gave away the secrets plans of the most strategic location in America, it was
The Boston massacre
What incident led Parliament to withdraw nearly all of the Townshend Acts?
wealthy white men
The group that benefited the most from the American Revolution was
The Treaty of Paris of 1783
ceded far more territory to the United States than the colonies had won in the war.
Other republican groups fought to overthrow aristocratic governments.
In what way did the American Revolution affect other countries?
It raised the morale of American troops and gave them hope.
Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill significant?
They thought Patriots were too radical
Which of the following describes Loyalists?
Valley Forge
The site of Washington's harsh winter of 1777-1778 was
The British Occuptation for Yorktown
Which event led to the siege of Yorktown?
February 28, 1782
When did the American Revolution end in the colonies?
persistence to continue fighting.
One of the Patriots' greatest strengths was their
the consent of the governed
According to the Declaration of Independence, where does a government's power come from?
writing defiant pamphlets.
Colonists opposed new British taxes by protesting violently and
Baron von Steuben
Prussian officer that trained the American army
Benjamin Franklin
American Ambassador to France
Adm. Comte De Grasse
French naval officer that prevented the evacuation of Yorktown.
Marquis de Lafayette
popular French General in the Continental Army.
Benedict Arnold
traitor
Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis
surrendered the British Army at Yorktown.
King George III
"Royal Brute", Tyrant
Nathaniel Greene
American General that lead the patriots at the Battle of Guilford's Courthouse.
The Southern plantation economy depended on slavery.
Why did slavery continue after the Revolution?
Thomas Jefferson
Who drafted the Declaration of Independence?
Both supported the concept that all men are created equal.
What did Paine's Common Sense and Jefferson's Declaration of Independence have in common?
Boston Tea Party
During the _____, American colonists threw the cargoes of several British ships into the harbor
Pontiac's Rebellion
During a series of struggles known as _____, the Ottawa, Potawatomis, and Hurons in the Great Lakes region rebelled against British rule.
Proclamation of 1763
The British Parliament passed the _____ to prevent colonists from settling in the trans-Appalachian region.
Treaty of Paris 1783
The British Parliament passed the _____ to prevent colonists from settling in the trans-Appalachian region.
Monmouth
Immediately following the British withdrawal from Philadelphia, the Continentals proved they were as good as the British troops in the Battle of
support from Native American Tribes
All of the following helped Americans win the War for Independence except
The French surrendered all of Canada to the British.
What was the outcome of the French and Indian War?
The majority of the continental army re-enlisted
As a result of the battle of Trenton,
The Patriot Victory At Saratoga
The French made an open alliance with the United States following
Paine talked about opportunities for the common man.
Why did Thomas Paine's Common Sense inspire colonists?
smooth-bore musket with bayonet
What type of weapon became the standard military weapon of the war?
Outraged colonists protested the new taxes.
What was one effect of new British taxes on colonists?
The Quartering Acts and The Coercive Acts
Which two acts did not include a new tax?
make peace with the king.
The Purpose of the Olive Branch petition was to
They lost large amounts of land
In what way did the American Revolution affect Native Americans?
came to arrest colonial leaders and take colonial weapons.
Fighting began in Lexington and Concord when British troops
strong leadership
Which of the following was an American advantage during the War for Independence?
were breaking the law and should support ther kind
Loyalists believed Patriots
a strong President would gain king-like power
Critics of the Virginia Plan and the new Constitution were concerned that
system of checks and balances
The _________ will keep the president from gaining dictatorial powers.
judicial branch
The _____ is the part of government that interprets the law and determines whether laws have been broken.
bicameral legislature
A(n) _____ consists of two houses, or groups of representatives.
Electoral College
The candidate who receives the majority of votes in the _____ becomes President of the United States.
Articles of Confederation
The _________ was the first government of the United States.
a loose confederation of strong state governments
What type of government did the Articles of Confederation create?
popular sovereignty
Which principle provides for a system in which the government derives its power from the governed?
gave the federal government too much power.
The Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because they thought it
as proof that only a strong national government could prevent social disorder and rebellion.
Many people throughout America viewed Shays's Rebellion
James Madison
Who of the following was a prominent Federalist?
a lawmaking body with a single house of elected representatives
What is a unicameral legislature?
House of Representatives
Which house of Congress is based on population?
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Which of the following provided a plan for governing western lands?
a bill of rights
To win support for the Constitution, Federalists promised to add
allowed new settlers to have slaves
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 did all of the following except
the states
Under the Articles of Confederation, who held most of the power?
imports
On the issue of tariffs, it was finally agreed that Congress could tax
The New Jersey Plan
Which proposal most resembled the Articles of Confederation?
The Electoral College
The President and the Vice President were elected by _______.
the state legislature
Senators were elected by________.
the average voting citizen (the people)
The State Legislatures are elected by ______
the President
Supreme Court Justices are appointed by________.
the average voting citizen (the people)
Members of the Electoral college in each state are selected by _______.
the U.S. Constitution was written
What was accomplished at the Constitutional Convention in 1787?
concentrating too much power in the hands of a few
Antifederalists criticized the Constitution for
settlement of the Northwest Territory
Which was a success of the Articles of Confederation?
Congress could not levy or collect taxes from the states.
Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
true
The Constitution was eventually adopted by the states.
true
Americans are guaranteed the right to Freedom of Religion, press, speech, and political involvement.
representation in the legislature (The House of Representatives is based on the population of each state and the Senate has two Senators per state regardless of its population)
What issue did the Great Compromise resolve?
Patrick Henry
_____________ was a Anti-Ferderalist
The Virginia Plan
Which plan proposed Representation based on population?
The New Jersey Plan
Which state plan gave all states equal power?
Roger Sherman
Who proposed the Compromise from Connecticut?
William Patterson
Who was the spokesman for the small states from New Jersey?
Edmond Randolf
Who was the Governor of Virginia who vocally supported the Virginia Plan?
Benjamin Franklin
Who worked behind the scenes to get the Compromise passed?
James Madison
Who was called the "Father of the Constitution" and developed the Virginia Plan?
The Great Compromise
The compromise which bases one house on population and the other house on two votes per state (equality per state).
The 3/5 Compromise
This compromise dealt with how slaves were counted for taxation and representation purposes.
separation of powers
Which political theory defines the different responsibilities for each branch of government?
true
The Articles of Confederation prevented any abuse of power.
can be changed
Through the amendment process, the Constitution
confirms judges
In what way does the legislative branch check the power of the judicial branch?
Alexander Hamilton
One of the authors of The Federalist (Essays) was_______.
the gov. is divided into 3 branches
The U.S. Constitution contains which provision from the Virginia Plan?
a strong central government
What did the Federalists want the Constitution to provide?
each state had one vote in congress
Under the Articles of Confederation, small states like Rhode Island, wielded as much power as large states such as Virginia, because
they feared it was too much like a king
Why did some Convention delegates oppose a single executive?
revise the Articles of confederation
The delegates at the Constitutional Convention met to
was closed to slavery
The Northwest Ordinance stated that the Northwest territory
state and national governments share power
Which of the following describes Federalism?
the bill of rights
What was added to the Constitution to guarantee individual citizens rights and gain favor of those opposed to the Constitution?
more representation in Congress for Southern States
The Three-Fifths Compromise resulted in
executive branch/President
Can veto bills of Congress.
legislative/Congress
Can override a veto.
legislative/ Congress
Can impeach members of the other branches.
judicial/ Supreme Court
Can declare acts unconstitutional.
Federal laws are supreme to state laws, if a conflict exists.
Under the Supremacy clause
roused public sentiment against France.
The XYZ Affair
we soundly defeated the British in the last battle
Why did most Americans feel that we won the War of 1812?
leading an invasion of British-held Canada.
A group of young politicians called the War Hawks wanted to restore national honor by
Alien Act
authorized the arrest and deportation of immigrants who criticized the federal government
Democratic Republican
early political party led by Thomas Jefferson
John Jay
negotiated a treaty with England to avoid a costly war.
John Marshall
claimed the power of judicial review for Supreme Court
the 12th Amendment
prevented the Vice President from tying the President in Electoral votes
impressment
taking sailors from their ships and forcing them into duty
Merriweather Lewis and William Clark
Explored the Louisiana Territory (purchase).
War Hawks
Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
it controlled access to the Gulf of Mexico for all the Western states.
Why was New Orleans an important city in the early 1800s?
captured and burned Washington, D.C.
During their invasion of the United States, British forces
the President and Vice President were not in the same political party.
The Election of 1796 was the only election in American history in which
true
Thomas Jefferson knew the Constitution did not authorize the Federal government to purchase land, but he authorized the Louisiana Purchase anyway.
The size of the United States nearly doubled.
Which of the following was a result of the Louisiana Purchase?
the Louisiana Purchase
Thomas Jefferson changed from being a strict Constructionist to being a Loose Constructionist over the issue of
It showed that the nation seemed certain to endure.
Why was the War of 1812 significant to the United States?
the new government under the Constitution was strong and could put down rebellion.
The Whiskey Rebellion proved that
They drafted the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions.
How did Jefferson and Madison respond to the Alien and Sedition Acts?
establishing the power of judicial review
What was one of John Marshall's important accomplishments as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
true
The Britsih navy actually attacked the USS Chesapeake during peacetime.
false
Jefferson's Embargo Act of 1807 was generally successful.
the Cabinet
The heads of the Executive departments are known as
The Bank of the United States
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson clashed the most over this
The Whiskey Rebellion
This was a significant challenge to the new Federal government
the Democratic Republicans
the political group led by Jefferson and Madison.
precedants
statements or acts to be followed in the future.
loose construction
belief that if the Constitution does not prohibit you from doing something then you can do it.
strict construction
belief that if the Constitution does not authorize you to do something then you can not do it
General Anthony Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers
Which event turned the tide of the conflict in the Ohio Valley?
James Madison
the President during the War of 1812.
Andrew Jackson
commanded the Americans at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and New Orleans
Oliver Hazard Perry
the naval officer that defeated the British on Lake Erie in 1813
William Henry Harrison
won the battles of Tippecanoe and the battle of the Thames in which Tecumseh was killed.
true
The British were regularly capturing American sailors and forcing them into the British navy.
true
Tecumseh attempted to unify Indian resistance into a single cohesive effort.
Thomas Jefferson
Whom did Washington choose to lead the State Department?
limit the power of the Democratic Republican Party.
One effect of the Alien and Sedition Acts was to
Alexander Hamilton
In the Election of 1800, Jefferson found unexpected support from
helped set a precedent for undeclared war
Jefferson's actions toward the Barbury Coast pirates
The American economy suffered significantly and President Jefferson's popularity declined.
What was a result of the Embargo of 1807?
Detroit was surrendered to the British army.
What was one result of the American invasion of Canada?
the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts
"This [party] spirit . . . agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity [dislike] of one part against another, foments [stirs up] occasionally riot and insurrection."

--George Washington, Farewell Address
honor their traditions and reject "white" civilization and culture.
Tenskwatawa "the Prophet" encouraged Native Americans to
Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!
The campaign slogan for William Henry Harrison and his Vice President was
no
Did the legitimate government of the Cherokee Indians or their principal chief John Ross ever cede(give) their lands to the United States?
Sourthern States wanted to nullify terrifs
How did nullification relate to tariffs in the early 1800s?
textiles
Which American industry first used machines to do work previously done by hand?
used a broad interpretation of the Constitution to expand federal power.
The ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland was significant because the Supreme Court
false
Andrew Jackson won the Election of 1824.
was a "war hero"
The Election of 1840, the Whigs nominated William Henry Harrison primarily because he