14 terms

LabLearner Grade 5, Energy of Heat Inv 1-2 vocab

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Celsius
Basic unit in the metric system fro measuring temperature. Represented as "C"
Degrees
Equal divisions of units of temperature
Fahrenheit
Basic unit in the English system for measuring temperature. Represented as "F"
Heat
The energy transferred from one molecule to another because of a difference in kinetic energy between the two molecules
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion
Molecule
A particle of matter
Temperature
A measure of the kinetic energy of molecules
Thermometer
A scientific tool that measures temperature in degrees Celsius and degrees Fahrenheit
Conduction
The process of transferring heat from one material to another by direct contact of one molecule to another. Occurs between solids, between solids and liquids, and between solids and gases.
Conductor
A material that transfers heat easily
Convection
The process of heat transfer through liquids and gases
Insulator
A material that does not transfer heat easily or slows the transfer of heat
Radiation
The process of transferring heat from an object through electromagnetic waves such as light, ultraviolet waves, and infrared waves. Can occur through gases and in a vacuum
Rate of heat transfer
How quickly heat is transferred. Also described as the change in temperature over a specific time period