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Pathways to the Present: Unit 2 Benchmark - Chapters 17, 19, 20, 21
Terms in this set (48)
President Taft's approach to foreign policy by investing in foreign economies, calling it "substituting dollars for bullets"
Established the US as an "international police power"
A policy in which stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations
The major economic argument for expansion is that the US needed
New markets for goods and raw materials
Areas of economic or political control
Spheres of Influence
Captain Alfred Mahan argued that America's future depended on the US building a what to protect foreign markets from rivals
Panama was the natural choice to build a canal because...
It cut travel time and was the narrowest part in South America
A strong devotion to one's nation
President Wilson's program for peace
Wilson's 14 Points
Signed by the European powers, ending WW1
Treaty of Versailes
Aggressively building up a nation's armed forces in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy
The movement of African Americans to northern cities is called the
President Wilson hoped that membership in the what would ensure security and peace for all of its members
League of Nations
President Wilson said "The world must be made safe for democracy" to justify his decision to
ask congress to declare war on Germany
Why did Wilson change his mind about remaining neutral in WW1?
Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare
A situation in which neither side is able to gain an advantage
Speech or actions that encourage rebellion
A German submarine
Distributing goods to consumers in a fixed amount to conserve resources during wartime is called
The "draft" of young men for military service
Selective service act
The organized killing of an entire people
An army of 75,000 what gave brief speeches before movies, plays, and school or union meetings to persuade audiences to buy bonds
4 minute men
What violent act "sparked" the beginning of WW1?
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Germany and Austria-Hungary made up the
Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain made up the
Was the President of the US during WW1
What were the 4 causes of WW1?
Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism
Special war bonds that were sold to support Allied cause were called
A Chicago gangster nicknames "Scarface"
The rapid development of the mass media during the 1920s promoted what
a national culture
A teacher who illegally taught evolution and got arrested for it.
Suppliers of illegal alcohol
One theme that arises from the 1920's controversies over the Scopes trial, national Prohibition, and the behavior of the flapper is
Traditional values and changing lifestyles
An unexpected result of Prohibition was
the rise of organized crime
Bars that operated illegally
A Jamaican-born leader of a movement promoting African American pride, who wanted African Americans to return to "motherland Africa"
What is the belief that the Bible is literally true and that every story in it actually took place as described
Young women who represented women's desire to break with the past
The American President who won the 1920 election by promising a "return to normalcy"
Lenin made what the official ideology of Russia
Italian immigrants who were accused of murder
Sacco & Vanzetti
The Red Scare resulted in a demand for limits on
When President Calvin Coolidge said "The business of America is business", he was showing his support for America's economic system, which is
Under Communism, the what owned all lands and property
There were how many political parties
The needs of the what always took priority over the rights of individuals
Who posted the add saying they would sink any ships sailing for Great Britain and why?
Germany, to discourage American passengers from traveling on British ships.
What does the graph about US imports and exports during 1914-1919 say.
That the US made money from the war
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