5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- social stratification
- central place theory
- a a discriminatory real estate practice in North America in which memebers of minority groups are prevented from obtaining money to purchase homes or property in predominantly white neighborhoods. The practice derived its name from the red lines depicted on cadastral maps used by real estate agents and developers. Today, redlining is officially illegal.
- b one of two components, together with agricultural surplus, which enables the formation of cities; the differentiation of society into classes based on wealth, power, production, and prestige
- c rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging people of color to move to previously white neighborhoods. In the resulting outmigration, real estate agents profit through the turnover of properties.
- d theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another
- e area of a city with a relatively uniform land use (an industrial zone, or a residential zone)
5 Multiple choice questions
- chronologically the fifth urban hearth, dating to 200 BCE
- chronologically the third urban hearth, dating to 2200 BCE
- restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Although predominantly high-income based, in North America gated communities are increasingly a middle-class phenomenon.
- the very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
- movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early 19th century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the 20th century
5 True/False questions
central city → dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world's economy
world city → dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world's economy
Mesopotamia → region of great cities (Ur and Babylon) located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; chronologically the first urban hearth, dating to 3500 BCE, and which was founded in the Fertile Crescent
spaces of consumption → areas of a city, the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services; driven primarily by the global media industry
functional zonation → the division of a city into different regions or zones (residential or industrial) for certain purposes or functions (housing or manufacturing)