5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- spaces of consumption
- central business district (CBD)
- a movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early 19th century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the 20th century
- b homes referred to as such because of their "super size" and similarity in appearance to other such homes; homes often built in place of tear-downs in American suburbs
- c the downtown heart of a central city, the CBD is marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings
- d areas of a city, the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services; driven primarily by the global media industry
- e a subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
5 Multiple choice questions
- dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world's economy
- restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Although predominantly high-income based, in North America gated communities are increasingly a middle-class phenomenon.
- one of two components, together with social stratification, that enable the formation of cities; agricultural production in exess of that which the producer needs for his or her own sustenance and that of his or her family and which is then sold for consumption by others
- the internal physical attributes of a place, including its absolute location, its spatial character and physical setting
- legal restrictions on land use that determine what types of building and economic activities are allowed to take place in certain areas. In the US, areas are most commonly divided into separate zones of residential, retail, or industrial use.
5 True/False questions
rank-size rule → in a model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy
functional zonation → the division of a city into different regions or zones (residential or industrial) for certain purposes or functions (housing or manufacturing)
Mesoamerica → region of great cities (Ur and Babylon) located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; chronologically the first urban hearth, dating to 3500 BCE, and which was founded in the Fertile Crescent
blockbusting → rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging people of color to move to previously white neighborhoods. In the resulting outmigration, real estate agents profit through the turnover of properties.
acropolis → literally, "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes