AABHBSG - ATHENS AND NORTHEAST HISTORY
Terms in this set (110)
Mrs. Bettye Henderson Holston, Alps Road Elementary
Mrs. Ruth D. Hawk, Athens High School
Mrs. Victoria Baker Stroud, Barnett Shoals Elementary School
Mrs. Johnnie Lay Burks, Chase Street Elementary School
Ms. Janette Browning, Clarke Jr. High School
Integration of the Clarke County School District's faculty began in August 1966. Under a federally approved plan, the District placed five African Americans teachers at all-white schools. Name the teachers and the school each was assigned.
Dr. Ivery D. Clifton
This retired professor emeritus at the University of Georgia did his undergraduate work at Tuskegee and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois. In 1994, he became the University of Georgia's first African American dean. A Vietnam Veteran, he supported the Young Scholars Program to attract minority students to UGA. Name him.
Betty Brown Williamson
This retired long-term healthcare owner and administrator is past chairman of the Stillman College Board of Trustees. In 1969, she became Athens Technical College's first African-American faculty member. Name her.
As a walk-on member of the junior varsity team, where he started at defensive end, this Atlanta native in 1967 became the University of Georgia's first African- American football player. In 1968, the he received the Bill Mundy Award for having the highest academic average on the entire team. He later transferred to Vanderbilt University, where he was awarded a scholarship and lettered in 1970.
Currently, this Athens Clarke County Commissioner is Athens Mayor Pro Tem. He and Atlanta native James Hurley were the University of Georgia's first two African-American varsity athletes, as part of the 1968 track team.
Attorney John M. Clark
A military veteran and honor graduate of Savannah State University and Southern University Law Center, he is Elbert County's first African American attorney. He serves on the Executive Committee of the Georgia State Conference of the NAACP.
The trilogy consists of Appalachee Red, Rosiebelle Lee Wildcat Tennessee, and Baby Sweet's.
The son of sharecroppers, this author was born in Morgan County's Plainview community. In the early 1970s, he began publishing his highly-acclaimed Muskhogean Trilogy which chronicles the life of an African American in the south from the end of World War I to the beginning of the 1960s. Often compared to William Faulkner, he won the James Baldwin Prize in 1979 and was inducted into the Georgia Writers Hall of Fame in 2009. Name the author and one book from the trilogy.
Chuck Kinnebrew - Rome
Horace King - Athens
Clarence Pope -Athens
Larry West - Albany
Richard Appleby - Athens
Five African-Americans broke the color line at the University of Georgia in 1971 when became the school's first black scholarship athletes and first black varsity football players. Name them and give their home towns.
In 1966, this Athens High and Industrial School and Morehouse College honor graduate became the first African American to earn a law degree from the University of Georgia, where he finished high in his class. After serving two years as Assistant Secretary of Transportation in President Jimmy Carter Administration, he entered private practice and became enormously successful in real estate, investment banking, corporate acquisitions, and wireless communications. He sold his Envirotest Systems company at a $550 million-dollar profit in 1998. Today, he's one of the nation's wealthiest African-Americans. Name him.
Green Lane - Named for Mrs. Corene Green, a former resident the Jack R. Wells community that Columbia Brookside replaced. As community center director, Mrs. Green spent countless dedicated hours in service to the community and youth.
Barnett Trail - Named for former Brooklyn community resident Mrs. Jessie Walton Barnett who was a strong activist and advocate for children and families. She was one of the original founders of both the Athens Area Human Relations Council and the Clarke Community Federal Credit Union.
Columbia Brookside, a new mixed-income housing development on Athens' west side, is situated in the middle of Brooklyn -- one of the city's oldest African- American communities. Streets in the new development are named in recognition of the community's history. Name the persons for whom two of the streets are named, and tell something about each of them.
Led by Clarke County school board member Linda Davis, work has begun to transform this 10-acre historic cemetery in Athens into a black heritage site. Established in the 1880s and located off Alps Road beside Clarke Middle School, the cemetery has more than 1000 graves -- including the graves of former slaves. Name the cemetery.
Bishop L. Jonathan Holston
He grew up in Athens and attended Greater Bethel AME Church where he was called into the Christian ministry as a young boy. Since September 1, 2012, this University of Georgia graduate has served as Bishop of the United Methodist Church for the South Carolina Conference. Name him.
May 4, 1865
What was the date of Jubilee Day in Athens--the day the Union soldiers arrived in Clarke County and freed the county's 5,000 slaves?
The Liberty Flag Pole or the Flag Pole of Liberty
On the Day of Jubilee, the former slaves hoisted an American flag up the flagpole in front of Athens Town Hall. What did they call the flag and pole, as they danced in celebration?
That former slaves would receive 40 acres and a mule from the federal government
What was the widespread rumor that was circulated in Athens around Christmastime of 1865 — a rumor that turned out to be untrue?
In July 1867, a large crowd of African-Americans flocked to the UGA chapel and were prevented from witnessing what event?
According to the Freedman's Bureau, how many homes had blacks purchased in Athens by the summer of 1867—just two years after gaining their freedom?
Name at least one of the three popular local Black musicians who played at the University of Georgia first post-Civil War commencement exercise in 1867.
Oct 29, 1867 - an election deciding whether a state convention would convene to draft a new state constitution
What was the date in which black Athenians first voted in a local election?
The election of two former Athens slaves to the state General Assembly
Regarding the April 1868 Athens election, the local newspaper called it "heart sickening and disgusting beyond anything we ever conceived of before. "What was the newspaper referring to?
Madison Davis and Alfred Richardson
Name the two former Clarke County slaves elected to the Georgia General Assembly in April of 1868.
The expulsion of 25 black state representatives from Georgia General Assembly, because of their race
What was the "Purge of 1868?"
Michael L. Thurmond
Who in 1986 became the first Black Athenian elected to the Georgia General Assembly since Reconstruction? Later, he served as director of Georgia Division of Families and Children's Services; commissioner of Georgia Department of Labor; and superintendent of DeKalb County School District. Currently, he's DeKalb's Chief Elected Officer.
What was the name of Athens' first Black church, which opened its doors in 1866?
What current Athens church traces its roots to the city's first black church?
Hill First Baptist
Athens' oldest black Baptist church was organized in 1867. Name it.
In his book A Story Untold, Michael Thurmond lists five local churchmen who became bishops of their respective denomination. Name two of them.
What percentage of Athens black adult population had membership in at least one of the city's 29 lodges in 1912?
Athens' first school for Blacks opened in 1868. Name it.
In 1921, what school earned the distinction of being Georgia's first state accredited high school for blacks?
About 60 years
Knox Institute operated for how many years?
In what year did Athens High and Industrial School move to the then new Dearing Extension building?
What year did Jeruel Academy first open its doors?
What did Jeruel change its name to in 1924?
Elizabeth G. King
Who is the endeared 98-year-old teacher/coach for whom the Homer T. Edwards Campus gymnasium was recently named?
Name Athens' private black school that remained open for 75 years, longer than any other local Black private school. Today, a historical marker near UGA's Brumby Hall commemorates its former site.
C. H. Lyons Sr.
Name the former Union Baptist Institute principal who in 1955 became the first Black man in Athens to have a school named in his honor.
She was Samuel F. Harris' second wife and started and operated the Model and Training School near Danielsville Road. In 2007 the Clarke County School District named a new elementary school on Danielsville Road in her honor. Name her.
In what year did the first public schools in Athens open?
The Athens High and Industrial School building on Reese St was constructed in what year?
Athens High and Industrial School
What school in 1922 became the first Black accredited public secondary school in Georgia?
In what year was Athens High and Industrial School renamed Burney-Harris High School?
Annie H. Burney and Samuel F. Harris
Name the two local educators for whom Burney-Harris High School was named.
Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
Who were the first two black students admitted to the University of Georgia in 1961?
September 2, 1963,
On what date did black students first enroll in Clarke County's previously all white schools?
Scott Michael Killian
Name the third-grade Black student who integrated Chase Street in 1963.
Name the first Black student to enroll in all white Athens High School (which later became Clarke Central).
Keith G. Heard
Who in 1992 followed Michael Thurmond as a Georgia State House Representative from Athens and held the seat for twenty years?
Marjorie Green, Agnes Green and Bonnie Hampton
Name Athens' three Black students who integrated the now defunct Child Street School.
What year did Clarke Central first open as a result of the consolidation of Athens High and Burney-Harris High?
W. H. McBride, Clarke Middle
Who in 1974 became the first Black person to be named principal at a formerly all-white Clarke County school?
Howard B. Stroud
He became the first black person to head Clarke County schools when he was named interim superintendent. Prior, he served as the deputy superintendent and the principal at Lyons Middle School. In the summer of 2007, the school board renamed Fourth Street Elementary in his honor. Name him.
Samuel F. Harris
What Black man "unofficially" attended the University of Georgia during the early 1900s? He later studied at Harvard.
Dr. B.B.S. Thompson
Who in 1901 became Athens first Black woman physician?
Dr. Donarell Green
After earning his medical degree from Meharry Medical School in Nashville and serving as a physician in the U S Army, what black doctor opened his medical office in the Morton Building on Washington Street in 1946?
Dr. Andrew Jones' mother - Susan
The Susan Building at 1127 W. Hancock currently houses the law office of Green and Green. Originally, it was the Susan Medical Center--a small maternity hospital founded in 1946 by Dr. Andrew Jones. The center was named in honor of whom?
E.D. Harris Drug Company
Name Athens first black-owned drugstore.
Dr. William H. Harris
Who was the principal organizer of and largest stockholder in Athens' first Black- owned drugstore?
In 1982 he became the first African-American to win an at-large (county-wide) election in Clarke County; he was elected a County Commissioner. Later, he served as the first African American president of the Association of County Commissioners of Georgia (ACCG).
Dr. Ida Mae Hiram
Who in 1910 became Athens' and Georgia's first Black female dentist?
Who was Athens' internationally known YWCA organizer who died in 1931 after having been refused medical help at Dalton hospital following a car accident?
Lucius Henry Holsey
Who as a slave sold rags on the streets of Athens to buy books, although it was against the law for slaves to learn to read? Later he became a bishop in the C.M.E Church and a founder of Paine College in Augusta.
Name the world-famous conductor, arranger, composer who provided the music for several movies, including Swanee River, Way Down South, The Green Pastures, Cabin in the Sky, and Frank Capra's Lost Horizons. A plaque is displayed in Athens City Hall in his honor.
W. H. Heard and W. A. Pledger
Who in 1879 started the Athens Blade, Athens' first Black newspaper?
What year did the Morton Theatre open?
Athens' first black-owned radio station began operating in 1982. Name the station.
Who was the only Black female ever elected to Athens City Council?
Who was the first Black person elected to Athens City Council?
Wilbur P. Jones and John E. Taylor
Name the first two Blacks appointed to the Clarke County School Board in1968.
Archibald Killian and Donald Moon
Name Athens' first two African-American police officers.
Judge Steve C. Jones
Who became Athens-Clarke County's first black superior court judge on November 17, 1995? Currently, he is a judge for the United States District Court.
Barbara Thurmond Archibald
Who was the first African-American Athenian to serve on the State Board of Education?
Name Athens' highly-acclaimed quilt maker whose work appears at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington DC and at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.
Ira Edwards, Jr.
Who became Athens' first Black sheriff on Jan. 1, 2001?
Rev. David Nunnally, Sr.
Who founded the Athens Area Human Relations Council, a group that has awarded more than 300 scholarships since its inception in 1979?
Mary Frances Early
Who in 1962 became the first African- American to earn a degree from the University of Georgia?
Mary M. Fraiser
Who founded UGA's Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development?
Dr. Richard M. Graham (School of Music)
Who in 1968 became UGA's first Black faculty member?
Homer T. Edwards
This former Burney-Harris High campus now bears the name of the building's first principal. Name him.
Paine College graduates Michael Thurmond and Fred O. Smith started the Athens Voice newspaper in what year?
Chestnut Grove School
Located on Epps Bridge Road and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it's a rare surviving example of one-room schoolhouses where many blacks received their elementary and secondary education. Name this school that was built in 1887.
Dr. Lucian Harris
Who in 1995 became Athens Clarke County's first African-American school superintendent?
Chief Joseph Lumpkin
Who in 1997 became Athens first Black Police Chief?
What African American has served on the Clarke County Board of Education since 1979, having served several years as its first black chairperson?
The Morton Theatre
Located in Athens, it is one of the oldest surviving vaudeville theaters built, owned, and operated by an African American. The theater hosted such notables as Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, Bessie Smith, and Louis Armstrong. Name the theatre.
Located near and around Washington and Hull streets, it was the center of African-American commercial, financial, professional, and social life in Athens at the turn of the century. Many black businessmen established their operations there, including the dental offices of Ida May Hiram, the first African American woman to pass the Georgia Dental Board exams. What is this area commonly known as?
The Baxter Street School
Athens' first public schools opened in 1886 when the Board of Education erected two, two-story, ten-roomed brick buildings, one for each race. What was the name of the school for blacks?
Evelyn C. Neely
This former Clarke County School Board member was a fearless advocate for children and civil rights. She was commonly referred to as "the Mayor of East Athens." In 2007, the street near the Athens office of the Georgia Department of Labor was named in her honor. Name her?
Located in Athens on Fourth Street, this cemetery was established in 1882 for African-American Athenians as a burial insurance program. Prominent Athenians with grave sites at cemetery include Charles S. Lyons, Sr., Monroe "Pink" Morton, newspaperman William Pledger; and Reconstruction lawmaker Madison Davis. What is the name of this cemetery which is also on the national registry for historical places?
Dr. Walter Allen, Sr.
In the 1950s and 1960s, he developed school band programs in Clarke and surrounding counties. When Clarke Schools integrated in the late 1960s, he was assistant principal at Athens High School. Since retiring after 32 years with the local school district, he has taught at several colleges, including the International University in Nairobi, Kenya. Additionally, his fund-raising efforts supported the construction of the chapel and educational complex for inmates at the Athens-Clarke County correctional facility. Name him.
Rev. Mitchell M. Tate and Deacon Henry Morse
Started in 1951, the United Brotherhood Incorporated is an alliance of deacons from more than 30 African-American churches in the Athens area. Who were the group's founders?
To an area where the Athens
Waterworks are located
During the construction of the University of Georgia's Baldwin Hall, a number of unmarked slave graves were discovered. The bodies were relocated and marked "with a huge monument." Where were the bodies relocated?
Born in 1867 (two years after the Civil War ended), he never learned to read nor write. Name the local black farmer who donated the land for the Chestnut Grove one-room schoolhouse.
William Henry Heard
Born a slave in Elbert County in 1850, he attended the University of South Carolina during Reconstruction and served in the South Carolina legislature, before being removed because of his race. Later, in Athens he opened a school and helped start the Athens Blade, Athens' first black newspaper. In 1908, he became a Bishop in the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Name him.
This nationally recognized artist and grew up in rural Morgan County and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago. His work is owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, and Atlanta's High Museum of Art. Name him.
Lawrence M. Scotland
Born the son of sharecroppers on Jan. 29, 1921 in Abbeville, South Carolina, this Air Force veteran and Tuskegee Institute graduate spent his 34-year professional career in Oconee County as a dedicated educator and community leader. He was the last principal of the all-black Ed Stroud School.
Ed Stroud School (1956-1969)
Located in Watkinsville, this school was built in 1956 to educate black youth in Oconee County, replacing numerous church and community schools.
Watkinsville Rosenwald School (1928-1957)
The wood schoolhouse for blacks in Oconee County was one of 242 Georgia schools built between 1912 and 1932 in part by grants from philanthropist Julius Rosenwald.
Marvin Billups (2 years)
Theodore Dyson (7 years)
Lawrence M. Scotland (4 years)
Name the persons who served as principals of Ed Stroud School in Watkinsville.
Savannah, Savannah State University
Originated in Athens and as the Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth, the school, founded in 1890, is the oldest public historically black college in Georgia. What city did it relocate shortly after its founding and what is the college's current name?
Comer Colored High School
Once located at the corner of Flint Street and Railroad Avenue in Comer, Georgia, this one-room wood schoolhouse addressed the educational needs of African-Americans during the 30s, 40s and early 50s. Name the school.
Born July 2, 1927 in Oconee County, Georgia and began her career in 1953 in the county's one-room Oak Grove School, she was inducted into the Oconee County School System School System Hall of Fame in 2006. Name her.
This Northeast Georgia slave so distinguished himself as a war hero during the American Revolutionary that the state of Georgia granted him his freedom and 112 acres of land in Madison County.
This Athens native graduated from the University of Georgia law school in 1968 and in 1974 became the first African- American to open a law office in Athens. In 2014, he ran for Congress in Georgia's 10th District.
The Wallace Grove School
Constructed in 1901, this school is believed to be the last remaining one- room schoolhouse built for African Americans in Morgan County. The school remained active until the late 1950s, when all the county's African American schools were consolidated. The Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation recognized the school at its 2012 annual meeting with an "Excellence in Restoration Award.
Born in Oconee County in 1900, this self- taught folk artist became widely known after returning home to Athens from Europe after serving in the Army during World War II. His block house in West Athens contained concrete decorations and mounted sculptures; the front yard held plentiful creations, including a piece he named The Devil and the Drunk Man. As a child, he sculpted animals and people from clay and flour mixed with pine tree tar from his parents' farm near Watkinsville.
As head track-and-field coach from 2000 to 2015, he was the University of Georgia's first African-American head coach. During his tenure, his teams won 25 individual national titles and captured 108 SEC individual titles. The men and women's teams also achieved a total of 29 top-25 NCAA finishes during this span.
Asa T. Boynton
After 19 years as the University of Georgia's public safety director, this Griffin native became the institution's first Associate Vice President for Security Preparedness in 2002. He directed the development and implementation of approaches that safeguard the University against terrorism.
Dr. John W. Townsend
In his autobiography, EXTRAORDINARY COURAGE: MY LIFE ON THE COLUMBUS COLLEGE, this retired Clarke County educator tells how he made history in 1963 as the first Africa American student at previously all-white Columbus College (now Columbus State University) in Columbus, Georgia. His courage paved the way for others facing uncharted situations.
This well-known self-taught folk artist was born and raised in Athens. Many of his works are in public collections such as those of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, the Mobile Museum of Art and the Harriet Tubman Museum in Macon, Ga. Others are on permanent display, such as the gate of the Atlanta City Court and the sculpture "Wisdom," chosen by the Fulton County Art Commission to stand in front of the East Point Library.