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Terms in this set (33)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. "World Bully"
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs "Loner"
A system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all "Team Player"
Getting involved in foreign affairs to safeguard national security or to benefit. "World Policeman"
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
A commodore in the American navy. He forced Japan into opening its doors to trade, thus brining western influence to Japan while showing American might.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the Western influence.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
William Randolph Hearst
A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Purchase of Alaska
"Seward's Folly"- seen as mistake, ended up being a success
Secretary of State who was responsible for purchasing Alaskan Territory from Russia. By purchasing Alaska, he expanded the territory of the country at a reasonable price.
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
Spanish American War
An 1898 conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the US supported Cubans' fight for indepedence. started because of yellow journalism (Hearsts NY and Pulitzer's NYW) and the explosion of U.S.S. maine
A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power.- Cuba after the Spanish American War
American Gains at the end of the war, 1898
America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philippines. Cuba was freed from Spain.
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War
Commodore George Dewey
Followed Roosevelt's order to attack Spanish forces in the Philippines when war was declared; completely destroyed the Spanish fleet stationed at Manila Bay in 6 hours.
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Colonel William Gorgas
After the Spanish-American War, was sent to rid the Panama Canal Zone of malaria infested mosquitos
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Alfred Thayer Mahan
US Navy officer. Pro-Imperialist. Sent the Great White Fleet around the world to prove US's power
Hawaiian queen who tried to reduce foreign influence, however American planters overthrew her in 1893
Filipino General - helped US take Philipines during Spanish-American war - helped Philippines gain freedom from US
24th President, 1885-1889, rejected annexation of Hawaii, anti-imperialist- against war in Cuba
He used yellow journalism in competition with Hearst to sell more newspapers. Created Pulitzer Prize. Publication- "The World"
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries and for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Slogan describing TR's Roosevelt corollary. Comes from the phrase, "speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far." emphasis on military preparedness; willingness to use military force to achieve foreign policy goals.
Know the map on page 4 in your packet!!!
Hawaii, Cuba, Philippines, China, Alaska, Guam, Puerto Rico, Japan, Samoa, Panama Canal
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