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Properties of Matter Lessons 1 & 2

Lessons 1 and 2
STUDY
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What are the three states of matter?
solid, liquid, gas
Anything with mass and volume is called . . .
matter
What would cause the mass of an object to change?
adding or subtracting matter from the object
What tool do scienctists use to measure the mass of two objects?
balance
What determines if an object will sink or float in water?
its density
What can you use to compare and measure the volume of two solid boxes?
metric ruler
Describe the particles that make up a solid piece of matter.
particles are closely packed together
When water is heated to its boiling point what happens to the particles of matter in the liquid
they move father apart and faster
The amount of matter in an object is the property of . . .
mass
How would you find the volume of an irregular shaped object?
graduated cylinder and the amount of water displaced
Comparing the mass to volume of an object is the property of. . .
density
The measure of the pull of gravity on mass is . . .
weight
How do you calculate the volume of a box?
V = L X W X H
The amount of space matter takes up is the property of . . .
volume
What tool do you use to measure mass?
pan balance
List some properties of matter
size, shape, state, mass, density, color, magnetic, smell, taste
What tool do you use to measure the volume of a liquid?
graduated cylinder
What is the name of the tiny particles that make up all matter?
atoms
Anything that has mass and takes up space is . . .
matter
Which state of matter has atoms close together?
solid
Which state of matter takes the shape of the container?
liquid
Which state of matter has atoms far apart and fills all available space?
gas
What type of matter can exist in all three states?
water
Why does an ice cube float in water?
Water as a solid is less dense than water as a liquid
What unit of metric measurement is used to measure mass?
gram
What unit of metric measurement is used when measuring a liquid?
milliliter
All living and nonliving things are made up of . . .
matter
All matter is made up of tiny particles called . . .
atoms
Scientists classify matter by their states which are . . .
solid, liquid, gas
Has closely packed particles in fixed positions
solid
Has particles that move quickly and are far apart
gas
Has particles not as closely packed together that slide past one another
liquid
Has a definite shape that does not change
solid
Does not have a definite shape but fits the shape of the container it is in.
liquid
Always expands to fill whatever space is available.
gas
What substance do you know as a solid, a liquid, and a gas?
water
Why do you weigh more on Earth than on the moon?
gravity
The measure of the amount of matter in an object is called . . .
mass
What scientific tool do scientists use to measure mass?
balance
Does mass always stay the same wherever you go?
yes
Mass does not change because it is the measure of the mount of __________ in an object.
matter
When you take a deep breath, the increase in your lungs is . . .
volume
Since liquids have no definite shape, scientists measure liquids with a . . .
graduated cylinder
The amount of mass in a certain volume of matter is a property called . . .
density
An object's density determines whether it will __________ or __________ in a liquid.
sink or float
Substances with greater density are at the top or bottom?
bottom
Why do life jackets keep you afloat in water?
filled with a material less dense than water